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Most Beloved Endangered Animals in the Rainforest

Updated on October 29, 2019
angela_michelle profile image

Angela, an animal lover, has a passion for learning and understanding God's creatures. As a born teacher, she enjoys sharing her knowledge.

The more your backyard looks like the tropical forests, the more homes you are giving to wild animals.
The more your backyard looks like the tropical forests, the more homes you are giving to wild animals. | Source

Endangered Animals of the Rainforest

Every year, more and more of the rainforest dwindles by both natural and preventable means. Unfortunately, the more significant the loss of tropical forests, the more homes of animals are lost. The only protection we can give them is to provide them with more areas where they can call home, to prevent these endangered animals from becoming extinct.

Photo of Panda Bear

The giant panda, after DNA testing, is in fact a bear, despite previous beliefs.
The giant panda, after DNA testing, is in fact a bear, despite previous beliefs. | Source

The Giant Pandas

The giant panda, known for its love for bamboo, is a scarce bear that lives in a remote, mountainous region of central China within the rainforest. They eat twelve out of the twenty-four hours in a day, eating as much as twenty-eight pounds of bamboo in one day. Sometimes they will need to climb as high as 13,000 feet to reach their food of choice. They are herbivores, so they will occasionally eat rodents or birds, as well.

In the wild, they may live as long as twenty years. They are about four to five feet tall and weigh around 300 pounds. They also have a very keen sense of smell, which allows males to avoid one another, and yet to mate with the females. Although pandas may give birth to twins, they will only care for one of the cubs. The cubs are born all white and will not gain color until they are much more significant.

As with all large animals, it takes a lot of land for them to survive. That is why there are only 1,000 left in the wild. There are also around a hundred are in captivity, usually as a top-rated zoo attraction, due to their vivid beauty.

Gorrillas

Source

Gorillas, who share 98.3 percent of human DNA, also possess human emotions. These great beasts are not only beautiful, massive but also caring for other animals. They have been known to take care of kittens in captivity. Because of their love for other creatures, they are the gentle giants of the rainforest, despite being the largest primate. Unfortunately, they are not healthy breeders; therefore, their numbers have dwindled and are on the endangered species listed as critically endangered, which is sad because they help the environments in which they live.

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Jaguars are one of the most beautiful of the large cats with its black spots on its orange body. They are powerful creatures who even enjoy swimming. These magnificent cats live alone, which explains why they are considered endangered. They need a vast area to subsist, which limits how many can live within the rainforest since the forest is slowly diminishing. Some jaguars appear to be completely black and without spots, but if you look carefully, they do have these rosette-shaped spots. Since they are strong swimmers, they will live near rivers and eat such things as turtle and fish.

Toucan

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Toucans are a beautiful bird that lives in the rainforest and is known for its vibrant colors. Its beak is not only full of great color, but it also has a unique shape that helps the bird stay cool. Because it is so large, as blood flows through it, the blood cools, and when it reenters the toucan's body, the bird cools down, which allows this beautiful bird to live in the very hottest parts of the rainforest.

Rhinoceros

This one does not have horns like either the Javan or Sumatran Rhino, nor does it have armor like skin. There are five types of Rhinos in the world known today.
This one does not have horns like either the Javan or Sumatran Rhino, nor does it have armor like skin. There are five types of Rhinos in the world known today. | Source

Javan Rhino

The Javan Rhinoceros live in the tropical forest and are now considered critically endangered. Of the five species of rhinoceroses, this is the most threatened with only 35 left in the wild. They currently reside in Ujung Kulon National Park, located in Java, Indonesia, where they are protected. Unfortunately, due to their enormous size, they require a large amount of area to roam.

They used to run free in Vietnam; unfortunately, a poacher killed the last known Javan rhinoceros in 2010. Since then, there have not been any known sitings in this area.

A Javan Rhino weighs anywhere from 1,984 - 5,071 pounds, stands at about 4'7" - 5'8" tall, and is 10-10.5 feet long. Both males and females have a single horn in the center of their head that measures about 10 inches. They have an armor-plated appearance, due to several loose-folds in their dusky gray skin.


