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US History: George H.W. Bush (1989 - 1992)

Updated on January 22, 2018
Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Ms. Inglish has 30 years of successful experience in medicine, psychology, STEM courses, and aerospace education (CAP).

President George Herbert Walker Bush (Photos this page, public domain)
President George Herbert Walker Bush (Photos this page, public domain)

A Politcal Dynasty

George HW Bush is the first US President of the American Era named by the Miller Center for Public Affairs in Virginia as "Globalization." President Bush's history includes:

  • Graduated Yale with a degree in Economics.
  • Ran for Congress in 1964, his platform being against the Civil Rights Act and lost to his opponent.
  • US Representative from Texas, 1966-1970.
  • Ambassador to the United Nations, 1971-1974.
  • Republican National Chairman, 1975-1976.
  • Director of the CIA from 1976-1977. Some conspiracy theorists claim that George H.W. Bush and Lyndon Johnson were responsible for the assassination of President John F. Kennedy. No evidence of this has been uncovered.
  • Vice President under Ronald Reagan, 1981 - 1988. Journalists uncovered the facts that the rising drug addiction problem in America, despite Nancy Reagan's "Just Say No" campaign, was allowed to proliferate and the funds obtained through drug and drug-money confiscations were used to finance the Contras.
  • US President, 1989-1992.

Famous Last Words in 1988; "Read my lips. No new taxes." Taxes increased.

President Bush's father, Prescott Bush, was a US Senator from Connecticut. HW's son Jeb was the Governor of Florida and his son, George W. Bush, served as the 43rd President of the United States from 2001 - 2008.Jeb lost the republican nomination as a candidate for POTUS in 2016.

The family made a fortune in oil and became a political dynasty.

The Alaskan Peninsula: Location of the Juan Valdez oil spill.
The Alaskan Peninsula: Location of the Juan Valdez oil spill. | Source

George H.W. Bush Timeline and Global Events

1989

  • January 20, 1989: Inauguration as President of the United States.
  • March: The largest oil slick in American history to date spills into Prince William Sound near Alaska. The tanker ship Juan Valdez dumps 10 million gallons of oil that have not been entirely cleaned up, even into the 21st century. The loss of this oil pressured the overtaxed petroleum-based energy foundation of American transportation, leading to increasing gasoline and related prices. Alaska oil itself cannot be drilled because the lands and wildlife are protected by legislation (up until 2017 under the Trump Administration), as are the Native American inhabitants in that area. Even if drilled, that supply would be able to last all of America only two months.
  • Summer: Over 800 US savings and loan institutions are bankrupt. President Bush signs legislation for federal aide to these entities. As a healthcare provider, I found that many of my patients were left unable to pay their bills for medical treatment as well as daily living expenses.
  • December: President Bush and Congress send armed troops into Panama to attempt the capture and arrest of General Manuel Noriega, wanted on drug-trafficking charges.

Surgeon General Antonia Novello
Surgeon General Antonia Novello | Source

1990

  • August: Iraqi troops invade Kuwait. The Persian Gulf War begins soon after.
  • Juli Inkster becomes the first woman golfer to win the Invitational Pro-Am at Pebble Beach. This is the only pro tournament globally where and men and women compete together.
  • Dr. Antonia Novello becomes U.S. Surgeon General as the first woman and first Hispanic.

1991

  • January and February: The USA leads the Persian Gulf War with several nations as allies. Together, they drive Iraq out of Kuwait. IN the US, the war was called Operation Desert Storm.
  • April 6, 1991: Iraq accepts the terms of a United Nations Ceasefire Agreement to end the Persian Gulf War.
  • July: The US and USSR agree to the START I Treaty of reduction in nuclear armaments.
  • Summer: Four white police officers are recorded beating black motorist Rodney King in Los Angeles, leading to racially-charged riots and at least 50 deaths, along with over $1 billion in property damages. This incident later became a jumping off point for the Back Lives Matter protests of the 2010s as well as for racially based protests and injustice.
  • December: The USSR dissolves into individual autonomous countries, followed by a long series of conflicts between these smaller nations. One result is that Russia invaded Ukraine and took over Crimea around the time of the 2014 Sochi Winter Olympics. Violence continues.
  • The United States soccer team wins the first Women's World Cup.

