History Of The Focke-Wulf FW 190
The Focke-Wulf 190 Würger
The Focke-Wulf was a World War II fighter aircraft employed by the German Luftwaffe. Over 20,000 of them were produced and they were used in the same duties as the Messerschmitt 109's. They were touted as being more maneuverable than the Messerschmitts at lower altitudes.
Some of the thought behind the Focke-Wulf 190 was that its counterparts like the British Spitfire and German's own Messerschmitt BF 109 were built for speed but were temperamental. The Germans wanted a work horse of an aircraft that could be maintained and flew with lesser training. An aircraft that could handle less than ideal battle conditions, that could take more damage and still fly.
The Fw 190 was originally conceived to use radial engines thereby not competing for the Messerschmitt's powerplants. They incorporated an air-cooled BMW 801 D2 radial engine. The Focke-Wulf had a top speed of over 425 mph and weighed almost 7,700 lbs empty. The Fw 190 had a climb rate of 3,300 feet per minute, a service ceiling of a little over 39,000 feet and a range of around 520 miles.
The Focke-Wulfs duties were varied from air fighter to ground attacks. It was introduced in 1941. It flew operations in France and on the Eastern Front.
The Focke-Wulf was armed with two Maschinengewehr 131's (13 mm) a slightly larger machine gun compared to the .50 caliber Browning (12.7 mm) and two 20 mm auto cannons(MG 151). The Fw 109 could carry up to 1,100 lbs of bombs.