- Education and Science
Positive Effects of Music on the Brain And How To Gain From It
Effects Of Music On The Mind
The effect of music on the brain and mind were extensively studied in the past and in several instances showed many beneficial effects. These studies also include the effects of classical music on brain development, and on music and memory.
These studies are still in progress and this article shares some of the developments and research in this area. It also explains how you too can benefit from it.
Music In Disorders Of Consciousness
What Is Disorder of Consciousness?
This is a medical condition that impairs your ability for self-awareness and the interaction with environmental stimuli such as when you are in a coma, vegetative state or in a minimally conscious state.
Effects of Music on Coma Patients
In a study by Jens D. Rollnik and Eckart Altenmüller using music therapy for patients with coma and other disorders of consciousness, they found that music listening induces the patient's neuronal networks and emotional processes in the brain. The results are even more positive when listened to their favorite songs. These were presented at the meeting of the Association for the Scientific Study of Consciousness in Brighton, UK. in July 2012.
Music and Memory
In another study, Fabien Perrin of Lyon University, France, concluded that listening to your favorite music may trigger the autobiographical memory, which can then triggers another stimulus.
In other words, listening to your favorite music can bring back that hidden information in your brain. It helps to recall this information that you need at that instance.
He also concluded that it is possible for music to enhance awareness, thus increasing the consciousness level.
These experiments were conducted on two subjects in a coma, one in a marginally conscious condition, and one in a vegetative condition.
How To Benefit From This?
If listening to your favorite music can enhance awareness, memory and increase the consciousness level, then you must have it every day. It can increase your focus level, gives you better recall of information, and be more attentive. This will lead to better assimilation of information.
Does Music Increase Productivity?
One of the effects of music on the brain is an increase in productivity and this subject was extensively researched.
August 11, 2012, edition of the New York Times reported that if you are losing focus, listen to music. Is your surrounding ambiance too noisy or too quiet? Or, you are doing repetitive works and it bores you? Then put on the headphone and listen to the music.
Dr. Amit Sood of Mayo Clinic states that when people’s mind wanders, music can bring them back into focus. Harmonious sounds such as music can release dopamine.
Dopamine can mean many things but basically, it is a chemical released by the body's nerve cells that send signals to other nerve cells to invoke desire, happiness, lust, motivation, addiction and etc.
Dr. Sood adds that it takes only 15 minutes to 30 minutes of listening time to reclaim your lost concentration or focus. The best music to trigger this is instrumental music.
Music Improves Mood
In another study on the effect of music on the brain, personnel working on software design were monitored on their work quality and time-on-task performance. Dr. Teresa Lesiuk of the University of Windsor, Canada, found that music improved a worker's mood, and can take in more options. They complete their tasks quicker than those that didn’t listen to music. It also drives up their creativity level and came up with better work ideas.
Music Improves Productivity For Some People
The study also found that workers who are moderately skilled will benefit the most while the experts gained little or none at all. But a novice who is struggling to learn the skill, find music a distraction! The older workers, however, will spend less time listening to music at the workplace, preferring a quieter surrounding.
So, music does increase productivity for some people and if your team comprises mostly of semi-skilled or moderately skills, you will benefit from playing music in the workplace.
Despite these benefits, not many companies allow workers to listen to music at a workplace. They claimed it block out interactions and workers will not be fully engaged.
To Benefit: Listen to your favorite music - esp. an instrumental music, to make you more attentive and to give better productivity. If you intend to listen to music at a workplace, get your supervisor's permission and explain the benefits. Better still, forward this article for reference.
Music On Babies Brain Development
The University of Washington's Institute for Learning & Brain Sciences (I-LABS) played music to thirty-nine 9-month old babies in twelve 15-minute play sessions over a 1-month period to see if music can help babies with speech rhythms.
The study found babies that were exposed to music during the play sessions had improved their ability to detect patterns in sounds, which correlates to speech rhythms, hence their speech learning.
They also found that early exposure to music can enhance the child's development of perceptual skills and cognitive skills.
Music Training in Childhood
In another study by Northwestern University, an adult that had some form of musical training during their childhood responded better to complex sounds. This research was published in the August 22 issue of Journal of Neuroscience.
This early exposure to music enhances memory and attention span, speech and language skills. The most important aspect of this early exposure to music is the ability to express their emotions vocally. This skill is crucial in any healthy relationship.
