ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Country Facts About Afghanistan for Kids

Updated on September 11, 2019

Introduction to Afghanistan

The country of Afghanistan is located in Central Asia. It shares borders with Iran, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, and Turkmenistan. The “stan” in Afghanistan means “place.”

Afghanistan’s form of government is called an Islamic Republic. The people elect leaders to make laws. But the laws must be compatible with the rules of the religion of Islam. The capital city is Kabul.

Afghanistan is a desperately poor country. Most Afghans live in rural areas. Houses in rural areas are often made out of mud. People in cities often live in apartments. Because so many people are poor, many apartments are run down with no heating.

Kuchi nomads in Afghanistan
Kuchi nomads in Afghanistan
Map of Afghanistan
Map of Afghanistan


Afghanistan has a population of about 30 million people. They are divided into different ethnic groups. The Pashtun and Tajik ethnic groups are the largest. Smaller ethnic groups are the Hazara, Uzbek, Aimak and Turkmen.

Dari and Pashto are the most widely spoken languages. Most people practice a religion called Islam. People who practice Islam are called Muslims. About 80 percent of the population works in farming. Most people are illiterate, which means they can’t read or write.

Afghanistan has millions of nomads called Kuchi. Nomads are people who move from place to place. The Kuchi herd sheep and goats and they live in tents. 

Climate and Topography

Afghanistan has a semi-arid steppe climate. It has hot summers and frigid winters. It may be very cold in the morning but extremely hot during the day. Most rain falls in the spring and fall. Steppe regions usually have lots of grasses and small shrubs. There isn’t enough rain for large forests to grow.

Afghanistan is a landlocked country. It is completely surrounded by other countries. It has no coasts or direct access to the ocean or sea.

Mountains cover large parts of the country. The largest mountain range is the 500 mile Hindu Kush, which separates Afghanistan from Pakistan. Farmers grow crops and raise sheep and goats in fertile valleys. Afghanistan doesn’t have many forests. The few it does have are becoming smaller. Trees are being cut down for firewood, which is needed for cooking and heat.

Registan is a large desert in Southwestern Afghanistan. Registan means “country of sand.” The Helmand River is the longest river in the country.

Afghan rug
Afghan rug


Afghanistan produces crops, wool and rugs. The country has a lot of natural resources, including natural gas, petroleum, coal, marble, copper, gold, gem stones and salt.

Afghanistan exports fruits, nuts, rugs, wool, cotton and gemstones to other countries. The country imports food, oil, cars, textiles and capital goods. Capital goods are used to make goods or provide services. They include things like machinery and office equipment.

The afghani is the currency of Afghanistan.


Men and boys enjoy kite flying. Kite fighting is a popular kite flying sport. The goal is to cut the string of an opponent’s kite. Kite strings are coated with a sticky resin and small broken pieces of glass are stuck into it. When a kite string is cut, the kite falls down to the ground. Children called “kite runners” run to pick up the fallen kite. Whoever gets the fallen kite first gets to keep it.


This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

Show Details
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)