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Interesting facts about Ethiopia.

Updated on March 17, 2013

Ethiopia is known primarily as an area that has experienced great hardship through famine and war. These events culminated in the Charity events such as Live Aid. In Live Aid the top recording artists of the generation donated their time and talent to raise funds and awareness for the suffering and misery of the people of Ethiopia. Ethiopia has a great history which is often overlooked by many, as they still have the images of starving Ethiopians ingrained into their psyche. The following facts I am about to list will hopefully increase people's knowledge of this East African country.

  • The population despite its famines in the last 25 years is estimated over 85.2 million people, making the population of Ethiopia the second highest in Africa.

  • Ethiopia is one of the oldest discovered sites of human existence known to scientists. And is used as evidence that African was the cradle of humanity.

  • In 1936, Italy annexed Ethiopia, building infrastructure to connect major cities.

  • It has the greatest water reserves in the whole of Africa, over 10 rivers flow through Ethiopia. But there are few irrigation systems in place to effectively use it.

  • Ethiopia is home to the largest domestic livestock population in Africa.

  • Ethiopia is the original source of the coffee bean, and coffee beans are the country's largest export commodity.

  • Currently, Ethiopia is the top coffee and honey-producing country in Africa.

  • Ethiopia has a long tradition of creating great Olympic long distance runners.

  • Ethiopia has eighty-four indigenous languages, with English been the most widely spoken foreign language and is used in secondary schools.

  • Ethiopian geologists were implicated in a major gold swindle in 2008. Four chemists and geologists from the Ethiopian Geological Survey were arrested in connection with a fake gold scandal, following complaints from buyers in South Africa.

  • It was one of the first Christian countries in the world, having officially adopted Christianity as the state religion in the 4th century.

  • There are altogether around 80 different ethnic groups in Ethiopia. 

  • Ethiopia may hold vast supplies of Gold and Oil in the more chaotic areas of the country.


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    • Asp52 profile image

      Asp52 4 years ago from England

      Thank you for the correction and additional information. It is indeed a fascinating and historic area of the world.

    • profile image

      Mitiku 4 years ago

      Good summery but few comments.

      Ethiopia was never annexed by Italy ; portion of Ethiopia was occupied. This makes Ethiopia the only African country never colonized by Europe or any country. It was the only African Country to defeat colonial Europe, Italy in 1896 at the Battle of Adwa. Its the oldest, uninterrupted country in the world.

    • Asp52 profile image

      Asp52 4 years ago from England

      Thank you RonElfran, much of Ethiopia's history is ignored but it has a proud past and huge potential in the region!

    • RonElFran profile image

      Ronald E Franklin 4 years ago from Mechanicsburg, PA

      Ethiopia has such a low profile today that I admit I couldn't have located it on the map. So, both your facts and map were interesting to me. Thanks!