- Education and Science
A cave is indeed one of the finest wonders of the Mother Nature. Below are some famous and wonderful caves of the world.
The Crystal Cave
The crystal cave or the Cueva de los Cristales is located in the Niaca mine of Chihuahua, Mexico.
The cave is perhaps the most beautiful cave of the world. It’s nearly 300 meters deep and has the largest crystals found on earth.
The largest crystal of the cave is 11 meters high, 4 meters thick in diameter and weighs 55 tons.
The cave was discovered 11 years ago in 2000 by local miners while they were excavating a tunnel. The discovery of this cave is one of the greatest discoveries of the 21st century up to date.
The crystal found in the cave are some of the largest found on Earth.
These crystals are of selenite. The temperature of the cave is extreme and can reach upto 58oC.
This extreme temperature has still made this cave yet to be explored.
Another chamber was discovered in the cave in 2009.
This chamber was given the name Ice Palace and it contains smaller crystals in comparison.
Major Mountain Ranges Of The World
- Mountain Ranges Of The World
A Mountain Range is a collection of several high and low mountains, often termed as its peaks. It may consist of several valleys and river channels formed by water rushing down from melting glaciers.
The Skocjan caves of Slovenia are the highest caves in Europe.
The caves are famous for their wonderful and amazing stalactites and
The caves are present next to the River Reka and the combination
of both the caves and the river makes the most magnificent view.
flows on the surface of the first part of the cave and then disappears
underground and flows through out the cave.
In 1986 the caves were entered in the list of natural and cultural world heritage sites by the UNESCO due their geographical importance.
The Eisriesenwelt Cave is situated near Werfen in Austria is one of the longest caves in the world stretching over 42 km.
According to the scientists, the cave was formed by the erosion of Salzach
River thousand of years ago.
The cave is opened for tourists from May to October
during which the cave’s beauty is at the maximum.
The crystals are formed due the freezing of draining thawed snow.
Nearly 200,000 visitors come to visit the cave every year.
Famous Mountain Passes Of The World
- Mountain Passes Of The World
A mountain pass is defined as a path between two mountain peaks. Geographically speaking a mountain pass is a saddle point between two areas of higher elevations.
Best Scuba Diving Locations
- Scuba Diving Locations
Scuba diving has come a long way since the time it was used by the United States as a warfare tactic. Nowadays, scuba is a sport, recreation.
The Lechuguilla cave is present in Carlsbad Cavern
National Park, New Mexico, USA. This cave happens to the fifth largest cave of
the world and is 203 km long.
The cave is also the deepest cave in the North America being 489m deep. The cave is famous all over the world because of
its unique geology.
Firstly the cave is huge; secondly the cave has unique speleothems which are not found anywhere else in the world. These two factors make this cave as one of the most fascinating caves of the world.
The Harrison’s cave is one of the most fascinating and marvelous wonders
of the world. The cave is located in Caribbean island Barbados and is famous
for its unique stalagmites and stalactites.
The cave is also famous for the
fact that this is the only cave in the world in which the water is found
running along the crystal formations.
The cave was formed as a result of erosion of a limestone rock. The cave is full of chambers, streams, water falls and lakes.
Famous Mountains Of The World
- Famous Mountains
The word mountain takes it origin from the Latin word Montem and its use can be dated back to the 13th century.
Waitomo Glowworm Cave
The Waitomo Glowworm cave is situated in the North Island of New Zealand and is so called due to the presence of a large population of glow worms that resides with in the cave.
The worms are the reason why the cave is listed amongst the famous caves of the world.
The mosquito sized larvae of the worm emit a bright light for attracting preys towards them.
At night these larvae lit up the entire cave.
The limestone formations in the cave are believed to be formed nearly 30 millions years ago when the cave was still under the ocean.
Reed Flute Cave
The reed flute cave which is also called “the palace of natural arts” is present in the north-west of China.
The reed flute cave is
240 meters long and is famous for the beautiful reed at the mouth of the cave
and for the magnificent stalactites, stalagmites, unique birds and animals.
The under water river of the cave is also very popular.
The name of the cave came from an ancient belief that the reeds outside the cave turned to flute at nights.