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Extinct Animals from Recent Years to the Saber Tooth Tiger

Updated on June 8, 2018
angela_michelle profile image

Angela, an animal lover, has a passion for learning and understanding God's creatures. As a born teacher she enjoys sharing her knowledge.

It is amazing how many animals had once walked this earth that are no longer around. Many of them met their demise due to unwise decisions of the people who God placed to look after them. Pollution, destruction of rainforests, and global warming are a few of the most popular reasons people will cite for the extinction of animals. Unfortunately, the most easily preventable cause, has ended several entire species of animals, and that is hunting, trapping, and poaching. Although each species below became extinct through different means, they all found their demise in the past two hundred years.

Pyrenean Ibex
Pyrenean Ibex | Source

2009 - Pyrenean Ibex

Extinct since 2009: This is one of the most newly extinct animals in existence, or rather nonexistence. Actually there original extinction date was in 2000, when the last natural Pyrenean Ibex died in captivity on January 6, 2000. She was a female named Celia and killed by a falling tree. In 2000, scientist decided to bring back this species through cloning. It was momentarily successful for about 7 minutes, which was the length the cloned Pyrenean Ibex lived before it died of breathing problems. Even if they were to have a more successful clone of the Pyrenean Ibex, they only have DNA from a female; therefore, there is not a male for it to breed with.

Baiji River Dolphin
Baiji River Dolphin | Source

2006 - Baiji River Dolphin

Functionally Extinct Since 2006: This dolphin was believed to have its numbers eliminated due to entanglement in fishing gear in China, which is where it originally was from. In the past five decades, China has been fishing more and more in the rivers where they once thrived. Although there is a possibility that there are some that remain, after a six week study in 2006 of where the dolphins originated there were none detected. Although even if there are some that still survive, they have been declared "functionally extinct," which means even if there are some that still exist, there are not enough to allow the species to continue and thrive. The last documented sighting was in 2007, although there have been none documented since then.

Golden Toad
Golden Toad | Source

1989 - Golden Toad

Extinct Since 1989: Two years before the last sighting of the last golden toad, there was an American biologist who studied the area where they were prevalent. At this time, the scientist counted over 1500 of them in breeding pools. Unfortunately that spring was unusually warm and dry and most of these breeding pools dried up before the tadpoles had a chance to mature to a full-grown toad. In 1988, there was only one male, and two females sighted at one breeding site. At another there was seven males and two females. In 1989, the last male toad was seen and no other females. The final survey was done in 1994, when there was no golden toads left, and the species was considered to be extinct.

Thylacine
Thylacine | Source

1936 - Thylacine

Extinct Since 1936: The thylacine was also known as the Tasmanian wolf or Tasmanian tiger. It was native to Tasmania, New Guinea, and Australia. Most people believe that the extinction was caused by massive hunting of these animals. Some people claim that the animal is still around today, with possible sightings of this creature. None of these sightings have been confirmed.It is stated that if a creature has not been sighed for over 50 years, then it is declared extinct.

Despite its misleading alternate names, it is not related to either the wolf or tiger. It is a marsupial. Although it is believed to be closely related to the Tasmanian devil. This was one of the few marsupials that both the male and female have a pouch for their young. In 1936, the last known living thylacine, which was named Benjamin and lived in captivity died.

Hopefully, the reports are true, and this animal still exists.

Source

1 September 1914 - Passenger Pigeon

The last known passenger pigeon died on September 1, 1914 at 29 years old. The extinction of this bird was tragic, because it happened so suddenly and due to men using the bird for their own interest. When Europeans landed on American soil, it is believed that passenger pigeons made up 40 percent of the total bird population and there were at least three billion alive. By the time the twentieth century, there was barely a passenger pigeon to be found.

They migrated and stayed together in huge groups that would darken the sky as they flew overhead. They were fast too, flying at about 60 miles per hour. One of the major contributing factors to their extinction was the loss of land. Because their groups were so large in number they needed large tree covered areas to land. Unfortunately, as the areas dwindled, so did this bird. Then in 1800s, hunters began hunting them and selling them in markets for food. Although they had been used for food up until this point, they were not killed as massively. Although a law was passed in Michigan to protect these birds 1897, it was too late. The last passenger pigeon known to have been alive was named Martha and died on September 1, 1914.

