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Famous Inventors

Updated on October 22, 2011

Right when the first of our ancestors discovered how to make fire and stone made weapons and tools, we have continued to evolve and discoverer new things.

Throughout the ages we are blessed with intelligent people who invent new revolutionary things that change the face of the Earth.

Here are some of the few inventors who made contributions in this long list of inventors:

Archimedes

Archimedes of Syracuse was a great Greek mathematician, physicist, engineer, inventor, and astronomer. He is famous as one of the best scientists in classical antiquity.

Among his other works in physics, the foundations of hydrostatics, statics and an explanation of the principle of the lever are renowned.

Statue of Archimedes.
Statue of Archimedes.

He invented the Archimedes screw which was a device for lifting up of water.

It was a device in which a screw type blade moves inside a cylinder.

It was used by hand, and can be used to move water from a low-lying area into irrigation canals.

He was killed during the Siege of Syracuse.

Alexander Graham Bell
Alexander Graham Bell

Alexander Graham Bell

Alexander Graham Bell was born in Edinburgh, in March 1847. His school record was not so good but he had interests in sciences, especially biology. He was an eminent scientist, inventor, engineer and an innovator who is famous for inventing the telephone.

His mother and wife both were deaf that is why it influenced him to work relating to hearing and telephone. He researched on hearing and speech further leading to the experiment with hearing devices, that’s why he got the first U.S. patent for the telephone in 1876. His other inventions included the optical telecommunications, hydrofoils and aeronautics.

He received numerous Honorary Degrees from different institutes including:

  • Gallaudet College,Washington D.C. for Ph.D in 1880
  • Harvard University, Cambridge, for LL.D in 1896
  • University of Würzburg in Würzburg, Bavaria , for Ph.D in 1902
  • University of Edinburgh, Scotland for LL.D in 1906
  • Queen's University, Ontario in 1909
  • Dartmouth College, New Hampshire

George Edward Alcorn

George Edward Alcorn was born on March 22, 1940. He attended Occidental College, California, where he had excellent academic and co curricular records.

He did Bachelors in physics in 1962, and masters in 1963 in nuclear physics from HowardUniversity.

In 1967 he achieved his doctorate from Howard University in atomic and molecular physics. He worked at Philco-Ford, Perker-Elmer, and advisory engineer at IBM Corporation. In addition he invented a new type of x-ray spectrometer.

George H. Babcock

George Herman Babcock was born on June 17, 1832.

He was an American inventor who worked with Stephen Wilcox to improve the safety of water tube steam boiler.

This way it provided a safer and efficient production of steam. This boiler was worked best for higher pressures. They both founded the Babcock & Wilcox boiler company in1881.

John Backus

John Warner Backus was born in December 3. He was an American computer scientist and directed the team that invented FORTRAN, the first greatly used high-level programming language.

His other works included the invention of the Backus-Naur form (BNF), the widely used notation to define formal language syntax and the research in function level programming. He was awarded the W.W. McDowell Award by IEEE in 1967  for the development of FORTRAN.

His other achievements included the National Medal of Science in 1975, the ACM Turing Award in 1977 for exceptional contributions to the design of practical high-level programming systems, basically for his work on FORTRAN.

John Bardeen
John Bardeen

John Bardeen

John Bardeen was born in America and was an engineer and also a  physicist. He was the only person to win the Nobel Prize for Physics twice.

In 1956 he won it with William Shockley and Walter Brattain for the invention of the transistor which completely changed the electronics industry, making it possible to enter the Information Age and with the development of all modern electronic device, i.e. telephones, computers, missiles.

In 1972 he shared the Nobel prize with Leon Neil Cooper and John Robert Schrieffer for a fundamental theory of conventional superconductivity which is known as the BCS theory and used in MRI.

Tim Berners-Lee
Tim Berners-Lee

Tim Berners-Lee

Tim Berners-Lee was born in London on 8 June 1955. He studied at The Queen's College, Oxford, from 1973 to 1976, where he received degree in Physics. He is a British engineer, a computer scientist and MIT professor acknowledged for inventing the World Wide Web.

He is the director of the World Wide Web Consortium, founder of the World Wide Web Foundation, a senior researcher and holder of the 3Com Founders Chair at the MIT Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory. 

In addition he is a director of The Web Science Research Initiative and a member of the advisory board of the MIT Center for Collective Intelligence.

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    • profile image

      Syed m karin 

      6 years ago

      Reading the work of a genius and scientist is able to help me to become one of them .I am thankful to all of them.

    • Alternative Prime profile image

      Alternative Prime 

      7 years ago from > California

      Great Hub,

      I would add Nicola Tesla to the equation... He did some very important studies on electricity.

    • hassam profile imageAUTHOR

      hassam 

      8 years ago from Pakistan

      Thats true! :) Thank you!

    • hassam profile imageAUTHOR

      hassam 

      8 years ago from Pakistan

      Thats true! :) Thank you!

    • christopheranton profile image

      Christopher Antony Meade 

      8 years ago from Gillingham Kent. United Kingdom

      Thank you for a very interesting article. Without the work of most of those people I would not be telling you this.

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