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Fraternity's Lead to Death
The establishing of fraternities as well as sororities, comes from the drive of young men, and women. Who wish to become part of a larger picture, through means of brotherhood, and sisterhood. In 1776, the first fraternity, became part of William and Mary university, in Williamsburg, Virginia. From that point fraternities, could be found on University campuses, as Secret Society's. A secret society is a club or organization, hat conceals their workings, from non-member's. The members within the society, protect its secret through honoring oaths, and participating in organization activities. When the oath, fails to uphold, we acknowledge this as a secret society. But if the society is successful there would be no name, nor information about it.
How to Join
In order to join a fraternity, you must go through a formal recruitment, known as a Rush Week. This usually consist of organized events, and activities, for members, and potential member to learn about one another. Most organizations have a week of pledging, before extending full membership. These events usually take place inside of a fraternity home, which refers to a housing area, designed for the brotherhood. These houses range from three, to twenty rooms in size.
The outside, is commonly seen as having two or three, large Greek initials letters. Do to these Greek letters, many fraternities are known as Greek letter organization's. Commonly the members, as well as the houses are known as Greek. Although some fraternities, use Hebrew letters instead of Greek. A fraternity that is of a secret society is often known as a Greek house, although many organizations, as well as chapters do not have a Greek house. If a fraternity does not have a Greek house, it is not of a secret society.
Traditions, & Rituals
There are many secret traditions, and rituals, that take place inside of a Greek house, many of which are symbolic. There are various types of rituals, done within these private meetings. Many of which consist of the following: ceremony's, passwords, songs, and handshakes. Greek letter organizations, are often associated, through symbolic means, such as numbers, emblems, colors, flags, flowers, and pins, or badges. Pins have became increasingly valuable, by members, and non-members alike. There has also been two non-secret society's, built up over these pins. One of these Fraternity Pin Collector Society, which has collected thousands of pins worth tens if not thousands of dollars. The second non-secret society is Keeper of the Key, who works diligently in reuniting lost, or stolen badges with their original owners. Another symbolic meaning within fraternities, is the coat of arms, which represents brotherhood. The best display of the coat of arms, is found inside yearbook's, and chapter publications, that date between 1890-1925. The engravings usually took up the size of a page, and would later be removed and framed. For women, there is a tradition that involves apparel and accessories. The apparel consists of shirts, pants, bags, canteens, jewelry, and key chains. These items have been gentle used, by previous members, in some cases these items are verily old. Many members find wearing these letters on, when drinking inappropriate.
There are four main types of organized fraternities, these four consist of:
- Professional Fraternities:
Professional fraternities, practice professionalism, and is ideal for thous wanting to start their own profession.
- Social Fraternities:
Social fraternities, are commonly known of, they are found at many university's. They usually are a part of academics, and social bonding.
- Community Service Fraternities:
The focus of a community service fraternity, is to service the community. Whither that be picking up trash, or cleaning up campuses.
- Academic Fraternities:
The purpose of an Academic Fraternity, consist of honor roll students, that are wanting to achieve higher grades.
Hazing & Alcohol
Hazing, is a form of initiation that occurs within most fraternities, to induct newcomers into the fraternity. There are many different types of hazing, that range from mild rituals, to severe and sometimes violent ceremonies. For this reason hazing is banned within 44 states, as well as many university have their own set of rules. Hazing can become a big risk, when members mix alcohol, with hazing. Sororities, and fraternities are the more likely to drink, than non fraternity members. This can lead to alcohol abuse, and harsher hazing's, that could hurt, or possible kill the member being hazed.
Many of the hazing's, go without any form of attention. Although there is a small percentage, that slip's through to the media. Below, you can see some of the hazing's, that have recently slipped through to the media.
~May 14, 2013
Michael Charles, 28 years old, of Kappa Alpha Psi. Had plead guilty to committing a hazing, that sent a member to the hospital. Where he was noted as being severely beat.
~June 28, 2011
George Desdunes, a member of the SAE fraternity, had died on February 25, 2011. George had been kidnapped, blindfolded, bound his hands and feet together, and was force feed alcohol. When the autopsy was taken, they had found a blood alcohol level of .409-which is more than five time's the legal limit.
If we look at the statistics, of death through hazing. We will find that alcohol, was involved in more deaths, than those who did not use alcohol. Out of 100 deaths, 80 of these deaths. Where caused through the mixture of hazing, and alcohol.
The mother, of Adrian Heideman had once said, the following words. About the death of her son, who got killed in 2000, by hazing.
"Adrian was my only son and he was the light of my life. ... When he was diagnosed with cancer, I vowed to give up everything so that my child could live. And he grew up to be tall and strong and handsome and brilliant. And then he died. Living without him is painful, every day. ... It aches and aches and aches, and the hurt never goes away."