Pic of Sumatran Rhino

Source

Sumatran Rhinoceros

The Sumatran rhinoceros is another endangered rhino with fewer than 400 in the wild. Though not as endangered as its cousin the Javan rhino, it is still one of the rarest large mammals in the world. They are found living in isolated dense mountain forests. There have been sightings in Malaysia and Indonesia, although there are rumors they may also be living in Burma.

These are the smallest of the rhinos measuring somewhere between 4 feet and 5 feet. They weigh around 1,760 pounds and are about 8-10 feet long. The Sumatran rhino has small patches of short dark, stiff hair, and their hide is a dark red-brown color. The hair cakes mud to the body, which helps them stay cool.

They are also unique due to having two horns rather than one. The longer horn grows about 31 inches, whereas the smaller horn grows to 3 inches. Unfortunately, it is their horns that have caused them to be a subject for poaching. In Asia, they use the horns for medicinal purposes, which makes them a target for poachers. Middle Eastern countries also use the horns for their purposes. Many have turned them into decorative dagger handles.

Three-Toed Sloth

The sloth is the slowest mammal.
The sloth is the slowest mammal. | Source

Three-Toed Sloth

Sloths are another animal that relies on tropical forests to survive. These animals, notorious for being the slowest mammal on earth, are differentiated by how many prominent claws they have. They are either two-toed or three-toed sloths. Both are so sedentary that their primary defense is the algae that grow on their fur, which camouflages them in trees. They sleep 15-20 hours a day, and even when they are awake, they rarely move. They have their babies in the treetops. Sometimes after a sloth dies, they will remain suspended from a branch.

Although they will rarely be on land, when they are, they are quite clumsy and do not move very well. They have no protection when they are on the ground from predators such as big cats. Surprisingly, they are quite good swimmers, and will, on occasion, fall into the water where they will have to swim out. The one natural advantage they do have is their ability to turn their necks at 270 degrees, which allows them to look around quite well.

Since they are too slow to catch food, they are herbivores, eating fruit and leaves from the trees. Since they are unable to go to a pond for a drink, they rely on the water they get from the leaves and fruit. They weigh less than 10 pounds and grow less than two feet in length.

South Island Kokako

There are two types of kokaos, the North Island Kokako, and the South Island Kokako.
There are two types of kokaos, the North Island Kokako, and the South Island Kokako. | Source

Kokako

Of the endangered animals of the forest, the kokako brings the most joy with its loud, melodious song. Their song carries through the woods and can be heard long ways away. They usually sing in pairs and will begin as the sun is rising. All the other birds enjoy this song and will join them.

Since the 1970s, the bird was believed to have been extinct. Fortunately, in 2003, there was a sudden increase in the amount of Kokakos. Although, even with the sudden rise, this was not significant enough to replenish their numbers. There are two subspecies, the North Island Kokako, and the South Island Kokako. There are many programs, such as captive breeding and translocation, to help their endangered status in hopes that it will help renew their population.

Part of why they became endangered is because they are not strong fliers. They usually glide from place to place, and not for long periods. Unfortunately, with their dying numbers, kokakos have found that a territory, which with a typical bird would have both a male and female pair, you may find have paired up males with males, since a male/female couple is not always possible. They are the only bird known to follow this behavior. It is believed to be a result of the dying female population, which is cause for concern since they will not be able to mate unless they each have a match.

How To Save Endangered Animals

The more trees, grass, and plants on our earth, the more homes we are giving our animals. There are so many ways we can help provide homes to the animals around us. As you often hear, we need to continue to reduce, reuse, recycle, which will tremendously help since it prevents us from destroying the land that is already here.

