ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Rational Thinking vs. A Priori Beliefs

Updated on May 15, 2011

Evidence and Belief Relationship

Decisions are made on two premises:

1. A priori belief supported by evidence

2. Evidence which generates a belief

Evidence-Belief

Science is a field which studies the whole of reality. Its principle is to extract information from reality. The observation of green chloroplasts under a microscope leads to the conclusion that a plant is green because of it. The date of a fossil is supported by mathematical calculations of the half-life in radiometric dating. The evidence-belief ratio is thus the first premise which is where a belief is formed after all the evidence has been observed. This is taught is rational thinking where a person if openly adjusting his/her beliefs to fit the new evidence and is the premise behind history and science.

Belief to Evidence

Religion or equivalent (faith-based) is a field which is based on an priori belief supported by evidence. Polonius in Hamlet by Shakespeare was convinced that Hamlet's madness was due to his restricted love towards Ophelia and as such, he tried hard to find evidence to support his preconceived belief as when Hamlet makes lustful movements and words towards her, it only strengthened his preconceived belief. This relationship of belief to evidence is also seen in patriotism or pride as no matter how ruined, barbaric, or cruel a country may be to their citizens, they always support it by interpreting trivialities as kindness (To an extent as seen in Tzarist Russia under Nicolas and China under Mao). Religion is a large influence of this type of relationship. Children are brought up and taught to believe in a deity whether it be Yahweh, Allah, Zeus, Thor, Odin, or even Santa Claus and to question them would amount to treason and disobedience that leads to punishment. Children thus grow up with an a priori belief that a God exists and thus looks for the subtle evidence to back it up such as winning the lottery, recovering from a disease, getting a good grade on a test. To a religious person who has an a priori belief in God, everything is evidence.

This Belief-Evidence Relationship leads to Claims of Evidence for:

- Santa Claus

- UFO's

- God/Jesus's Resurection

- The Lochness Monster

- Ghosts

- The countless "End of the world" conspiracies

People come up with a belief they want to be true and search for evidence to justify it through one-sided interpretation rather than an honest consideration of both

Why Does it Matter which Relationship a Person Incorporates into his/her Beliefs?

A belief of the first premise is an open-minded an honest based not on conditioning and strong bias. It is making a reasonable judgement based on what is presented. The second premise is strongly based on conditioning and bias. It does not change from the time it appears in a person's mind. Everything appears to justify it even if it beyond far-fetched. A person who examines the evidence before creating a belief will always be closer towards the truth than someone who has a preset belief and tries to find evidence to support it.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • profile image

      Mike 

      7 years ago

      HI

      -ksk303.tk

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)