Quagga - Picture taken in 1870.
Quagga - Picture taken in 1870. | Source

1883 - Quagga

Extinct since 1883: This animal which looks like a cross between a zebra and a donkey, originally habituated in dry parts of South Africa in grasslands. It is believed to have become extinct because humans hunted it for its hide and meat. The last known living quagga died in 1883 in captivity. The last one in the wild was believed to have died a decade earlier.

This is actually the first extinct animal to have its DNA tested. They discovered that the quagga is actually more closely related to the zebra then they had earlier thought and possibly the same animal just with different variations. With this knowledge, in 2006, scientists have begun trying to breed back the quagga by careful selecting it parents. They have been able to reproduce after 3 or 4generations of animals to an animal that looks very close to the quagga.

Dodo - Now, all we have our the dodo's fossils.
Dodo - Now, all we have our the dodo's fossils. | Source

17th Century - Dodo

Extinct Mid to Late 17th Century: The dodo is probably one of the most famous extinct animals with portrayals in such movies as the Disney's version of Alice in Wonderland. It stood about 3 feet and nested on the ground. This was one of the first extinct animals that exists in human recorded history, which is why it is so famous. It is believed that us humans were the result of its demise in the mid to late seventeenth century. Not only was the dodo bird flightless, but it was also not afraid of humans. It's diet mainly consisted of fruit.

There is speculation that the current portrayal of a dodo bird is not accurate, They believe that the birds that the images were produced from were ones that were overfed. Since they lived in captivity, it is believed that their caretakers were feeding them excessively. The birds in the wild, most likely were much thinner than the traditional portrayal of these birds.

Saber-Toothed Cat
Saber-Toothed Cat | Source

BC - Saber-Toothed Tiger

Extinct BC: The Saber-Toothed Tiger was actually more closely related to the lion than a tiger. The more appropriate names are the Smilodon and the Saber-Toothed Cat. They were known for the saber shaped teeth that measured as long as 28 centimeters or 11 inches. They are the longest teeth in the cat family although their bite was weaker than many of the other big cats that are still around today. This may be part of why it became extinct, that and the teeth themselves were rather fragile and could easily become damaged. They became extinct nearly 1.6 million years ago.

More and more animals become extinct or endangered each year. Many of them are due to human activity, either because humans hunt them or move into their habitat. Now we are no the only cause, but we are definitely a culprit in a large number of extinctions and endangerments. So let's take care of our world.

Citation

  • Campbell, Cameron. "The Thylacine Museum - A Natural History of the Tasmanian Tiger." Go to the NATURAL WORLDS introduction page. Accessed February 26, 2018. http://www.naturalworlds.org/thylacine/.
  • Moss, Laura. "10 animals presumed extinct in the last decade." MNN - Mother Nature Network. May 31, 2017. Accessed February 26, 2018. https://www.mnn.com/earth-matters/animals/photos/10-animals-presumed-extinct-in-the-last-decade/gone-the-way-of-the-dodo.
  • "Saber Tooth Tiger Facts | Behavior, Habitat, Diet, Extinction, Species." Animals Time. February 04, 2018. Accessed February 26, 2018. http://animalstime.com/saber-tooth-tiger-facts-saber-tooth-tiger-habitat-diet/.

© 2010 Angela Michelle Schultz

Comments

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    • Alex Anghel profile image

      Alex Anghel 

      7 months ago from Romania

      There are so many species now threatened to be extinct. We humans should be aware that by disturbing the balance we will pay the price.

    • profile image

      Lili maria 

      16 months ago

      Dodo's bones is beautiful

      I like that wolf

    • angela_michelle profile imageAUTHOR

      Angela Michelle Schultz 

      7 years ago from United States

      That's kind of the point of pointing out the animals that have become extinct. When we become aware of the animals that have become extinct, then we can better understand why animals of today are endangered and ways to prevent that.

    • profile image

      JASON NICHOLS 

      7 years ago

      I say forget the past and think about the future. If you all think about the animals that have become extinct, What about the animals of today they are also becoming extinct and people are killing them or they are dying due to some reason. Eg= dolphins, lions, tigers, white lions and tigers, bird's etc. Please save them first.

