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Frederick Winslow Taylor Contribution - Scientific Management

Updated on February 07, 2014
March 20,1856 - March 21, 1915
March 20,1856 - March 21, 1915

F. W. Taylor was an American mechanical engineer completed his degree in Mechanical Engineering from Stevens Institute of Technology in 1883. He is well known as the father of scientific management.

He held the following positions in his career:

  1. In 1874 as an Apprentice Machinist.
  2. In 1884 as Executive at Midville Steel Company.
  3. In 1898 at Bethlehem Iron Company, later it was Bethlehem Steel Company.
  4. In 1900 as Professor at ‘Tuck School of Business’.
  5. From 1906 to 1907 as President of ‘American Society of Mechanical Engineers’.

Works of Frederick Winslow Taylor

  1. ‘Notes on Belting’ in 1893.
  2. ‘A Piece Rate System’ in June 1895.
  3. ‘Concrete, Plain and Reinforced’ in 1906.
  4. ‘On the Art of Cutting Metals’ December 1906.
  5. ‘The Principles of Scientific Management’ series of articles published in ‘The American Magazine’ During march-may 1911, later published in book form.
  6. ‘The making of a putting green’ a series of articles published in 1915.
  7. ‘Not for the genius but for the average man’ published in ‘The American Magazine’ in March 1918.

Taylor’s Contribution to Scientific Management

His contribution to management theory is very significant for he says in his famous book The Principles of Scientific Management that he was writing this paper for three purposes;

First. To point out, through a series of simple illustrations, the great loss which the whole country is suffering through inefficiency in almost all of our daily acts.

Second. To try to convince the reader that the remedy for this inefficiency lies in systematic management, rather than in searching for some unusual extraordinary man.

Third. To prove that the best management is a true science resting upon clearly defined laws, rules and principles, as a foundation. And further to show that the fundamental principles of scientific management are applicable to all kinds of human activities, from our simplest individual acts to the work of our great corporations which calls for the most elaborate co-operation. And briefly through a series of illustrations, to convince the reader that whenever these principles are correctly applied, results must follow which are truly astounding.

He developed his theory emphasizing the new philosophy of management responsibility for planning and supervision and formulating of rules, formula, etc. in connection with labor and machine techniques, which would result in lower cost to the employer and a higher return to labour. Taylor's chief contribution to the development of management theory was an application of scientific method to problems of management. His emphasis on the study of management from the point of view of shop management led to the overlooking of "the more general aspects of management, particularly in the United States and Great Britain."

Taylor has defined scientific management as follows:

"Scientific management is concerned with knowing exactly what you want men to do and then see in that they do it in the best and cheapest way."

(F.W.Taylor, Scientific Management, New York: Harper Brothers, 1911)

Elements of the Scientific Management

The main elements of the Scientific Management are:

  1. Separation of planning from actual doing of work.
  2. Functional foremanship, based on specialization of functions.
  3. Job analysis to find out the best way of doing the things.
  4. Standardization of things shall be fixed in advance on the basis of Job analysis, etc.
  5. Selection of workers on scientific basis and should be trained.
  6. Financial incentives to workers to motivate them.
  7. Apart from considering the Scientific and Technical aspects adequate consideration should be given to economy and profits.
  8. Suitable environment to create mutual co-operation between management and workers.

Principles of Scientific Management

The principles of Scientific Management are:

  1. Replacing rule of thumb with science.
  2. Obtaining harmony in group action rather than discord.
  3. Co-operation rather than chaotic individualism.
  4. Increase in production and productivity instead of restricted production.
  5. Development of workers by providing training.

Comments

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    • DeBorrah K. Ogans profile image

      DeBorrah K Ogans 7 years ago

      Dilipchandra, Very Good account of some of the sequence of accomplishments in the life of Frederick Winslow Taylor. This was quite informative and educational! Thank you for sharing, Peace & Blessings!

    • InwardBeautiful profile image

      InwardBeautiful 7 years ago from Germany

      very informative! thanks for sharing your ideas

    • dilipchandra12 profile image
      Author

      Dilip Chandra 7 years ago from India

      DeBorrah K. Ogans and InwardBeautiful thanks for ur comments...

    • Nellieanna profile image

      Nellieanna Hay 6 years ago from TEXAS

      Having had a brother who was a Mecanical Engineer, a husband who was an Industrial Engineer and a son who is a Civil Engineer, I can understand the part Frederick Winslow Taylor's principles must have played in each of their educations in the mid & latter part of the 1900s.

