Epilepsy and Seizures
It is appropriate to focus some theoretical aspects in the conceptualization and breakdown of both epileptic seizures and the phenomenon of seizures, as a risk factor with sequelae in verbal comprehension previously reviewed in other articles.
This article presents data and other relevant information related to the epidemiology and incidence of these diseases in the context of the reality of El Salvador, seeking to present an adequate panorama to the primary population to which the plan is directed.
For the purposes of this research it is convenient to establish the differences between concepts of epilepsy and seizure.
According to WHO, epilepsy is a chronic brain disease that affects people around the world and is characterized by recurrent seizures. ("Epilepsy", S.F.).
Regarding the etymological origin of epilepsy, this concept is derived from the Greek 'epilambaneim', which means 'to catch by surprise'. It was in the late 19th century when English neurologist John Hugling Jackson defined epilepsy as a sudden, rapid and excessive discharge of brain cells. «What is epilepsy? | Elmundo.essalud ", s. F.)
From a historical perspective it is undoubtedly one of the most recognized and recorded disorders, on which there is evidence that goes back to the year 4000 a. C. Their suffering implies a series of stigmas and distortions that have led to fear, intolerance, discrimination and social stigmatization of those who suffer it. Despite the various advances in medicine, this perception persists in many regions of the world and significantly influences the quality of life of people with epilepsy, their families and proper management; With El Salvador being part of this scenario ("WHO | Epilepsy", s.
In simple terms it can be established that epilepsy is caused by irregularities in the electrical activity of the brain, this important organ being incapable of regulating or inhibiting satisfactorily to brake or inhibit the different electrical impulses that occur between the neurons, which gives rise to a crisis Epileptic. ("What is epilepsy?").
Some critical aspects of epilepsy according to WHO
The Royal Spanish Academy of Language defines a convulsion as an intense and involuntary contraction of the muscles of the body, of pathological origin; As well as a violent agitation of political or social groupings, which disrupts the normality of collective life. (ASALE, s. F.)
According to the reviewed aspects we can establish, in simple terms, that the convulsions as the violent and involuntary motor reactions that appear in epileptic episodes.
Convulsions may be defined as brief episodes of involuntary movements that tend to affect significant parts of the body, called partial seizures, or even in their entirety, called generalized convulsions ("WHO | Epilepsy", f.)
Sometimes seizures are accompanied by loss of consciousness and effective sphincter control. In addition, the symptomatology includes the presence of involuntary generalized concomitants of the muscles, related to clonal tonic type neuronal activity. (Alfredo Ardila, Juan L. Arocho Llantín, Edith Labos, & Walter Rodríguez Irizarry, 2015)
Electrical discharges that occur in a seizure episode can occur in different parts of the brain and temporarily affect from short episodes of absence to prolonged and intense seizures. As for the frequency with which they present this tends to vary from less than one a year to even the experimentation of several episodes in a single day. ("Epilepsy", s. F.)
It is important to clarify that experimenting with a single seizure does not mean epilepsy, in fact in statistical terms it has been established that 10% of people around the world can potentially experience a seizure during their life cycle. This implies that epilepsy, as a condition, requires two or more unprovoked seizures. ("Epilepsy", s. F.)