ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

How gravity works

Updated on August 16, 2018

What prevents Mercury from leaving the Sun?


A new model of light, gravity and the atom - The Rope Hypothesis


Is there an invisible physical entity that mediates gravity? General Relativity says that it is warped space. Quantum Mechanics says that it is a 0D particle that delivers negative momentum. Science says that it is something else.


Mathematical Physics offers irrational explanations for gravity

General Relativity explains gravity as the warping of space (Fig. 1). The mathematicians claim that the planets orbit the Sun much like a tiny ball circles a roulette. What keeps Mercury from flying away from its orbit is a curved wall of space. On the other hand, Quantum Mechanics explains gravity as a force which is ‘carried’ by particles known as gravitons. This tiny bead strikes a bowling ball and delivers ‘negative momentum’ (Look under the heading: "How can they be responsible for attractive forces?) (See also Fig. 2, below)...

"If the momentum transferred by the wave points in the direction from the receiving particle to the emitting one, the effect is that of an attractive force. The moral is that the lines in a Feynman diagram are not to be interpreted literally as the paths of classical particles."

In other words, the religion of Mathemagical 'fizzix' only offers ridiculous explanations for how gravity works. The mathemagicians allude to this irrationality with the euphemism: 'non-classical'.

Figs. 1 and 2 Gravity Illustrated

The gravity proposals of General Relativity and Quantum Mechanics
The gravity proposals of General Relativity and Quantum Mechanics

Yet most people in the world have bought into these theories simply on the basis of authority and passed them on from generation to generation. No one questions such nonsense because the explanations come from Nobel Prize winners. But who are the Nobel Prize winners if not other mathematicians who have been brainwashed at the universities and already bought into the theories and handed out the prizes in the first place?

The typical defense is that Mathematical Physics has been very successful. We have sent astronauts into space, developed computers and above all discovered GPS. Our extraordinary development of technology clearly demonstrates that General Relativity and Quantum Mechanics are, if not perfectly correct, at least very close to the Truth.

Unfortunately, these replies only expose that the majority of people have a distorted view of the Scientific Method. Science is not about developing technology. Science is about explaining a phenomenon of nature. Anyone can play with magnets and show how they pick up iron filings (Technology). Not one mathematician at Cambridge or Harvard can explain HOW one magnet PHYSICALLY attracts another (Science).

In a hypothetical 2-particle universe, how does one particle attract another?

Well, the only way we can rationalize this is by assuming that there is an invisible, elongated entity mediating the transaction. Invisibility does not mean supernatural. Invisibility is an issue of observers and their ability to detect. Action-at-a-distance without a mediator is what is irrational.

Gravitational Pull

Here we will give a physical interpretation to gravity using the electromagnetic rope introduced in the series on the Rope Hypothesis. A physical interpretation is a theory you can make a movie of. If you cannot put it on the Big Screen, you are not doing Physics! This automatically eliminates General Relativity and Quantum Mechanics. What is Relativity going to put on the Big Screen? Warped space? What is Quantum going to show? A zero-dimensional graviton?

Quantum's 0D, massless point particle: the graviton (to the right of the red arrow)
Quantum's 0D, massless point particle: the graviton (to the right of the red arrow)

The EM rope hypothesis simulates gravity

Let’s first get an intuitive feel for the theory. Hold the center of a stretched rubber band. Your fingers don’t feel any tension (Fig. 3). Now stretch the center away from the axis. Instantly, you feel the tug (Fig. 4), and unless the rubber band rips, you feel the tension at all times.

Figs. 3 and 4

Let’s now assume that we have a tug of war between two men of equal strength. Four others just grab ahold of the rope (Fig. 5). Therefore, neither of the two men tugging is affected by their intervention. If instead, the four men join one of them and pull individually against the other, the lone competitor will suddenly feel a much stronger pull (Fig. 6). This is an analogy of how gravity works with EM ropes.

Fig. 5

Fig. 6


We have 5 atoms which are part of a cube. They are all lined up one behind the other and pulling on a lonely atom (# 6) which is part of a cylinder (Fig. 7). We will assume that the ropes superimpose perfectly. This scenario resembles Fig. 5. The lonely atom # 6 is essentially tugging against one. (Briefly, the reason for this is that the atoms forming the cube pull on each other as well. For simplicity, we will just say that the tug of war is between # 5 and # 6.)

However, when the cube and the cylinder approach each other, the ropes fan out. Each of the 5 atoms of the cube now pulls independently on the lonely atom. The force of pull on atom # 6 is suddenly greater. Note that we achieved this effect simply by changing the locations of the cube and the cylinder vis-à-vis each other!

Fig. 7

Gravity works like this. When two objects are far away from each other, the EM ropessuperimpose and act as one (Fig. 8). However, as they get closer to each other, the ropes fan out, each atom now feels a greater tug from more atoms of the other object, and the two objects accelerate towards each other at an ever faster rate. Consistent with Newton’s gravitational equation, this phenomenon is a function of distance and the number of atoms comprising each object (i.e., ‘mass’). The videos below show this mechanism in action.

Fig. 8

The physical mechanism that underlies gravity

How gravity works


No one has ever defined the term 'black hole'




Submit a Comment

This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

Show Details
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)