    • profile image

      fast diet tips 

      7 years ago

      Those creatures are really magnificent. sad to say our amazement will come to end because we people are also the ones who destroyed them T_T.. this issue is already been addressed many years ago but people are not listening.

    • profile image

      fast diet tips 

      7 years ago

      Those creatures are really magnificent. sad to say our amazement will come to end because we people are also the ones who destroyed them T_T.. this issue is already been addressed many years ago but people are not listening.

    • angela_michelle profile imageAUTHOR

      Angela Michelle Schultz 

      7 years ago from United States

      I actually think I agree with you starchild. There are so many other scientific things that we should work towards, like finding ways to prevent cancer or other things like that. But that is my opinion?

    • profile image

      StarChild11 

      7 years ago

      It is sad that some animals go extinct because of us, but we should be cloning them. We had our chance to help some of these animals but we failed. We should learn from our mistakes and work to preserve the animals we have now; not play god.

    • angela_michelle profile imageAUTHOR

      Angela Michelle Schultz 

      8 years ago from United States

      TH, you do have a very legitimate point. I do have mixed feelings. How much is supposed to happen, and how much is because a lack of concern for things around us. I don't know. By the way, I think the shark will be around for awhile. I'd be more worried if house cats became extinct personally.

    • tom hellert profile image

      tom hellert 

      8 years ago from home

      am,

      People say liva and let live I say live and let die-had the dinosaurs lived they may have been dealing with the death of mamals and said what does it mean that these little critters have died off... who knows what may have happened had the dinos not died out around 65 mya!!! the only creature I am truly worried about for extinction is the shark....

      TH

    • angela_michelle profile imageAUTHOR

      Angela Michelle Schultz 

      8 years ago from United States

      Thanks Mquee for the nice comment. We really need to be thinking about the habitat we are invading on before we build. I'm glad there are many people out there making their stand. Making a difference.

    • angela_michelle profile imageAUTHOR

      Angela Michelle Schultz 

      8 years ago from United States

      lol outdoorsguy, I have heard that before!!!

    • angela_michelle profile imageAUTHOR

      Angela Michelle Schultz 

      8 years ago from United States

      Tom, interesting, I have not really heard any true evidence of the rock theory. Maybe someday I'll look into it, so I can better understand that. :) I'm so glad you stopped by. My grandma used to have a cat that looked like the thylacine.

    • mquee profile image

      mquee 

      8 years ago from Columbia, SC

      Very good hub on a subject that we should all pay more attention to. Habitat for wild animals is being encroached upon more and more every day. Thanks for a very educational hub.

    • outdoorsguy profile image

      outdoorsguy 

      8 years ago from Tenn

      Well Dallas Id have to agree with that. besides, the latest surgeons generals warning is that life is the leading cause of death. LOL.

    • tom hellert profile image

      tom hellert 

      8 years ago from home

      The Thylacine looks like my cat...As for everything else had a big old rock not crashed into the earth 65.5 million years ago we might all be talking dinosaurs...talking on the dino-world-net. d we be chastized for that? aaaalife is a big dice throw and its akways best to be the shooter if you're gonna win. anotice the irony.

    • angela_michelle profile imageAUTHOR

      Angela Michelle Schultz 

      8 years ago from United States

      dallas, thanks for clarifying that for us.

    • dallas93444 profile image

      Dallas W Thompson 

      8 years ago from Bakersfield, CA

      outdoorsguy, good to question ! One does not have to be present to know how many are extinct. Fossil records etc indicate most bio systems change, or become extinct... including animals, plants and etc. 98% may or may not be a valid number. Point is, most prior life as we know it, (evidence thereof) is not living now.

    • angela_michelle profile imageAUTHOR

      Angela Michelle Schultz 

      8 years ago from United States

      I was debating on whether you were serious, or whether that was a joke about goldentoad?

      Anyway, I loved Born Free, in fact, I wish I could see that again, it's been so long. I also was a big Ranger Rick magazine!

