Learning Greek and Latin - Benefits Anyone Can Enjoy by Studying Classical Languages
Ancient Greek and Latin are called “dead” languages because they are no longer used except in academic circles, and this term distracts many people from ever realizing just how much they can benefit from studying these languages. I have studied classical languages, that is, ancient Greek and Latin, both informally on my own, and formally for two years at the University of Tennessee. In the following article, I'll explain how anyone can reap many tangible benefits from the study of classical languages.
Easily Learn Modern Languages That Are Highly In Demand
To begin with, learning Greek and Latin makes it much easier to learn many modern Indo-European languages because these were so heavily influenced by classical languages. A 2000 study by Jamie Draper and June Hicks, published as a report by the American Council on the Teaching of Foreign languages, showed that over 88% of secondary school students who took a foreign language took Spanish, French, or Italian, compared with less than 3% who took Latin. However, since Spanish, French, and Italian are all derived directly from Latin, if one were to first learn Latin, it would be much easier and take much less time to become fluent in any one or all three of these languages.
Gain A Richer Understanding Of English
Not only do classical languages help us learn foreign languages, but they can help us better understand our own language. In fact, learning Greek and Latin is a great way to improve vocabulary scores on the GRE or SAT. Phillip Geer, who received his Master’s in education and has taught English for years, tells us why this is so. “Approximately 60% of English words come from Latin and Greek roots”, he says in his book Essential Words for the GRE. Because of this, we can better grasp the history and meanings of English words we already know by analyzing them for classical roots. “Philanthropy” for example, comes from the Greek words “phileo” (to love) and “anthropos” (human being), land so it means “a love of people”. Similar analysis can also help us guess at the meanings of words that we don’t know (both in English and in other languages). While I doubt that most of us would know the meaning of the English word “somniloquy”, if we know that in Latin, “somnus” means sleep and “loqui” means “to speak”, we can correctly guess that “somniloquy” means “talking in your sleep”. This, by the way, also makes it much easier for us to memorize new English words like "somniloquy".
Explore The Foundations Of Western Civilization
Knowledge of classical languages allows us to understand the real meanings of texts which are foundational to Western philosophy, literature, religion, theater, and law. Greek philosophers such as Plato and Aristotle laid the foundations for all of Western philosophy. The works of the Greek poet Homer have profoundly influenced Western thought and literature. And of course, the entire Christian New Testament was written in Greek. Robert J. Sklenar, Ph.D, serves as associate professor of Roman poetry at the University of Tennessee. When I interviewed him, Sklenar emphatically stated that something is always lost through the act of translation, and so to best understand a text, it should be studied as it was written. I took Greek primarily to read the New Testament in its original language. Through my study, I came to believe that many things said in various English translations of the Christian Bible can or should be interpreted differently. The word “fornication”, for example, is a translation of the Greek word “porneia”, which can most literally be translated as “prostitution”. “Porneia” was eventually used to refer to other taboo sexual acts, such as adultery or incest. The English word “fornication”, however, has come to mean much more than even these extended meanings, denoting any sexual act outside of marriage. By studying Greek, I have come to see how faulty meanings have been imposed on this, and many other words, in translation to English.
Stay Young And Healthy Forever! (Relatively Speaking)
Finally, Greek and Latin are both “inflected” languages. While I’ll not go into what that means in this article, suffice it to say that it implies that these languages are structurally very different than English. Learning either one of these languages forces the English-speaking brain to begin thinking in radically different ways, and this expansion of conceptual frameworks within the brain can only make the mind sharper. There is an old saying, “use it or lose it”, and perhaps nothing could be truer of our mental abilities. The more we exercise our minds (particularly in such novel ways as learning languages that are structured very differently from our original language), the fresher and sharper our minds remain. If you want to stay young and increase your mental health, challenge your mind with learning radically new things. Greek and Latin are perfect to this end.
The preceding points have shown that learning Greek and Latin can help us better learn languages that are currently in-demand, better understand English, find deeper or different meanings in a variety of important ancient texts, and keep our minds sharp and healthy. So, although they may be technically designated “dead languages”, classical languages can still benefit anyone who studies them in numerous ways. And enjoying these benefits is as easy as signing up for classes at a local college (as I did), or taking a class online, or even ordering a Greek or Latin primer off Amazon.com
© 2010 Justin Aptaker