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Everything About Albert Einstein
Albert Einstein was a German theoretical physicist who developed the general theory of relativity. The phrase "Einstein" is usually synonymous with "genius". Einstein is undoubtedly the best known physicist ever to live. Find out some amazing facts about Albert Einstein here - almost everything you could ever want to know about Albert Einstein!
Facts about Albert Einstein
- He received a Nobel Prize in 1921 for his services to theoretical physics and (especially) for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect.
- Einstein was born in Germany on 14 March 1879 and died in Princeton, New Jersey on 18 April 1955.
- Contrary to popular belief, Einstein was right-handed.
- In January 1896, with his father's approval, Einstein renounced his citizenship with the German Empire in order to avoid military service.
- In September 1896, he passed the Swiss Matura (high school exam) with fairly good grades. Not surprisingly, he received a perfect 6 out of 6 for mathematics and physics.
- Einstein was married twice. He divorced his first wife on 14 February 1919 and his second wife died of heart and kidney problems in December 1936.
- By 1908, Einstein was regarded as one of the world's leading scientists. He published four groundbreaking papers in just one year - 1905. These papers looked at topics such as the photoelectric effect, special relativity and Brownian motion.
- By the end of his life, Einstein had published over 300 scientific papers!
- Einstein traveled considerably in 1922, visiting Asia and Palestine as part of a speaking tour. He spoke highly of the Japanese, stating that of all the people he met, he liked the Japanese the most.
- In February 1933, Einstein went for a visit to the United States. He decided in that year not to return to Germany given the rise of the Nazis.
- Einstein was Jewish and some of his published books were burned as part of Nazi book burnings. The Nazis also put a $5,000 bounty on the head of Einstein, probably the world's most famous Jew at that time.
- In 1935, after spending some time deciding his future, Einstein decided to live permanently in the United States and apply for citizenship. He finally became a citizen in 1940.
- In his earlier years, Einstein was a pacifist. He described war as a "disease". However, with the rise of the Nazis he called on all Western powers to defend themselves against the Germans.
- Einstein wrote to President Roosevelt in 1939 warning about the German's research into atomic bombs. He recommended America start to research and making atom bombs to counter the German threat.
- He was a vocal campaigner for the civil rights of African Americans. In 1946, Einstein is quoted as calling racism America's "worst disease". He said the only remedy for this disease was enlightenment and education as racism was an "American tradition".
- During the latter part of his life, Einstein became a vegetarian.
- During his autopsy, Einstein's brain was removed without his family's permission. This was done by Thomas Harvey who hoped that science would one day be advanced enough to work out what made Einstein so intelligent.
- Just before World War Two, Einstein was so famous in the United States that people would stop him on the street to ask him to explain "that theory" (the Theory of Relativity"). He got so sick of it that he started to tell people that he was not Albert Einstein but was simply always mistaken for Albert Einstein!
- Einstein loved music and he was an accomplished violin player.
- While Einstein was Jewish, he was not a practicing Jew and did not believe in God.
- Einstein was named as Time Magazine's "Person of the Century" in 1999.
- He had three children, Lieserl (who is believed to have died at the age of one), Hans Albert and Eduard "Tete".
- In Star Wars, Yoda's eyes were modeled after the eyes of Einstein's.
- On June 19 2009, a signed picture of Einstein sticking his tongue out sold for $74,324, the current record for a picture of Einstein.
- Einstein's birthday, 14 March, is also 'Pi Day'.
Theory of Relativity Explained
Major Papers Published by Einstein
- On a Heuristic Viewpoint Concerning the Production and Transformation of Light
- On the Motion of Small Particles Suspended in a Stationary Liquid, as Required by the Molecular Kinetic Theory of Heat
- On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies
- Does the Inertia of a Body Depend Upon Its Energy Content?