Benefits Of Music In Preschool
Since music can evoke movements and the melodic rhythm will engage a child's brain, many preschools introduce music to teach the alphabet, languages and listening skills, and to improve memory. Do you still remember your nursery rhymes and the ABC song? I bet you do, proving the strong connection between music and memory.
Music is also another way for a child to express feelings and to release their emotions. They also love to sing and dance, which indirectly develop their motor skills.
How To Benefits - Play soft background music when your child is around, and if you can afford it, send them to music classes. However, the effects of music on the brain is powerful even for infants so do not overexposed and limit it to only an hour a day.
Music Therapy For Premature Infants
Premature babies that are exposed daily to 30-minutes of Mozart's music can grow and gain weight faster than premature babies not exposed to this music. They also leave the intensive care unit earlier than those not exposed to this music.
Mozart's music is also highly repetitive, which make it better than Bach, Beethoven or Bartók. This was observed by researchers at Tel Aviv Medical Centre, a division of Tel Aviv University
In another study by Friederike Barbara Haslbeck, creative music therapy can be beneficial for premature infant's stabilization and relaxation. It also helps parent's self-confidence and quality of interactions with the babies.
But listening to the mother or nurse humming also show positive results so you don't have to play Mozart at all!
How To Benefit: Get a certified and trained music therapist to help you with this music therapy for premature infants. Or just hum a lullaby.
Music And Dyslexia
There are several studies and neuroscientific works of literature that support the use of music therapy to treat children with dyslexia. In this new study by Michel Habib, Chloé Lardy, Tristan Desiles, Céline Commeiras, Julie Chobert, Mireille Besson published in 2016, a specially-designed Cognitivo-Musical Training (CMT) was introduced to dyslexic children.
CMT method is based on three principles:
- To improve brain circuits which are common to music and language processes
- To use the temporal and rhythmic features of music to aid dyslexic children process auditory information and develop appropriate listening and language skills
- Cross-modal integration
These specially developed series of musical exercises that will simultaneously involve the visual, auditory, somatosensory and motor systems.
The study revealed significant improvements in their speech, reading abilities and repetition of pseudo-words. Hence, providing additional arguments to support the use of music to treat dyslexic children.
(Note: A pseudoword is a fake word, usually a string of letters that resembles a real word and doesn't exist in the language. Examples are sark, lan, heth, nep, rop, shep, spet).
Music And Alzheimer
Alzheimer patients can be difficult to handle. They get aggressive and fights can occur. The right type of music has shown to calm them and reduce confusion and aggressiveness.
Does Music Affect Blood Pressure?
Yes, it does. One of these studies by researchers at Florence University, Italy noted that listening to classical music, Indian raga music or Celtic music once a day for a month can lower blood pressure. Their findings were presented at the American Society of Hypertension 23rd Annual Scientific Meeting and Exposition in 2008.
As you listened to these kinds of music, your body feels more relaxed. And there's an increased uptake of oxygen by the heart, thus lowering the blood pressure.
Following a heart bypass surgery, most patients will experience erratic changes in their blood pressure and medication is administered to control this condition. In some medical centers, they play background music to help soothes the patient's nerves and this helps lower the drug dosage.
Relaxing Harp Music to Lower Blood Pressure
I recently read about a therapeutic harpist visiting hospitals to distract and calm patients that are going through painful treatments. Harp music also helps patients to relax, to fall asleep and to lower their heart rate. In some instances, these patients took less painkiller after listening to harp music.
So, I decided to buy one of this harp music and bought . The eloquently soothing sound is peaceful and can make you fall asleep. So, don't listen while driving. If you have hyperactive kids or even active pets, these harp melodies will definitely quiet them down or even drifted them off to sleep. I recommend you listen with scented candles on. Purple Flowers by Peder B. Helland
Does Music Improve Athletic Performance?
In one study, people who listen to music with the clear and steady beat while on the treadmill had an increase in their performance by 15%. Their heart muscle worked better as those that did not.
Dr. Costas Karageorghis, a sports psychologist with Brunel University noted that it also calm the nerves by 10%, which helps increase athletics' performance. He also suggests that if you are into running, listen to music with 85 to 95 bpm (as in rap music) or 170-190 bpm (as in rock or thrash metal music). If you need motivational music to push you harder, then choose songs with positive, affirmative lyrics. To reach your new target, choose music at a faster bpm than your usual beat.
