ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Heroes of the Holocaust: Leopold Socha and Stefan Wroblewski

Updated on November 30, 2014
Leopold Socha
Leopold Socha | Source
Krystyna Chirowski Chigier, one of the ten survivors of the Lvov sewer.
Krystyna Chirowski Chigier, one of the ten survivors of the Lvov sewer. | Source
Leopold Socha and Mudek Marguilies, another of the ten survivors of the Lvov sewers.
Leopold Socha and Mudek Marguilies, another of the ten survivors of the Lvov sewers. | Source

Leopold Socha and Stefan Wroblewski were not wealthy men, they both worked for the city of Lvov, Poland sanitation department maintaining the sewer system. Socha began aiding Jews from the ghetto almost immediately after the Germans occupied the city and established the ghetto.

It wasn’t long before Socha sought the help of Wroblewski in his effort to offer assistance to the persecuted Jews of Lvov. During the episode in which the ghetto was liquidated as part of Aktion Reinhard , as Socha and Wroblewski worked in the in sewage canals under the city, they came across a group of several Jews hiding in the sewer.

Socha managed to convince the horrified Jews that he meant them no harm and kept them from fleeing the sewage canals to stay hidden from the SS and Gestapo agents that were blanketing the city. The Jews would wait out the war living in the sewage canals under the city, aided by Socha and his wife as well as Wroblewski and his wife.

Initially the Jew would pay Socha and Wroblewski for the assistance that they provided but eventually the money ran out and living in the city’s sewer the Jews had no source of income. It made no difference to the Sochas and Wroblewskis, they provided for the needs of the Jews from their own pockets.

The families provided for all the needs of the Jews in the sewer; they brought them food, did specific shopping for them, provided for their religious traditions by offering prayer books, and in a particularly difficult task they buried the Jews that died while living under these awful conditions.

When the German army surrendered at Stalingrad in the Soviet Union, in July of 1944, the city of Lvov was also freed from German occupation. Following this relenting the Jewish survivors of the Lvov sewers celebrated their survival with the families that saved their lives.

After surviving for thirteen months in the sewers under Lvov, ten of the original twenty-one Jews who went into that sewer fearing for their lives survived to the end of the war. For providing material support to the Jews hiding in the sewers under Lvov, Leopold and Magdalena Socha and Stefan Wroblewski and his wife were recognized by Yad Vashem as being Righteous Among the Nations , an honor bestowed upon non-Jews who offered aid to Jews during the Holocaust.

Copyright© 2013 R. Bertz

Yad Vashem, The Holocaust Martyrs' and Heroes' Remembrance Authority. Retrieved from:


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • rlbert00 profile imageAUTHOR


      6 years ago from USA

      Mama Kim 8...What these men did during the Holocaust is truly remarkable, maybe if there had been more like them the situation in Europe could have been mitigated and the Holocaust reduced in intensity; we'll never know. I thank you for taking the time to read and comment.

    • Mama Kim 8 profile image

      Sasha Kim 

      6 years ago

      This is a wonderful tribute to these men! Its sad that history can sometimes forget these sort of Heroes. Voted up

    • sgbrown profile image

      Sheila Brown 

      6 years ago from Southern Oklahoma

      Very nice story. I enjoyed it. Voted up and interesting. :)

    • LoriSoard profile image


      6 years ago from Henryville, Indiana

      Good story. Very inspiring.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)