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Fort Builder Shilahar King Raja Bhoj II
Shilahar Dynasty of Kolhapur
The famous Shilahar dynasty of Deccan, which originated from Ter, present day Osmanabad district of Maharashtra, India had 6 branches. The most famous branch was Kolhapur Shilahars. The dynasty followed Jainism and Shaivism and their family deity was Mahalaxmi or Ambabai of Kolhapur, who is supposed originally to be Godess Padmavati.
Shilahars were of Naga Race (Nagvanshi) and their flag portrayed a Naga (Serpent).
The Kolhapur Shilahars were bilinguals, spoke Kannada and Marathi languages. two clans of Marathas are related to Kolapur Shilaharas, namely Shelar and Sawant.
Kolhapur Shilahars ruled between 940 to 1212 C.E. The total number of the Kings of this dynasty was 16.
Shilahar King Raja Bhoj II
The most famous King of Kolhapur Shilahars was Raja Bhoj II, who was the last king of this dynasty. He was brave and religious. He was follower of Jainism. He is well known as the builder of 15 forts across the Sahyadri range of Western Maharashtra.
Here is a brief introduction to some of the forts built by this King.
Panhala fort is one of the biggest forts in India and the biggest and one of the most important forts on Deccan. The fort is located 20 Kilometers North West of Kolhapur city. The location of this fort was strategically important. The fort is situated at 850 Meters above the Sea Level. The fort was built by Shilahar King Bhoj II, in 1178 to 1209 C.E.. It was Capital of this king from 1191 to 1209 C.E.
Ajinkyatara fort is situated in the historical city of Satara. The fort is situated 1000 Meters above Sea Level. This was built by Bhoj II in 1190 C.E. This fort witnessed many historical activities since its birth, especially in Maratha period. This was Capital of Maratha King Shahu.
Kalyangad Aka Nandgiri
Kalyangad fort, which is also known as Nandgiri is on a distance of 22 Kilometers from the city of Satara. The fort is situated at about 1050 Meters above Sea Level. There is a big Jain cave with a big pond in this fort. There is also an ancient Jain idol of Parshwanath, probably of Shilahar period or prior to it. This fort also was built by King Bhoj II.
This is a marine fort. The fort is situated on the cost of South Konkan. Like Rashtrakoot Kings, Shilahars also had their naval force. There is an undersea wall of 122 Meters long, 7 Meters broad and 3 meters high. Attacking ships of enemies had to collide against this wall.
Other Forts Built by Raja Bhoj II
Other Forts Built by Raja Bhoj II are Sajjangad, Vishalgad, Rangana, Bhudargad, Pandavgad, Chandan-Vandan, Vasota etc.
People of Maharashtra had forgotten this great King, but recently, in 2006 his name came into limelight on the occasion of completion of 800 years by Vijaydurg fort.
The King Raja Bhoj II was defeated by the mighty King Singhan of Devagiri Yadav Dynasty and this was the end of Shilahar Dynasty.
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