ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel
  • »
  • Education and Science»
  • Economics

Henri Fayol - Elements of Management by Henry Fayol

Updated on February 6, 2014
29 July 1841 - 19 November 1925
29 July 1841 - 19 November 1925

Henri Fayol was a French mining engineer and management theorist. He developed the theory of Scientific Management. He studied at the mining school "Ecole Nationale Superieure des Mines" in Saint-Etienne of France. He is well known as the father of modern management theory. Fayol started as an engineer at a mining company and he became its managing director in 1888.

Fayol's contributions were first published in book titled "Administration Industrielle et Generale", in 1916. He looked at the problems of managing an organisation from top management point of view. He has used the term 'administration' instead of 'management'. His contributions are generally termed as operational management or administrative management.

Activities of an Industrial Organisation

Fayol has divided the activities of an industrial organisation into six groups.

  • Technical: Related to production.
  • Commercial: Related to buying, selling and exchange.
  • Financial: It is search for capital and its optimum use.
  • Security: Protection of property and person.
  • Accounting (Including statistics).
  • Managerial: It includes planning, organisation, command, coordination, and control.

Managerial Qualities

Fayol has identified the qualities required in a manager. According to him the qualities a manager has to possess are as under;

  • Physical (health, vigour, and address)
  • Mental (ability to understand and learn, judgement, mental vigour, and capability)
  • Moral (energy, firmness, initiative, loyalty, tact, and dignity)
  • Education (general acquaintance)
  • Technical (peculiar to the function being performed)
  • Experience (arising form the work).

General Principles of Management

Fayol listed and reviewed fourteen principles of management on the following aspects.

  1. Division of Work

  2. Authority and Responsibility

  3. Discipline

  4. Unity of Command

  5. Unity of Direction

  6. Subordination of Individual Interest to General Interest

  7. Remuneration

  8. Centralization

  9. Scalar Chain

  10. Order

  11. Equity

  12. Stability of Tenure of Personnel

  13. Initiative

  14. Esprit de Corps

The principles enunciated are not aimed at being exhaustive but are the ones to which Fayol had recourse most often. He stresses the universality of such principles and their application not only to business but also for the success of all associations of individuals.

Elements of Management

Fayol regarded the elements of management as the functions of management. He said that management should be viewed as a process consisting of 5 elements. They are

  • Planning
  • Organising
  • Commanding
  • Coordination
  • Controlling

He has regarded planning as the most important managerial function. Creation of organisation structure and commanding function is necessary to execute plans. Coordination is necessary to make sure that every one is working together , and control looks whether everything is proceeding according to the plan.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • profile image

      Rosemary 22 months ago

      Very useful for my management studies

    • profile image

      mebin 2 years ago

      Great man in the world

    • profile image

      babagana kachalla 2 years ago

      Its makes me supries

    • profile image

      tigist 2 years ago

      what is the Managerial Quality according to Fayol?

    • profile image

      fabrice mutite 2 years ago

      I love his principles

    • profile image

      Erastus samuel 2 years ago

      Wat are fayol's element?

    • profile image

      Emmanuel Asare 3 years ago

      Fayol is too great to be called the father of modern management.He is an example to immitate as a manager

    • profile image 3 years ago

      looking forward to bea real mananger from fayors'principles

    • profile image

      Chacha Dominicky 3 years ago

      I'll apply these principles in my company and see the impact...otherwise Fayol, hope you were excellent manager!

    • profile image

      adera michael wandeda 3 years ago

      this gentleman is more than scholar, how i wish that he lived in the twenty first century yawa.

    • profile image

      Anita Koku,deogratias 4 years ago

      hope lam going to became a good manager after knowing Fayol's principle

    • profile image

      sydney kim 4 years ago

      truly Fayoul was a great man

    • profile image

      lee 4 years ago

      this as a great character who knowledge and experience applies to even our digital group. he's a smaat guy

    • profile image

      emely 5 years ago

      explain the elements in detail

    • profile image

      Aderemi tosin 5 years ago

      Henri fayor was french industrialist and is administrative management. Is a great peason and interlegent.

    • profile image

      Chacha Dominicky 5 years ago

      These are excellent principles that Henri scratched his brain to output.They are the straight highway to the golden city of success in an organisation.

    • profile image

      Chacha Dominicky 5 years ago

      Henry's principal are really the true way to the hilltop of Excellency in an organisation.

    • profile image

      Dunn korir 5 years ago

      Fayol was my great grandpa..

    • profile image

      vijojohn 5 years ago

      Henry fayol was known as the principles of management. I have learning in plustwo bussines studies. This statement help to knowing The fayol

    • profile image

      Makinde Olamide 5 years ago

      Oh! Henri Fayol is a great man. He is a man of a highly intelligent. His contributions to the world of management can neither fade nor over emphasis.

    • jimagain profile image

      jimagain 6 years ago from Hattiesburg, Mississippi

      Unlike myself, this man seemed to have it all together. I fear I'm the opposite of him although I'm sure it would be to my advantage to emulate his approach to management.

    • sonia05 profile image

      sonia05 6 years ago from india

      hey, your hub reminds of my public administration studies!!! nice hub!

    • Peggy W profile image

      Peggy Woods 7 years ago from Houston, Texas

      Henri Fayol was obviously a smart man and certainly prescribed good qualities and ideals for good management.