Another is by encouraging growth in our backyard, plant a tree, plant a garden, opt out of using cement, choose stone where small creatures can crawl like insects. Also, you can donate to your favorite animal preservation site. Worldwildlife.org is an excellent site where you can adopt most any endangered animal, giving money to help preserve that animal's habitat. Plus, you get great gifts for donating. Need more great ideas? Here are some:

  • Recycle plastic, tin, and paper. Some schools collect paper for you!
  • Instead of writing on one side of a piece of paper, write on both sides.
  • When you leave a room, reduce the energy you are using by turning off the lights.
  • Use timers on your faucets, lights, etc.
  • Use reusable water bottles, rather than prepackaged water.
  • Use a towel, rather than paper towels.
  • Plant a tree.
  • Join an Adopt An Animal Program.
  • Grow a garden.
  • Watch less TV and reduce electricity.
  • Have bird feeders.
  • Don't catch and keep wild animals; they are meant to stay in the wild.
  • Don't litter.
  • Be careful when setting fires, especially in hot, dry places.

Be creative. There are hundreds of ways that you can protect our earth. Feel free to share some of your ideas.

© 2012 Angela Michelle Schultz

Comments

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    • angela_michelle profile imageAUTHOR

      Angela Michelle Schultz 

      7 years ago from United States

      I should look into ones that are in Puerto Rico specifically. I don't even know what species are native to there.

    • AnnaCia profile image

      AnnaCia 

      7 years ago

      angela; Thank you for writing about the endangered rainforest and its animals. Puerto Rico also has a rainforest (property of the USA National Forests) which is having issues of endangerment. If we keep losing them, we won't have much to offer the next generations. Voted up

    • AliciaC profile image

      Linda Crampton 

      7 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      I love your series of hubs about endangered and extinct animals, Angela. This article is fascinating and very informative! I love your tips for preserving the environment, too - they're very important. Thanks for sharing them.

    • FullOfLoveSites profile image

      FullOfLoveSites 

      7 years ago from United States

      I've learned something new in this hub, especially the kokako (interesting name too). There are more animals I've never even heard of before, probably because they are dwindling in numbers. I like the picture of the garden there, it's a good idea to give home to wild animals. :)

    • angela_michelle profile imageAUTHOR

      Angela Michelle Schultz 

      7 years ago from United States

      I've only ever seen a three-toed sloth sleep. I wish I could see one moving. That would be neat. :) Supposedly they are great swimmers too!

      Thanks JPCMC. it truly is a shame.

    • teaches12345 profile image

      Dianna Mendez 

      7 years ago

      We recently enjoyed watching a sloth climb on trees at the zoo. It was fascinating to watch. Usually they are so still or sleeping. I didn't realize that they would be so active and such great climbers. I hope that people realize we must prevent the extinction of these animals. Great information.

    • jpcmc profile image

      JP Carlos 

      7 years ago from Quezon CIty, Phlippines

      This is a very timely topic now that more people are loooking into saving the environment. The more we learn about what can be lost, the more we should strive to prevent it. Isn't sad to see so many beautiful animals go extinct because of our own doing? It's just nat a good way to treat other creatures. Voted up. You did Mother nature a great favor my friend.

    • angela_michelle profile imageAUTHOR

      Angela Michelle Schultz 

      7 years ago from United States

      Oh wow, thank you everyone, I appreciated all of your great feedback!

    • Kate Mc Bride profile image

      Kate McBride 

      7 years ago from Donegal Ireland

      Your outline of the endangered animals here is very interesting and the ideas to reduce, reuse and recycle are very sensible and easy to implement on a daily basis. They are things we should get into the habit of doing really.

    • profile image

      Howard Schneider 

      7 years ago from Parsippany, New Jersey

      Excellent Hub, Angela. The rapidly disappearing Amazon Rain Forest is not only rapidly making numerous animals extinct, it further exacerbates our global warming problem. We need this forest for CO2 purposes.

    • Eiddwen profile image

      Eiddwen 

      7 years ago from Wales

      A brilliant hub on a subject close to my heart.

      I vote up and save as one of my favourites.

      Take care and enjoy your day.

      Eddy.

    • carol7777 profile image

      carol stanley 

      7 years ago from Arizona

      I am glad I decided to check this hub out. Learned some new things and enjoyed reading a well written piece. Voted UP.

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