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Group Discussion- objectives, steps involved and it's limitations

Updated on January 29, 2013

Group Discussion-diagramatic view


Group Discussion (GD)

A group discussion aims at a structured but informal exchange of knowledge, ideas, and perceptions among the participants on any issue, topic or sub-topic. Contributions are pooled together and examined in terms of their relevance and validity to the discussion objectives. If planned and organized in a structured way and certain essential conditions are met, it can provide a highly enriching and stimulating experience to the participants. Lets us see, the objectives, different steps involved in it and its limitations.

Objectives of a Group Discussion

  • Produce a range of options or solutions, addressing a particular problem or an issue.
  • Generate a pile of ideas by examining issues in greater depth, looking at different dimensions of these issues.
  • Broaden the outlook of the participants through cross-fertilization and exposure to new and different experiences and ideas and enrich their understanding of the issues under discussion.
  • Develop their skills in interpersonal communication and in expressing their views in a clear and succinct manner.
  • Effective means of changing attitudes through the influence of peers in the group
  • Valuable means of obtaining feedback for the training team on verbal skills, motivation level and personal traits of the participants and characteristics of the group

Steps in organizing a Group Discussion

  • Setting up the Groups
  • Planning a Group Discussion
  • Preparation of Group Reports
  • Presentation and Consolidation of Group Reports


  • If the group is large, not all the members may get the opportunity to participate and contribute to the discussion.
  • If the task is not clearly defined, the discussion may lack focus and, as a result, it may be unproductive.
  • Difficulties can arise if the leader is unskilled in guiding the discussion and/or not familiar with the topic or the issues.
  • Some members may dominate and, in a way, hijack the discussion.
  • As this is a group task, some members may take it easy and not feel constrained to participate.


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    • profile image

      Ramshakal Sahani 

      2 years ago

      Very nice and useful article.

    • profile image


      2 years ago


    • profile image

      Yasir ALzeedi 

      4 years ago

      I enjoyed really reading this article and i found it very useful for teachers to guide them planning a group discussion ..

    • profile image


      5 years ago

      Usually many students faces a lot of problems in group discussion due to lack of knowledge and fear about group discussion. Here are some important points that will help you to crack the group discussion successfully.

      Here is useful resource:


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