    • k@ri profile image

      Kari Poulsen 

      8 years ago from Ohio

      My favorite film as a child was "Born Free". I have always believed in conservation...even as far back as my "Ranger Rick" magazines. "Functionally extinct" is a very hopeless term, and I am glad I do not belong to that species. How would it be to know that your children really don't have a chance in a million of meeting a mate?

      On a brighter (*please don't let this be inappropriate!*) note...a goldentoad was spotted on HubPages last year. He stayed a played with us for a while, but, sadly, decided to move on to new pools. Not yet extinct, he hides behind the spider's web and creates greatness. My hope is that his species survives!

    • angela_michelle profile imageAUTHOR

      Angela Michelle Schultz 

      8 years ago from United States

      Thanks outdoorsguy for looking into that for me. I"m sure everyone else who reads the comments will appreciate that as well. :)

    • outdoorsguy profile image

      outdoorsguy 

      8 years ago from Tenn

      okay found out where that came from.. its based on the number of known species to have ever existed on the planet from back in the amphib days till now. learn something new every day LOL

    • angela_michelle profile imageAUTHOR

      Angela Michelle Schultz 

      8 years ago from United States

      garnetbird, that is really sad about the dodo bird. I really wish I would have had a chance to see a dodo bird. I love animals, and if I didn't want to write, I would have become a zoologist and worked at a zoo or out on a safari somewhere studying animals.

    • angela_michelle profile imageAUTHOR

      Angela Michelle Schultz 

      8 years ago from United States

      outdoorsguy, I was actually wondering the same thing from Dallas. But figured 98 percent of statistics are made up on the spot. LOL... no, I figured there was truth in it. I was just playing. :)

      My husband would so love to go out there and check for himself. It's so funny that he is fascinated by Big foot, since he is the most skeptical person in the world. Everything else he doubts, but Big foot, he's not unconvinced that it exists.

    • angela_michelle profile imageAUTHOR

      Angela Michelle Schultz 

      8 years ago from United States

      Dallas, That's actually a really interesting perspective. I never realized what percentage of animals are considered to be extinct. That is really fascinating. It makes sense, because if you think of all the dinosaurs, and so many others. There is so many creatures we will never even know about.

    • profile image

      Garnetbird 

      8 years ago

      NICE work!! I did not know about the Quagga. Fascinating. The poor Dodo Bird was flightless and they hunted them down without mercy. When I taught, I had my 5th graders draw posters of it.

    • outdoorsguy profile image

      outdoorsguy 

      8 years ago from Tenn

      well I live in an area where people claim to have seen Bigfoot. even got paid to guide a Bigfoot hunter out for two days in early spring. the only thing Ive seen are big bear prints and a Rather tall hairy hillbilly wanting to borrow my axe. well there was ... Naw... might be a hub in that LOL.

      Still a great hub. keep up the good work.

      Dallas.. just a question.. but how did they reach the number 98 percent. IMO that implys knowing how many animals are or were on the planet. Just curious

    • dallas93444 profile image

      Dallas W Thompson 

      8 years ago from Bakersfield, CA

      Great informative hub..!

      As a former science instructor, I had learned over 98% of animals are extinct.. Not good. Not bad. Just the natural process of selection, survival of the fittest... Hopefully "us" humans will learn to adapt to mother earth and survive...

    • angela_michelle profile imageAUTHOR

      Angela Michelle Schultz 

      8 years ago from United States

      Thanks Valerie, it is a problem, and hopefully people are becoming more aware of the problem, and going to prevent it from happening to more animals.

    • valeriebelew profile image

      valeriebelew 

      8 years ago from Metro Atlanta, GA, USA

      This was a very informative and useful hub. As an animal lover, I am very concerned about endangered species. Thanks for writing about the problem. The pictures were also interesting. (: v

    • angela_michelle profile imageAUTHOR

      Angela Michelle Schultz 

      8 years ago from United States

      LOL thehands, it's so funny you say that, my husband and I were just talking about that the other day. I wonder if the fact that the Tasmanian tigers had pouches means that they were life mates with their partners?

    • angela_michelle profile imageAUTHOR

      Angela Michelle Schultz 

      8 years ago from United States

      BK Creative, I think there is a lot more talk about endangered species than there is action. Let our actions speak louder than our words. Maybe I should research ways to help out endangered species, do a hub on it, and then do some of that stuff!

