Holographic Universe: What's Shining On Us?
The Holographic Principle was initially posited by Gerald 't Hooft and Leonard Susskind in 1993. It postulates that the universe itself is a holographic projection which appears on the "horizon of the universe." It stood, alone, yet swamped in a sea of similar cosmological theories until recently, when computer simulations ran has corroborated to what may appear to the Layman (admittedly I include myself in that description) may seem implausible.
Firstly, what is a hologram? Holograms are created when light is split into two, one part of the beam directs itself to the photographic plate whilst the other is refracted or diffused onto a separate part of the plate to form a three dimensional image.
Secondly, how could this correspond to our universe? If we originate from either a parent universe or BRANE material. Subsequent leakage from that source bound under gravity could potentially result in a holographic cosmos. If debris particles (mainly photons) coalesced beneath gravity, which is by far the longest ranging of the four forces, a beam diffusion/refraction could have easily occurred on the cosmological horizon. Especially pertinent if said horizon is curved.
The Holographic Principle could explain many things. Why gravity is the weakest of the four forces for example. If gravity exists as a form of leakage from another universe, then it could render it weaker than other forces that are spawned as interactions on a sub-atomic level. Dark Matter/Energy could be another byproduct of this holographic universe. One of it's believed functions is that it accelerates the expansion of the universe. Demonstrations have resulted in radiation seeping from perceived Dark Matter/Energy. If more than 90% of the universe is comprised of this, and the Holographic Principle holds true. Could Dark Energy/Matter merely be interference masses from the hyperspace we are reflected onto?
The vast emptiness of existence could be used as another proponent for this theory. A cursory glance at our DNA shows that the vast swathes of it are either empty or waste material. Shrink ourselves down to the atomic plane and we are met with more spare space. The mass of an atom is housed virtually all in the nucleus, with lone electrons orbiting it, more like Kuiper Belts objects circling the sun, as opposed to the canonical planets of our Solar System. Laying between the mass megalopolis of the nucleus and the outskirts of electron frontier land, lies vast wastelands of nothingness inside an atom. Take a moment to conceive this... everything, you, me, the Empire State Building, the Grand Canyon, the Great Sloan Wall of galaxies. Each atom comprising the vast complex expanse of existence is mostly empty, nothing! The fact there is such void within us all gives an ostensible inkling to how the universe could be holographic.
In addition, recent discoveries such as the Higgs Boson have shed possible clues on there being more particles than present in the Standard Model. This is erroneous however, these thoughts were not recent. Theories pertaining to more than what we see have abound for as long as time itself. In physics in particular, people have theorised the existence of WIMPs (Weakly Interacting Massive Particles). These miniscule objects do exactly what they say on the tin. Particles far larger than those comprising the Standard Model, but interact weakly with the rest of tangible existence. These have been hypothesized to explain everything from why gravity is seemingly incompatible with quantum mechanics, to the building blocks of Dark Matter and Dark Energy. Perhaps WIMPs themselves are constituents/debris/remnants from older, larger and more primeval universes. Or, considering the Holographic Principle, sub-atomic particles in this universe are smaller and only stronger interacting within it's own motes of holographic projection? The Holographic Principle could possibly yield results into the disparity between our universe being overly abundant with matter. Cosmologists assume that the universe should consist equally of matter and antimatter, but matter and antimatter annihilate each other on contact, therefore in this model of the universe, it would be virtually impossible to exist. Perhaps a holographic universe indicates why such a disparity exists, maybe the process of creating a hologram erases the equality of matter and antimatter?
So where did we come from to begin with? Is the hologram we reflect a larger more primeval universe? Do black holes create radiation? Or as a better explanation, white holes? A white hole is the theoretical opposite end of a black hole. Where a black hole sucks all matter in, a white hole spews everything out, some cosmologists postulate that Quasars are in fact white holes. Quasars are supermassive black holes, located billions of light years away, at the centre of archaic galaxies, belching out high spurts of energy into the celestial ether. Perhaps our universe is the result of a far more massive black hole? A very large hypermassive black hole (if such an entity exists that is?) Recent studies suggest that a four dimensional star collapsing could have been the result of our universe. If this is the case, if there are tesseract stars (4D) in a universe where the laws of physics are altered from our own in slightly altered existences, then a collapsed black hole in a universe larger than ours with massive 4D stars, could produce white holes emitting sufficient matter into our universe. Or twist the different laws of physics there through methods of refraction and diffusion we don't understand, to fashion this hologram?
What does this mean for us? People may adopt a rather nihilistic stance to the theory that the universe is a hologram. Although, why should it be a negative? The fact that our existence is holographic doesn't make us less real, doesn't make our lives matter less. Our minds exist like altars in a temple, fleeting reality streaming by like stars in a spaceship racing at warp speed. They are the brief conglomeration of awareness, hubs to enjoy existence for the short time you can. Also, it yields interesting insights into further mysteries of celestial clues. If we are mere holograms, then what is real? If life is but a dream, what happens when (and/or if) we wake up?
© Brad James, 2014.