Harvesting of Rain Water
I am living in Kerala. It is in the south western tip of Indian Sub Continent. Kerala have some specialities. It lies between an Ocean (Arabian Sea) and a Mountain (Western Ghuts). Its length from North to South is about 600 KM and its average Width from East to West is about 60 KM. Kerala is blessed with Monsoon Wind. Western Ghat is at the East Side of Kerala, It helps to obstruct the Monsoon wind and its result is a good rainfall every year. Kerala receives 3000 mm rainfall per year and its result is green natural sceneries and good weather. One third of Kerala is evergreen rain forest on the western slopes of Western Ghats with a variety of flora and fauna.
Ponds and Streams
Do you know? Kerala have 44 rivers and 34 lakes. Almost rivers are blessed with many tributaries and small streams. Water Resources department of Kerala calculates that Kerala have 18681 public ponds. I remember, in my childhood, there are more paddy fields and small streams in Kerala. There are many small private ponds which helped farmers to irrigate their agricultural fields. Water flowing through the rivers through out the year. Kerala receives the same rainfall at that time as present, but wells, ponds, streams and rivers have plenty of water. At that times water has gathered through resources and under ground water level was higher than nowadays.
Greed of Man
Kerala now suffer a lot from drought during summer. The reason is the greed of man. Deforestation is a continuous process here. Many plenty forests are now agricultural lands. Man animal conflict is a common process in the highlands which is always in news. Due to the lack of forest areas, wild animals like leopards and elephants comes to human habitats in search of water and foods especially during summer periods. Also human tries to break hills and rocks in the Great Western Ghats. There are many quarries which engaged in destruction of this natural fort of Kerala. They don't know its value now. But will realize once when this fertile land may convert to a barren desert.
Importance of Sustainable Development
Many paddy fields which were natural pool of water are now also endangered by human aggression. Within 20 years, many paddy fields, streams and ponds had disappeared in Kerala. Many streams are converted to roads. In place of paddy fields and ponds, the urbanization spreads in the form of industries, buildings, flats, schools, shops, offices and factories has appeared. This is the main reason of drought at present in Kerala. Progress and development is very essential. But never forget nature and natural resources. Sustainable development should be the aim of every nations. Nations like India should control its population which now growing to 1. 5 Billion (150 Crore). All living beings are important like humans. Living beings in the brim of extinction should also be preserved. Selfishness of human beings are swallowing everything like a fire swallows everything.
Rain water harvesting is a modern method to save pure water. Rain Water Harvesting and Ground water recharge are two components of it. To collect drinking water into a tank during rainy season will help them to face severe drought in summer season. It is shameful to Keralites because they don't preserve the water from plenty rainfall of 300 cm per year. It is time to think new methods. New generation should be alert on the preservation of the blessings of nature. The over flowing purified water from water harvesting tanks should collect to a well. It should increase the ground water level. Every homes, schools and institutions should construct a rain water harvesting unit with a good rain recharge pit. It is a best method for water conservation in new period. It will conserve environment too. Nowadays the rain water which falls on concrete roof tops and tiled courtyards is flowing to the roads which causes flood in rainy season. Kerala's geographical area have an inclination from east to west which help the rainy water to flow speedily to ocean through streams and rivers. In the circumstances, the nature organizations and environmentalists in Kerala should propagate water harvesting methods.
I am living in a small beautiful Village in Kerala. This place is water sufficient. There is a dug well in our house premises . My family is depending that dug well for water since 1984. It is plenty with a lot of water in every season. The availability of water never obstructed since the starting. What is the reason? The reason is Ponds. I know 4 big ponds within one squire kilometer of my home. The biggest pond is near Indilayappan Temple. That pond is just 150 meters from our dug well. It spread in an area of one hectare. People preserve this holy pond keenly because it is the pond of an ancient Indilayappan Temple. What is the lesson? The lesson is that if doubled or tripled the number of ponds in Kerala, it will resolve water scarcity during summer time in a rainy area. It don't confined to Kerala, but for every areas which is facing drought even if there are plenty of rain fall.
I narrate the water scarcity problem and rain water harvesting methods on the basis of my place. This may relevant or irrelevant to your native place. You should try to share the problems of your native place as comments.