    • thehands profile image

      Jorge Vamos 

      8 years ago

      I didn't know male Tasmanian tigers had pouches. Strange. Well, I guess if female spotted hyenas can have phalluses, it's only fair.

    • angela_michelle profile imageAUTHOR

      Angela Michelle Schultz 

      8 years ago from United States

      divacratus. Actually a lot of different tigers were on the list. I didn't write about them, because I couldn't find a photo that was unique enough to separate it from other tigers.

      My favorite tiger of all time is the white Bengal (or Indian) tiger.

    • angela_michelle profile imageAUTHOR

      Angela Michelle Schultz 

      8 years ago from United States

      Pamela, I hope you are right, and I think that is what scientists are trying. Although I believe mentalistacer is right. Until we start preserving their habitat the numbers are going to continue to dwindle.

    • angela_michelle profile imageAUTHOR

      Angela Michelle Schultz 

      8 years ago from United States

      I agree with you mentalistacer.

    • angela_michelle profile imageAUTHOR

      Angela Michelle Schultz 

      8 years ago from United States

      Outdoorsguy! Really, maybe I will have to research that and do a hub on them. That makes me really curious. I did hear of a recent plant that they assumed was dead that has been rediscovered. Hmmm.... When I mentioned this to my husband he's trying to convince me that Sasquatch is real. If whole colonies of animals can be hidden from us, can't the Sasquatch. LOL.

    • BkCreative profile image

      BkCreative 

      8 years ago from Brooklyn, New York City

      What an informative hub. How sad that we keep polluting the environment, even building giant homes and forcing nature to be disturbed and unbalanced - then talk about saving creatures while we ourselves create and benefit from this toxic environment.

      We need to be informed (thank you) and then act accordingly.

      Thanks for this hub.

    • divacratus profile image

      Kalpana Iyer 

      8 years ago from India

      Sad reality. Hopefully we can prevent any such further disasters from happening. I am so worried about the Indian tiger!

    • Pamela99 profile image

      Pamela Oglesby 

      8 years ago from United States

      Angela_Michelle, This hub was very interesting although sad. I think with all the new knowledge about DNA that maybe we can stop any further extinction. I hope so. Great hub.

    • Mentalist acer profile image

      Mentalist acer 

      8 years ago from A Voice in your Mind!

      Loss Can be eternal without preservation of habitat...an important Hub angela_michelle.

    • outdoorsguy profile image

      outdoorsguy 

      8 years ago from Tenn

      but on a brighter note they keep finding new species too. and I know of at least three species they thought extinct only to find they had moved locales.

    • angela_michelle profile imageAUTHOR

      Angela Michelle Schultz 

      8 years ago from United States

      I think that's what shocks me most about the animals that are becoming extinct. It's amazing that we are still losing animals.

    • ethel smith profile image

      Eileen Kersey 

      8 years ago from Kingston-Upon-Hull

      How sad. Especially that we are still losing some despite our modern knowledge. Interesting hub thanx

    • angela_michelle profile imageAUTHOR

      Angela Michelle Schultz 

      8 years ago from United States

      I actually think you so are right. I believe they really are working on it. But they have to DNA samples from both a male and a female. It was sad to read about the Pyrenean ibex, I wonder if they will try to clone a second baby from it and try to cross breed with another surviving ibex until they can "create" the Pyrenean ibex.

    • outdoorsguy profile image

      outdoorsguy 

      8 years ago from Tenn

      great hub. ive always wondered why we dont fund a DNA foundation to recover DNA samples of animals who have become extinct over the last hundred years and clone breeding pairs and repopulate the species.

      to me it would be a greater use of time for some groups than protesting. Id love it personally .

    • angela_michelle profile imageAUTHOR

      Angela Michelle Schultz 

      8 years ago from United States

      Thanks Stars439! I find it very sad. I didn't realize how many have become extinct in the past 100 years, even though people are fighting for the thriving of many of these animals. There were so many, I only touched on ones that we might be familiar with!

    • stars439 profile image

      stars439 

      8 years ago from Louisiana, The Magnolia and Pelican State.

      Thank you for a great hub. Sad but reality of extinction. God Bless You.

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