Francis Bacon, (1561-1626), was an English statesman, thinker, and writer. Unlike most philosophers of his time, he understood the importance of a scientific approach to knowledge.
He urged that men should not form theories or; any subject until they had investigated all the facts that applied. His books include The Advancement of Learning and Essays.
Bacon was educated at Cambridge, and became a lawyer. King James I valued his advice and made him Lord Chancellor in 1618. Bacon was given the title Baron Verulam, and was later created Viscount St. Albans. In 1621 Parliament convicted him of taking bribes, and he was forced to leave public life.