German Heinkel He-111 Bomber
German Heinkel He-111
The Heinkel H-111 was a twin engine bomber used by the German Luftwaffe in World War II. The He-111's history began in the early 1930s and was purported to be a civilian airliner. After World War I, Germany had certain restrictions, as to what military equipment they could have and build. Later, this civilian aircraft would be turned into a medium bomber and transport, employed by the German Luftwaffe.
The Heinkel He-111's design features included a a gull like wing, very similar to the F4U Corsair and also had elliptical wings similar to the British Spitfire. The Heinkel He-111 also had a nose that was almost completely windowed, similar to the American B-29's. Many variations of the Heinkel He-111's were made throughout the war. They began being powered by BMW V12's and then later used Jumo V12's.
The Heinkel He-111 served almost entirely in the European theater as a bomber, but later was used mostly as transport, as Germany focused more on the production of fighter aircraft. The He-111 was used in the Battle of Britain, utilizing Messerschmitt BF 109's, based in France as fighter escorts.
The Heinkel He-111 had a top speed of over 270 mph and a service ceiling of a little over 21,000 feet. The Heinkel He-111 had a range of 1,400 miles and a crew of four. They built approximately 6,500 of the Heinkel He-111's during the years between 1935 and 1944.
The Heinkel H-111 was armed with seven 7.792 machine guns, one 20 mm autocannon, a 13 mm machine gun and could carry 4,000 to 5000 lbs bombs.