1992

  • February 1, 1992: The Cold War is declared officially over by Russian President Boris Yeltsin and US President George HW Bush at Camp David.
  • December: President Bush sends troops to Somalia in a United Nations initiated relief effort.
  • December 24: On Christmas Eve President Bush pardons six officials implicate dint he Iran-Contra Scandal, to the criticism of many that declared a cover-up.
  • In Planned Parenthood v. Casey, the US Supreme Court upheld the woman's right to abortion under Roe v. Wade.
  • Ms. Manon Rheaume became the first woman to start in a National Hockey League game.
  • Ms. Lyn St. James comes in 11th in the Indianapolis 500 as Rookie of the Year.
  • Girls won all three Division Titles of the All-American Soap Box Derby.
  • Mae Jemison was hired as the first black female astronaut.
  • 1992 Winter Olympics took place in Albertville, France. The German Est-West combined squads and the Unified Team of ex-Soviets were the top medal winners with 26 and 23, respectively. The USA won 11 medals, including 2 Golds by speed skater Bonnie Blair.
  • 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona, Spain saw the American Dream Team of professional basketball athletes with the gold medal.

Mae Jemison
Mae Jemison | Source

Mission STS-47

The STS-47 mission was launched via Space Shuttle Endeavour on September 12, 1992, landing after eight days of studies. The seven crew included the first Japanese astronaut, the first African American woman to fly in space, and the first married couple to fly on the same space mission.

The STS-47's mission was to fly the SpaceLab-J. The SL-J payload included 34 Japanese and 9 American experiments in materials science and the life sciences. An Autogenic Feedback Training Experiment was conducted on the astronauts to examine relaxation and biofeedback type methods of preventing and easing space sickness. Other studies included frog embryo production and plant cultures.

Important Additional History

Sources

  • Bush, B. Barbara Bush: Presidential Matriarch. University of Kansas Press. 2008.
  • Bush, B. Barbara Bush: A Memoir. Simon and Schuster. 2015.
  • Kornbluh, G.The Iran-Contra Scandal (The National Security Archive Document). The New Press. 1993.

  • Goodman, MA. Whistleblower at the CIA: An Insiders Account of the Politics of Intelligence. City Lights. 2017.
  • Valentine, V. The CIA as Organized Crime: How Illegal Operations Corrupt America and the World. Clarity Press. 2017.

© 2008 Patty Inglish

Comments

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    • johnpolk profile image

      johnpolk 8 years ago

      i like the older Bush more. there are allot of controversies in GWB's reign. or maybe there are also controversies during GHWB's reign but i never know them. i guess i need to focus on my history..

    • Patty Inglish, MS profile image
      Author

      Patty Inglish 9 years ago from USA. Member of Asgardia, the first space nation, since October 2016

      I can't find any mention of that, but perhaps other readers have and will let us know. Thanks for thr quedtion.

    • profile image

      Blibble Blobble 9 years ago

      Greetings Friends!

      Yes, do you know if Jimmy Carter is anyway related to Bush?

      (:

    • Patty Inglish, MS profile image
      Author

      Patty Inglish 10 years ago from USA. Member of Asgardia, the first space nation, since October 2016

      Hey thanks DJ! And not too many people I have ever known were named Patty. Glad to know there's another!

      Your video Hubs contests have been pretty fun as well. :)

    • DJ Funktual profile image

      DJ Funktual 10 years ago from One Nation Under a Groove

      December 24, Christmas Eve - President Bush pardons six officials implicate dint he Iran-Contra Scandal, to the criticism of many that declared a cover-up.

      Did not know that. Awesomely bodacious HUB!

      p.s. My mom's name is Patty.

    • manoharv2001 profile image

      Manoharan 10 years ago from Bangalore - 560097, Karnataka, India

      Good wrintings friend. Do visit my new post pls

      Plant a seed of friendship; reap a bouquet of happiness

    • Patty Inglish, MS profile image
      Author

      Patty Inglish 10 years ago from USA. Member of Asgardia, the first space nation, since October 2016

      How about that?! I thought he'd win for both his terms, because so much of America seemed to me to want a change like that from Eisenhower to Kennedy. The nation surely received a shakeup and an interesting 8 years under Bill.

      Henry :)

      (haha -it's good to hear another name for awhile.)

    • Peter M. Lopez profile image

      Peter M. Lopez 10 years ago from Sweetwater, TX

      Back in 90-91, when Bush I was president, I was in a speech competition and the topic was how the Democrats could possibly beat Pappa Bush (at the time his approval rating was 91%). I remember predicting they could not, and then along came Bill. But, I did redeem myself, I predicted Billy Boy to win before most thought he could.

      Great hub, Henry.

    • Patty Inglish, MS profile image
      Author

      Patty Inglish 10 years ago from USA. Member of Asgardia, the first space nation, since October 2016

      Thanks for the comment. I hope others find it useful and especially enjoy the links.

    • monitor profile image

      monitor 10 years ago from The world.

      Terrific hub. Easy to read and loads of information. Thank you. Mon.

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