Many sport-persons used music to their advantage. One example is Pitcher Trevor Hoffman of the San Diego Padres, who listened to AC/DC to get him psyched up for the game,
How to Benefits: If you want to increase your athletics’ performance forget the drugs and steroids, just listen to music. It is legal, cheaper and has no side effects!
Music For Your Mood
While there are several studies on the effects of music on the brain to boost an athletic performance, improves productivity, lower blood pressure, cognitive skills for children, etc. this study by Rachel S. Herz and Elizabeth D. Cahill is different.
It looks at how men and women respond to various sensory stimuli (smell, vision, touch, and hearing) that will impact on their sexual activity. One of these stimuli is music and the study found the following interesting responses:
- Music is the least arousing sensory experience for men but gets turned on by sexual sounds (smell and vision are high on men's list).
- Whereas women ranked music highly, in this context.
In another study by William B. Mitchell, Patricia Marten Dibartolo, Timothy A. Brown and David H. Barlow, men who listened to sad music are not easily aroused as men who listened to happy music. Happy music, for women, put them in that right mood!
Music, as mentioned earlier help to release dopamine, the pleasure hormone, and it also releases serotonin, another neurotransmitter that regulates our mood. That’s why music can play a big part to put you in that mood.
Outcome: If happy music can increase both man and woman's libido, turn it on if you want to set the mood.
Classical Music and Brain Development
One of the most promising studies on the effects of music on the brain is the impact of classical music, especially baroque music.
Mozart's music and most Baroque music are on a 60bpm pattern. This pattern activates both the right and left brain. This simultaneous action of right and left brain enhances and maximizes the activities that you are doing such as learning. In other words, your brain capability to process this information is further enhanced.
Classical Music and Cognitive Tasks
Our brain with billions of nerve cells is divided into two hemispheres. Most people will use the right hemisphere to process any form of 'musical appreciation'. However, there will be an interplay of both sides when we listened to music.
Researchers also found that brain cells will light up at every single beat of the music you are listening - even in other brain regions that control emotion and movement.
That's the reason why you feel the emotion from the melody or the lyrics. It may prompt you to sing along or just hymn to the tune. Sometime, you may want to dance or just tap your feet to the rhythm.
Music Therapy in Your Home
Let's look at other ways on how you can benefit and apply some of the above ideas in your home.
To Increase Focus and Concentration
Play a slow Baroque music, as background music while your children study, or when they are reading to increase their attention span, improves memory and retention level to expand their thinking skills.
To Increase Productivity
Play recordings of nature's sounds such as sea waves or rain as background music to increase your productivity, to energize your kids when they are bored with their daily activities and during your relaxation exercise.
To Solve Problem
Play Mozart music when you are in a problem-solving or goal setting mood. Or when your child is busy brainstorming on his or her school project.
Negative Effect of Music on the Brain
Dr. John Diamond in his book 'Your Body Doesn't Lie' wrote of his experience with rock music and the link between music and the body muscle's strength and weakness. He concluded that the irregular beats and shrill frequencies in rock music can be harmful to one's body.
In another study by Dr. Earl W. Flosdorf and Dr. Leslie A. Chambers, proteins that are in liquid form can coagulate when exposed to piercing high pitched sounds. Will this happen to your brain?
Professor Brad Bushman of Psychology & Communication Studies at Michigan University says that aggressive music and lyrics can manipulate a child's judgment psychologically.
Aggressive behaviors are caused by many factors and not by listening to 'aggressive music'. Children will react differently to ‘aggressive music’ but can leave the negative impact on their mind.
So, let them listen if they want, only in moderation.
Benefits of Music on Our Brain and Mind
The many positive effects of music on the brain far outweigh its negative impact. Different people will react differently but generally, music does have a profound effect on people so let's benefit from it.
In my other article, I wrote and how some companies played music to increase plant yield. You can read it here.
1. Music On Babies Brain Development - Institute for Learning & Brain Sciences, University of Washington
2. How Adult Brain Is Shaped by Music Training in Childhood - Journal of NeuroScience
3. Music in Disorders of Consciousness - NCBI
5. The effect of music listening on work performance - Sage Journals
© 2012 Mazlan