Plateaus are in general referred to as the flat top mountains but by definition a plateau is defined as a large flat piece of land raised approximately more than 15000 feet above its surroundings, having at least one steep side.
A plateau may occupy only a few square meters of the land or they maybe as large as thirty states of the United States.
Plateaus are widespread throughout the world and 45% of the earth’s surface consists of plateaus.
How Are Plateaus Formed?
Most of the plateaus of the earth are formed due natural geological uplift of the stable land areas of the earth’s crust which has been a gradual process. While some of the plateaus found between the mountains are formed as a result of collision of sections of the earth’s crust.
Many of the plateaus are also formed due lava flowing from the large volcanoes that spread through large areas of land surface, building them up.
The Famous Plateaus Of The World
As said that almost 45% of the earth’s surface consists of plateaus. There is a large community of living species on this earth living on plateaus. Many cities and even countries are formed on the plateaus.
Following are five famous plateaus of the world:
This plateau is found sprawled across the southeastern Utah, northern Arizona, northwestern New Mexico, and western Colorado. This roughly circular plateau covers approximately 130000 square miles of the land. The states of Texas, California, Alaska and Montana cover up the land of the plateau.
It is believed that the Colorado plateau was originally a piece of land close to the sea level and was lifted up as a single mass of land nearly five million years ago.
The elevation range of the Colorado plateau is from 3000-14000 feet average being 5200 feet which makes approximately 1585 meters
Due to the high elevation of this plateau, the climatic conditions here are dry and arid. Because of its high precipitation of land and dry environment the plant accommodation on this plateau is less.
The land of this plateau is eroded at places by winds and water forming dramatic landforms. The rivers have been cut into canyons within the plateau.
Major Earthquake Zones And Fault Lines
- Major Earthquake Zones And Disasters
Earthquakes are one of the most hazardous of natural disasters. An earthquake happens due to the tension put on the ground by the tectonic plates when they get jammed or stuck.
- Earthquake Fault Lines
Fault lines are the lines that blot a frontier flanked by two tectonic tableware of the Earth's coating.
Historic Volcanic Eruptions
- Volcanoes And Some Historic Eruptions
Volcano - it conjures up vivid, lucid images of red-hot lava spewing out of a looming mountain, like mountain of fireworks gone astray, bruising and charring everything that dares to come in its way.
The Siberian Traps Of Russia
Nearly 250 million years ago the largest volcanic eruptions in the history of earth occurred in the central Russia of today.
These eruptions are believed to have lasted for 200,000 to 1 million years during which the basalt lava flowed out of the cracks in the ground eventually forming the plateau which is now known as the Siberian traps. The Siberian traps are spread across 750,000 square miles of land and are elevated up to 1600 to 2300 feet.
The Deccan Plateau Of India
This piece of land found in the central-west India is considered to be the oldest and the most stable land of India. Formed due to basaltic lava eruptions nearly 1 million years ago, this plateau now covers the states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu covering almost 300,000 square miles.
Its elevation range differs at different areas. Its western parts have a n elevation range of 2500 feet while the western parts have the level of about 100 feet. Due to its difference of range of elevation, all the rivers flow smoothly from east to west draining into the Bay of Bengal.
Famous Mountains Around The World
- Mountains Of The World
The word mountain takes it origin from the Latin word Montem and its use can be dated back to the 13th century.
Tibetan Plateau Of Tibet
This plateau is referred to as the “roof of the world” and is the highest and the largest plateau on earth. It covers 888000 square miles of the land. It is bounded by the HimalayanMountains on the south while on east it is bounded by the deserts of Tarim and Qaidam basins.
Its elevation range is about 16400 feet. It consists of fourteen mountains that rise up to 26,248 feet while hundred more that rise up to 22, 967 feet.
Famous Himalayan Mountains
- Famous Mountains
Nature is full of beauty, there are countless things around the world which remind us about the beauty of the world we live in.
The Balochistan Plateau Of Pakistan
Balochistan is a state of Pakistan on a plateau. This plateau has an average altitude of 2000 feet and the mountains here attain the average height of 6000-11000 feet.
The conditions of the plateau are dry and arid. The people living here usually live lives of nomads and have adapted themselves to the life of high altitude and dry environment.
The Beautiful Blue Mountain Plateau
- Blue Mountains
Blue Mountains is one of the greatest tourist attraction which attracts so many visitors from around the world to visit and feel the majestic beauty of this natural mountainous region.