ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Facts About Carpathian Mountains

Updated on April 6, 2014

Carpathian Mountains are an important mountain system of eastern Europe. Rising near Bratislava, Slovakia, from the valley of the Danube River, which separates them from the Austrian Alps, the Carpathian Mountains swing in a great arc toward the east through parts of the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland, Ukraine, and Romania. Then curving sharply westward through Romania in what are known as the Transylvanian Alps, the mountains again approach the Danube (near Orşova, Romania), which separates them from the Balkan Mountains, which are located to the south.

With the Danube as a base, the Carpathians outline a tongue-shaped projection into central Europe, enclosing Hungary and erecting a natural barrier between Slovakia and Poland. In width the mountain system varies from about 7 to 230 miles (11 to 370 km) and in length extends some 800 miles (1,300 km).

The Carpathian system may be roughly divided into the western and eastern Carpathians. The western section includes an imposing mountain knot known as the High Tatra. Gerlachovka Stit, the highest peak in the Carpathians, rising to a height of 8,737 feet (2,700 meters), is located in the High Tatra. Several other summits of the group reach to more than 8,000 feet (2,400 meters). Negoiul Peak is the culminating point of the eastern Carpathians.

Structure and Mineral Resources


The Carpathian Mountains were mainly formed during the Tertiary period, with the process largely completed by the Miocene epoch. The outer flanks, generally steeper than the inner slopes, are composed largely of shales and sandstones dating from Cretaceous and Tertiary times. Here is found the characteristic building material known as Carpathian sandstone. The inner flanks are more complex in structure with Permian and Mesozoic strata overlying a foundation of Carboniferous and older rocks interspersed with outcroppings of Jurassic limestone.

The Carpathians are so rich in mineral deposits that some Slovakian peaks are called "ore mountains." Gold, silver, copper, lead, zinc, mercury, and iron are found there. Coal and petroleum are abundant. There are also pockets of rock salt hundreds of feet thick.


Water Resources

The Carpathians form a natural watershed between important river systems such as the Oder, Vistula, and Dniester to the north and east and the southward flowing tributaries of the middle Danube. The annual rainfall ranges from 24 to 56 inches (610–1,420 mm).

Plant and Animal Life

Vegetation, as in other mountainous regions, ascends through definite gradations. Agricultural crops and fruit trees flourish to a height of about 1,500 feet (450 meters), while numerous herds of cattle and sheep find pasturage at higher levels. Forests of oak, beech, and chestnut clothe the slopes to a height of about 4,000 feet (1,220 meters), where they yield to hardier firs and pines. Above an altitude of 6,000 feet (1,800 meters), only desolate outcroppings of barren rock emerge. The Carpathians provide a natural barrier against chill winds from the north and endow regions to the south with a mild climate. Bears, wolves, and lynxes still lurk in the wilder areas, and birds of prey are common.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)