How to Use Shakespearean Graphic Novels
Always Pre-Teach the Story Line
For those of you teaching Shakespeare, you know that making the text accessible is the greatest challenge. The language of Shakespeare creates a barrier that many students feel incapable of crossing. As teachers, we often feel, "if only they could see what a great story this is!" It is difficult, however, when they shut down before they can appreciate the beauty and mastery of Shakespeare's craft.
As a major in English Education, and a teacher for over five years, I found that once students started to "get" the story, and start to empathize with the characters, they could plow through the language, and reap the benefits. I always recommend some kind of summary, or plot line be pre-taught, before getting into the actual script, so that the student does not have to expend all of his energy just trying to make a little sense of the text, and can enjoy it, at least some!
A bit intimidating?
A Boy and His Comics
Shakespearean Graphic Novels
Graphic novels are an excellent tool for helping students "get the story," and they do so in a very fun students can really relate to. What may have once been simply termed as a comic book, the term "graphic novel" is now defined as: "a narrative work in which the story is conveyed to the reader using sequential art either in an experimental design or in a traditional comics format." (Wikipedia)
The distinction between the comic book and the graphic novel is that they are considered more serious and literary. Graphic novels tend to be stand-alone pieces of literature, as opposed to simply part of a series.
That being said, students still see them as comics, and that is to your great advantage. When I was teaching the play Romeo and Juliet to my grade ten class, a student from grade eleven came in, saw the graphic novel sitting there, and asked to see it. He was smitten, and got into it right away. By the way, this student was about as non-academic as they come, and showed very little interest in school. He read that book, however. Devoured it, in fact.
How to Use Graphic Novels
Graphic novels can be used in a few different ways within the classroom. Here is a list for some ways that Shakespearean graphic novels might be used to help teach a Shakespeare work:
- To be given as free reading material, for students to pick up on their own. This has the advantage of introducing Shakespeare in a way that does not threaten a student, because they do it on their own.
- As an introduction to the play. Let students read the graphic novel a couple of weeks before you do the actual play. These books tend to be expensive, though, so you may have to share between students, or try to share the book set with another class.
- As an alternative for a student who cannot handle reading all of the written text of the actual plays, but can still benefit from what Shakespeare has to offer. This student could perhaps be exempt from reading the entire text, but would still benefit from hearing the discussion and the language. This student may have a learning disability, may simply be too low in reading score, or may be an ESL student. Which brings me to the next point ....
- For the ESL student. ESL students of any age could benefit from a graphic novel. These are an especially good tool because the pictures give a context for the language used. They are also an excellent way to introduce immigrant students to some culture, which they may or may not be familiar with, in their own country.
- As a supplement to regular teaching. You also might want to have a few copies of graphic novels on hand that students can pick up as you study the play. You could give them the option of looking at certain parts of the book, which you think might help to aide in your explanation of the scene. It offers a way for visual learners to access the text, and is an wonderful adjunct to the lessons you are already offering.
These are five ways to use these wonderful books. You may have another way to use them, that I have not covered.
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They Add Another Layer
Graphic novels can add one more layer unto your teaching experience. They are something that many students can relate to; they are considered a new media, like Facebook, or computer games. They are especially appealing to boys, who traditionally read less, and they offer a way to "get in" with your students.
I recommend getting at least a couple of the play you are studying, when you are planning for your next Shakespeare unit. They are expensive, as mentioned earlier, so start saving!
- Sharilee Shares Shakespeare -
A site that focuses on the interactive method of teaching Shakespeare and gives some ideas for acting it out in class.
- -Folger Shakespeare Library
One of the most comprehensive sites on the net for Shakespeare resources
- Shakespeare Resources: Modern English Shakespeare Translations
No Sweat Shakespeare: Home of modern Shakespeare e-books, translations, sonnets and a range of Shakespeare essays and resources. Our aim is to help students of all ages understand Shakespeare's language. From translating Shakespeare plays and short q