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Goddesses of Ancient Egyptian Mythology

Updated on December 10, 2011

Within the Mythology of Ancient Egypt, there are well over 700 individual gods and goddesses that were worshiped for thousands of years. Some of the most predominantly worshiped were these goddesses, whom were deemed by Egypt's myth and legend to be just as powerful, if not more powerful, than many, if not all, of the male gods. Isis, in fact, was one of nine deities of the Egyptian Ennead of Heliopolis, and was considered to attain at one point even more power and influence than that of even Osiris and Horus, both very powerful gods in their own right.

The Eye of Ra
The Eye of Ra

Isis

Daughter of Nut and Geb, Sister and Mate of Osiris, Patron God of Women, Mothers, Children, and Magic.

  • Isis may be one of the oldest, and most constant, of the deities in Egyptian myth. The goddess was worshiped nearly universally by all egyptians, and was the most important goddess in the Egyptian Pantheon.
  • Isis was depicted simply as a beautiful woman in beautiful royal clothing - she has no "animal forms" like the other gods did.  
  • She was the Daughter of Nut and Geb; Sister to Osiris and Seth, and mother ofHorus.
  • In the Legend of Osiris, Isis scours the world to find Osiris's scattered pieces and brings him back to life with the aid of Thoth.
  • Isis is still worshiped today in modern pagan cults. 

Nephthys

Daughter of Nut and Geb, "Lady of the House", Patron God of War, the Dead, the House, and Funerals.

  • Ancient goddess very closely associated with death - very nearly a Grim Reaper or the Charon of Greek Mythology - would accompany the dead on the funeral boat to the blessed land.
  • Depicted as a woman with symbols on her head (basket and/or house)
  • Mother of Anubis, but Seth, her husband, was not the father.
  • Disguised herself as Isis in order to mate with Osiris, which is how she conceived Anubis.
  • In the Legend of Osiris, Nephthys does not choose to side with her husband Seth, but opts to help Isis in the search for Osiris's pieces.

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Hathor

Patron goddess of the sun, the skyqueensLove, and the arts

  • Depicted as a Cow goddess with horns in which rests a sun disk. 
  • One of the only Goddesses Whom was worshiped by priests of both genders -usually Egyptian priests were the same gender as the god/goddess they worshiped. 
  • Her worshipers were primarily artisans, musicians, and dancers, whom worshiped her through rituals utilizing their talents - a musician would play a song about her/ dancer would dance for her, or something along those lines.
  • It was said that when Ra was in a terrible mood Hathor would dance for him and cheer him up. 

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