      I have to wonder what standards have proven "still better" than those he conceived since then. My guess is that electronic technology and internet pressure has produced some new standards - which may only remain "standard" for shorter periods before yet "better" ideas replace them. I wonder?

      Good article, dillipchandra! Very thought-provoking.

    • shai77 profile image

      Chen 6 years ago

      Hi :-)

      Very good and intersting Hub.

      I must say you have many good Hubs,thank you . :-)

    • dilipchandra12 profile image
      Author

      Dilip Chandra 6 years ago from India

      Shai77 and Nellieanna Thank u....

    • James A Watkins profile image

      James A Watkins 6 years ago from Chicago

      This is an excellent article. Thanks for the informative biography.

    • profile image

      SHWETA KULKARNI 6 years ago

      THIS IS COMPLETE AND CONCISE INFORMATION THAT IS BEEN PROVIDED.THANKS FOR PROVIDING SUCH EXCELLENT ARTICLE

    • profile image

      MUHAMMAD UMAR JAJERE 6 years ago

      ? L?KE U S?R FOR YOUR CONTR?BUT?ON TO THE WORLD,

    • profile image

      Shahid 6 years ago

      Thank you i got my notes

    • profile image

      Bernard Ogunde, Nigeria 6 years ago

      Great of Tylor you did here, in fact your hub is very educative and informative. Thanks

    • profile image

      rijas 5 years ago

      thankz

    • profile image

      Aslam Noori 5 years ago

      Good Info

    • profile image

      Hariharan 5 years ago

      It is a clean and clear one which gives the clear picture of the complex theory.. "Sweetest abstract" i would call it.. kudos.. dr. Dilip Chandra.... ;)...

    • profile image

      Sandy 5 years ago

      its really helpful

    • profile image

      KA Jayawardena 5 years ago

      thankx a lot... very useful and clear...

    • profile image

      shadrack ondieki 5 years ago

      Good research father.lets apply it on day to day scenerio

    • profile image

      John Smith 5 years ago

      An exquisite work full of interest and intriguing details founded upon by Sir. Frederick Taylor.

    • profile image

      ekta mishra 5 years ago

      very good research

    • profile image

      Odokonyero Richard Gody 5 years ago

      Such are the premise upon which Scholars should develop and provide relevancy to today's management practices and for researches to further knowledge,skills and values in management.

    • profile image

      ram 5 years ago

      scientific management

    • profile image

      alice johnson 5 years ago

      thanks so much 4 this

    • profile image

      muriira 5 years ago

      A WONDERFUL ARTICLE

    • profile image

      Raymie.N 5 years ago

      It's a very intresting article and at the same time its educational.Wow! I like it.

    • profile image

      mizanur rahman 5 years ago

      nice contribution in management

    • profile image

      Rico Moreetsi 4 years ago

      thnx for your wisdom Mr Taylor,an interlectual by birth.

    • profile image

      labeer kaseem kirfi 4 years ago

      thank for your contribution.

    • profile image

      sha4u 4 years ago

      nice article...........

    • profile image

      MEENA 4 years ago

      Its a nice part of education .Education of learn to more knowledge

    • profile image

      sheryl joy libertino 4 years ago

      thanks for the very detailed information..

      i'm done w/ my report.very thankful for it..

      God bless and more power n this hub..

    • profile image

      orman 4 years ago

      Bravo our father in management.

    • profile image

      purvi 4 years ago

      thnxx.... detailed info

    • profile image

      Katy 4 years ago

      Very Helpful and informative.. Thanks

    • WoW Guide Master profile image

      WoW Guide Master 3 years ago

      Hi!

      I wrote a critical analysis on the use of Taylor's theory in contemporary management a while ago. I decided it needs some more backstory on Taylor and his theory, so I am inserting hyper-links to related hubs. This should help my readers who have no prior knowledge on the subject.

      I like this hub because it is detailed, yet cleanly laid out with a few dot-point summaries.

      Feel free to read my hub, and link to it if you feel it is relevant!

      https://hubpages.com/business/Scientific-Managemen...

      Cheers!

    • profile image

      sankar 3 years ago

      It is very useful to my exam

    • profile image

      melody 3 years ago

      Your scientific management theory is still in practice Mr Taylor. Thanks for the great work.

    • profile image

      KATENDE FAISAL 2 years ago

      REALLY THIS THEORY IS RELEVANT TO THE TODAY'S WORKING ENVIRONMENT

    • profile image

      Tavonga Zindonda 2 years ago

      mmmmm wonderful coz team work is real needed for better of all

    • profile image

      SAKSHI 2 years ago

      NCE

      VERY GOOD

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