Environment → The mastodon is different from the mammoth?
Mastodon lived in Africa, Europe, Asia and North and South America. He appeared in the Oligocene epoch (25 to 38 million years ago) and became extinct in less than a million years ago. Mastodon reaches a height of 3 m and was covered with dense hair. His tusks were sent forward almost parallel to each other. Mammoth appeared less than two million years ago and disappeared about 10 thousand years ago. He lived in North America, Europe and Asia. As well as the mastodon, mammoth was covered with thick hair, the top layer of which consisted of long, coarse hair, protects it from the cold. He was larger than the mastodon and reaches a height of 2.7 to 4.5 m. The tusks of the mammoth diverged in hand and curled up.
The gradual warming of the Earth's climate and environmental change in the environment may have been the primary reasons for the extinction of these animals. In addition, they were hunted primitive people.
What dinosaurs were the smallest and the largest?
The predatory dinosaur Compsognathus , who lived in the late Jurassic period (131 million years ago) was the size of a chicken - its length from nose to tip of tail is not more than 89 cm it weighs less than 6.8 kg, and the average -. 3 kg .
The largest species of dinosaur, a complete skeleton which was found, it Brachiosaurus . A copy is in the Humboldt Museum in Berlin, it has a length of 22.2 m and a height of 14 m. It weighed about 32 tonnes (31 480 kg). Brachiosaurus , four-legged plant-eating dinosaur with a long neck and tail, lived 155-121 million years ago.
When the term "dinosaur" was first used?
The term "dinosaur" was coined in 1841 by Richard Owen in the report of the fossil reptiles found in the UK. Term meaning "terrible lizard", identified a group of extinct large reptiles, fossils of which are found by many researchers.
What is the extinct mammals that lived in the early Jurassic period?
Fossil remains of the mammal hadrocodium wui were found in China's Yunnan province. This newly described animal existed for at least 195 million years ago. It is assumed that it weighs about 2 grams, and the skull was less than human thumb nail.