- Education and Science
History of Kalpana Chawla
Kalpana chwala Career
Kalpana Chawla an Indian born American astronaut. She was born in Karnal, Haryana, India. She was one of the seven crew members of space shuttle Columbia STS-107, the shuttle disaster when reentry into the earth atmosphere. Kalpana name meaning is “Idea” or “Imagination”. Her interest in flight inspired by J.R.D tata, a pioneer Indian piolet.
Kalpana Chawla was born in the family of three elder sisters and one younger brother. Since childhood, she was unusual in everything. Kalpana Chawla was born in 1st July 1962. Even as a child, she showed her independent nature and she ever selected her own “Monto” at home. When her elder sister Sunita and her aunt took Kalpana for admission to near by school, Principal asked her name. Sunita replied they had three name in her mind – Kalpana, Sunaina and Jyotsna, but they were yet to decide. And the principal asked the little girl(Kalpana) as to which name would she prefer. She attended Tagore Bal Niketan school. Karnal is one of the few Indian town with flying clubs. It was called “Karnal Aviation club”. Here small Pushpak planes take off and land. Kalpana was fantastically attracted toward the Pushpak planes and had a joyride aboard on Pushpak. She became excited as child ever she saw planes and talk about them. Kalpana also wrote poetry and danced at annual day celebration. As she grew into the young women, she cut her hair short and never put any make up on face. Whenever any visitor asked her what she wanted to become in life she quickly reply “flight engineer”. She thought flight engineer designed aero plan as nobody had explained that flight engineer navigate the planes. Kalpana decided her career an astronautical at early age and joined Punjab engineering college at 1978. She was the first girl register in the astronautical engineering course.
She moved to USA and continued her study in 1982 Master of science degree in aerospace engineering from the university of texas. Kalpana Chawla earned second master degree in PhD in aerospace engineering in 1988 from the University of Colardo.
Kalpana Chawla got the license of gliders, sea planes, multiengine planes and single engine planes.
Nasa Career Of Kalpana Chawla
Kalpana Chawla was selected by the Nasa in December 1994. Her first attempt in Nasa was failure. She was not selected when she applied first time. In her second attempt she passed the written test and selected for the NASA Job. Kalpana Chawla joined Johnson Space center in March 1995 as an astronaut candidate in the 15thgroup of astronauts.
She was one of the 5 women of total 23 selected. She alo undergo medical and physiological test and interviews. After completing training and evaluation she was assigned as crew representative for astronaut office. In November 1996 Kalpana Chawla assigned as mission specialist and prime robotic arm operator.
After whole experience Kalpana knew she become first Indian women travel in space and her name would be joined in part of Indian history. It had been long journey from karnal to space. She flew on STS- 87 in 1997.
Kalpana Chawla final space mission with NASA yet again. Her mission this time was as scientist. Kalpna Chawla assigned as flight engineer and mission specialist for STS-107. In 2000 Kalpana was again selected for her second flight, as a crew of STS-107.The mission was again and again scheduling due to inconvenience and technical conflicting and ultimately they pushed the lunch date at 16 January 2003. The launch went off perfectly. And chawla’s family was in Huston to witness of launch.
STS -107 flights was dedicated science and research mission. All astronauts works 24 hours in 2 alternative shifts and crew successfully conducted 80 experiments.
Death of Kalpana Chawla
Kalpana Chawla died in space shuttle of Columbia disaster which occurred on 1st February 2003. As repeated radio calls from the mission control office to shuttle crews unanswers. Moreover Columbia had not reported to Kennedy space center immediately before it was expecting to landing.
The shuttle loose all the contacts with NASA at 9.A.M as it came for landing. STS-107 mission ended up on 1st February 2003 when 16 minutes are left to scheduling entry.
Kalpana Chawla As Inspiration
Kalpana was from the small town and dare to dream big and chase them. kalpana lived simple life with no frills. Kalpana supprted shorts hair and worn jeans even when she was in India. she had no even Non sense attitude.She was strict veterinarian.
Someone asked her about her experience on space, she said: "the only thing i feel my thoughts, there is nothing else touching me, telling me i have limbs.It's so natural, it's not anything special"
She is great inspiration for every youth.Next generation must carry the Kalpana chawla's tourch, the tourch of knowledge handed over to them.
Kalpana chawla inspire the young in believe in themselves and achieve highest goal.