- Education and Science
History Of The Hawker Hurricane
The British Hawker Hurricane was a World War II fighter aircraft. It was produced by Hawker Aircraft and used by the RAF. The Hawker Hurricane was introduced in 1937 and on, up until 1944. A total of 14,533 Hawker Hurricanes were made. The Hawker Hurricane incorporated the Merlin powerplant, which was a liquid cooled, V12 engine made by Rolls Royce, which was the same engine used in the British Supermarine Spitfire as well.
Even though the Hawker Hurricane is not as widely popular as the Spitfire, this lesser known British Fighter was said to have been responsible for a majority of air victories in the Battle of Britain.
The aircraft was designed to use as many of the existing tooling and manufacturing equipment that was already available. The Hawker Hurricane saw action in just about every World War II theater, from the Battle of France to North Africa. It was used at Malta, in Russia to SE Asian countries like Burma, Malaysia and Dutch West Indies.
The Hurricane Hawker was a durable aircraft, was easy to maintain and saw service throughout World War II. Although there are many of the aircraft still in museums, it is believed that only 12 original Hurricane Hawkers are airworthy today.
The Hurricane MK.IIC weighed 5,745 lbs empty and 7,670 lbs loaded. The Hurricane Hawker had a maximum speed of 340 mph, a rate of climb of 2,780 feet per minute and a service ceiling of 36,000 feet. The Hurricane had a range of 600 miles.
The Hawker Hurricane was armed with eight 0.303 Browning Machine guns. The Hawker could carry up to 2, 250 lb bombs or 500 lb bombs.