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Facts About Hand Fingers

Updated on May 26, 2013
Names of fingers of your  hand
Names of fingers of your hand

Human being has 5 fingers on each hand. Our first digit is the thumb, our next figer is called the index finger, the third is the middle finger, the fourth is ring finger and the fifth is the little finger or pinky.

Divination by looking at a person’s fingernails is called ‘onychomancy’.

Every month, your fingernails grow about one-tenth of an inch but toenails grow at a quarter of that speed.

Compared to all areas of human body skin, our fingertips possess the highest concentration of touch receptors and thermoreceptors.
Compared to all areas of human body skin, our fingertips possess the highest concentration of touch receptors and thermoreceptors.

This is why our fingertips are highly sensitive to vibration, pressure, moisture, texture, and temperature.

Your forefinger is also called as index finger or pointer finger
Your forefinger is also called as index finger or pointer finger
The tallest man on earth is about the same size as the Lady Liberty's index finger
The tallest man on earth is about the same size as the Lady Liberty's index finger

The Oxford Dictionary lists seven names for our second fingers – the demonstrator, insignitur, index, forefinger, lickpot, teacher or weft finger.

Your ring finger is also called the physician finger, leech finger or wedding finger.

And your little finger is also known as the mercurial finger, ear finger or pinkie.

The pinky or little finger is responsible for as much as 50% of our hand's strength. This little finger is very important in a stromg grip.

The man with the largest hand is Lui Hua of China. His left thumb measures about 26 cm in length and his index finger is almost 31 cm long.

The most one finger push ups in just 30 seconds was 41 (achieved by Xie Guizhong).

Most one finger push ups in 30 seconds
Most one finger push ups in 30 seconds
Our fingernails grow abuot the same amount as the Continents move every year.
Our fingernails grow abuot the same amount as the Continents move every year.

Devendra Hame and Pranarnya Menaria are the two persons (from India) who hold the world record of having the most number of fingers. Two of them, respectively, both has 25 in total – 13 toes and 12 fingers.

Structurally, fingernails are modified hairs.

The longest fingernails ever measured is about 20 feet, 2.25 inches. It belonged to Shidhar Chillal and it took about 48 years to grow them.

Shridhar Chillal held the record for the world's longest fingernails
Shridhar Chillal held the record for the world's longest fingernails

We work our fingers by remote control – the control center is our brain.

There are no muscles inside our fingers. The muscles that bend your finger joints are actually located in your palm and up in the mid forearm. These muscles are connected to your finger bones by tendons, which move and pull on the fingers like the strings of a marionette.

The muscles in our forearms and palms operate somewhat like strings on a marionette
The muscles in our forearms and palms operate somewhat like strings on a marionette

That is why many people can't bend their little finger all the way without also bending their fourth finger.

Finger joints only have creases and wrinkles if the joint moves. These creases will eventually flatten out if the finger joint stops moving.

Why people wear wedding rings on the left ring finger
Why people wear wedding rings on the left ring finger
Wedding ring on the right hand
Wedding ring on the right hand

According to Roman belief, wedding rings are worn on the left ring finger because they believed the vein (called vena amoris) in this finger goes straight to the heart. Although the modern medical technology has proven that the belief is actually wrong but the tradition still exists today.

Gay and lesbian couples often choose to wear their wedding rings on their right hands. This is because the right-handed ring (within gay and lesbian communities) is an instantly recognizable marker of a monogamous relationship.

Not all cultures believe that we should wear our wedding ring on the left hand. In countries like Greece, Austria, Poland, Colombia and India, the wedding band belongs to the right hand.

Research has shown that top sprinters have long ring fingers.

The Medical Latin English adjective for thumb is polical.

Thumb sucking is actually a completely normal activity for young children and babies.

Most children who suck their fingers or thumbs tend to stop between the ages of 2 and 4
Most children who suck their fingers or thumbs tend to stop between the ages of 2 and 4

According to the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry, all parents should encourage their children to stop thumb sucking by the age of 3.

If finger or thumb sucking do not stop, the upper front teeth of a child can tip toward the lip. The child's teeth may also not come into the correct position of the mouth.

In many Middle Eastern nations as well as in certain parts of South America, the sign of thumbs up is considered as obscene or crude.

Compared to black children, white children are four times more likely to be born wth webbed fingers. Compared to white children, black children are ten times more likely to be born with extra fingers.

Almost 80% of men and 90% of women in the age group 75 to 79 years have x-ray evidence of osteoarthritis in thier hands.

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