How a magnet attracts another
The religion known as Quantum Mechanics is fatally flawed. Not a single mathematician can explain how one billiard ball can attract another!
Quantum has no pull!
Quantum Mechanics proposes that the Universe is entirely made of particles. If we concede this hypothesis, one phenomenon this religion fails to 'predict' is the force of pull. How does a particle attract another? Does it throw another particle at it? Can you pull on a donkey by throwing rocks at it?
Quantum Mechanics resolves the question in a breathtaking way and which actually highlights the difference between the religion of Mathematics and the Science we know as Physics. Quantum suggests that the source pitches stones that 'carry' negative momentum. Essentially, 'momentum' means motion. Thus, the mathematicians are saying that some of the particles of the Standard Model carry a magical type of stone that delivers negative motion. Rather than scare the target away, as logic and experience would dictate, the net effect is that the target comes closer to the source.
No! I'm not kidding:
“If the momentum transferred by the wave points in the direction from the
receiving particle to the emitting one, the effect is that of an attractive force.”
It's so bad that even people who usually gawk at authority have trouble swallowing this amusing explanation:
“The best description of what happens in quantum field theory is that the
exchanged particle carries negative momentum - not an easy thing to
Quantum particle carrying 'negative momentum'
That is a gross understatement. Negative momentum transfer is impossible to visualize! Irrespective of how you wish to imagine it, you will never be able to explain how the target comes closer to the source by throwing something at it other than a lasso.
In Mathematics, everything is very easy. You just change the sign in an equation and suddenly you changed the physical direction in which the elephant was traveling. The question is whether the mathematicians can produce such miracles in a lab. It should not surprise you, consequently, that after hundreds of years of playing with magnets and developing all kinds of technology with them Nobel Prize winner Richard Feynman cannot explain to you how a magnet attracts and repels another one from a distance (Watch video below to see this 'great physicist' squirm in his chair as he embarrasses himself.).
An 'attractive' theory
The electromagnetic rope (light and the atom) is a model that physically simulates attraction, whether electromagnetic or gravitational. There is no need to invoke magic as in Quantum Mythology to get the distant particle to come closer. One of the threads comprising the rope (we'll arbitrarily call it the magnetic thread) swings around while the other one (the electric thread) remains straight. Both attraction and repulsion now have a sensible physical interpretation. When the threads on both sets of aligned atoms swing in the same direction they act like meshed gears, one set pulling on the other (Fig. 1, A and B). When threads on the right swing CW and threads on the left swing CCW, we have repulsion (Fig. 1, C and D). The aggregate of threads -- the alleged 'field' of the religion of Quantum -- of one set of aligned atoms clashes against those of another. (A picture is worth 1000 words - best seen in action in the video!). Predictably, the magnetic 'field' runs perpendicular to the electric 'field' consistent with observation.
Thread Theory explains how a magnet attracts another one and repels it when the poles are switched around. The rope model does away with the inconceivable 0-dimensional particles and miraculous 'fields' of Quantum Mechanics. The religion of Mathematical Physics has no chance of explaining how any phenomenon of nature works.