ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Homeopathic Results On Massive Scale Establish Efficacy and Evidence In Cuba

Updated on September 9, 2017
Debby Bruck profile image

Debby Bruck, CHOM, retired, founded Homeopathy World Community social network in 2009. Past radio host on BlogTalkRadio and Health Inn.

What are the factors leading to this disease? How can we reduce the incidence without further organ damage through vaccination?
What are the factors leading to this disease? How can we reduce the incidence without further organ damage through vaccination?
Dr. Andre Saine, Canada’s highly regarded teacher and homeopathic scholar
Dr. Andre Saine, Canada’s highly regarded teacher and homeopathic scholar

A Few Brave Men and Women

A few brave men and women speak out against the mainstream and the norm. They have found something to believe in profoundly, that does not fall into the traditional way of thinking about health and disease. Yet, due to personal experience, recorded evidence and years of research and investigation, they can't turn their backs on TRUTH.

When I speak to these prominent individuals, who have great intelligence, accumulated wealth of knowledge and years of practice in the field of medicine, they return each time with the same answer.

I asked Dr Andre Saine at the Joint National Homeopathic conference in April 2012 about something he said in his talk that let me down sharply. I thought he said that times like these, when we have economic collapse, would lead to the death of homeopathy. Yet, when I passed him on the lunch line, he was able to respond and tell me I had mistaken his words. He emphasized that truth will always come out on top. The fact that homeopathy heals on so many levels, in so many diseases, in so many countries, for so many people cannot be ignored. Sure, the forces that want to retain their supremacy in the market place will fight tooth and nail to keep their standing, their enormous hold on the people's money and make them slaves of the over-the-counter and prescription drug market, the over-use of lab tests and high cost of technology.

But, in the end, people will revolt and not just because they can no longer afford these types of treatments and costly hospitalizations. People will stop in their tracks and say, "NO!" No more will they be slaves to the drug cartels. When they learn about homeopathy and how it can work for simple acute ailments, and then as prophylaxis to prevent certain types of diseases and see that whole nations implement homeopathy into the government sponsored health care, they will turn their faces toward this incredible healing modality.

10-Minute Test Kit For Dogs

Idexx Laboratories Inc. provides an in-clinic test that can diagnose canine leptospirosis, a potentially fatal bacterial infection, within 10 minutes. (Introduced 2015)

  • This test cannot differentiate between the antibody from the vaccine or the infection.
  • Leptospirosis is a zoonotic disease that usually strikes dogs, cattle, horses, pigs and wildlife.
  • Traditionally, the microscopic agglutination test (MAT) is performed at university and commercial laboratories and may take up to a week to deliver results

Leptospirosis in Dogs Within The USA

Leptospirosis is being seen in dogs in more and more places across the U.S.

The bacterial disease presents with non-specific symptoms such as lethargy, lack of appetite, changes in urination frequency and vomiting.

“We see leptospirosis every week,” said Richard Goldstein, DVM, chief of medicine at the Animal Medical Center in New York City. The hospital is a referral center for dogs from the New York, New Jersey and Connecticut area, including “dogs who never leave Manhattan.”

. . . Animals that are outside a lot, even in urban areas, are at risk for contracting the disease.

  • “It is a bacterium that is spread from the urine of mammalian species like raccoons, mice and rats,” Goldstein said. “If a dog licks a puddle on a sidewalk, or walks in wet grass or in parks where wildlife would urinate, they can ingest the bacteria.”
  • Originally published in the August 2015 issue of Veterinary Practice News

Leptospirosis in humans

Leptospirosis is a widespread and potentially fatal zoonosis –– a disease that can be transmitted to humans from animals. –– that is endemic in many tropical regions and causes large epidemics after heavy rainfall and flooding.

Infection results from direct or indirect exposure to infected reservoir host animals that carry the pathogen in their renal tubules and shed pathogenic leptospires in their urine. Although many wild and domestic animals can serve as reservoir hosts, the brown rat (Rattus norvegicus) is the most important source of human infections.

Individuals living in urban slum environments characterized by inadequate sanitation and poor housing are at high risk of rat exposure and leptospirosis. The global burden of leptospirosis is expected to rise with demographic shifts that favor increases in the number of urban poor in tropical regions subject to worsening storms and urban flooding due to climate change.

Data emerging from prospective surveillance studies suggest that most human leptospiral infections in endemic areas are mild or asymptomatic. Development of more severe outcomes likely depends on three factors: epidemiological conditions, host susceptibility, and pathogen virulence. Mortality increases with age, particularly in patients older than 60 years of age.

High levels of bacteremia –– presence of bacteria in the blood –– are associated with poor clinical outcomes and, based on animal model and in vitro studies, are related in part to poor recognition of leptospiral LPS by human TLR4.

Patients with severe leptospirosis experience a cytokine storm –– a potentially fatal immune reaction consisting of a positive feedback loop between cytokines and white blood cells, with highly elevated levels of various cytokines –– characterized by high levels of IL-6, TNF-alpha, and IL-10. Patients with the HLA DQ6 allele are at higher risk of disease, suggesting a role for lymphocyte stimulation by a leptospiral superantigen.

Leptospirosis typically presents as a nonspecific, acute febrile illness characterized by fever, myalgia, and headache and may be confused with other entities such as influenza and dengue fever. Newer diagnostic methods facilitate early diagnosis and antibiotic treatment.

Patients progressing to multisystem organ failure have widespread hematogenous (blood) dissemination of pathogens. Nonoliguric (high output) renal dysfunction should be supported with fluids and electrolytes. When oliguric renal failure occurs, prompt initiation of dialysis can be life saving.

Elevated bilirubin levels –– an orange-yellow pigment formed in the liver by the breakdown of hemoglobin and excreted in bile –– are due to hepatocellular damage and disruption of intercellular junctions between hepatocytes, resulting in leaking of bilirubin out of bile caniliculi.

Hemorrhagic complications are common and are associated with coagulation abnormalities. Severe pulmonary hemorrhage syndrome due to extensive alveolar hemorrhage has a fatality rate of >50 %. Readers are referred to earlier, excellent summaries related to this subject (Adler and de la Peña-Moctezuma 2010; Bharti et al. 2003; Hartskeerl et al. 2011; Ko et al. 2009; Levett 2001; McBride et al. 2005).

  • The global burden of a tropical disease known as leptospirosis is far greater than previously estimated, resulting in more than 1 million new infections and nearly 59,000 deaths annually.

Dr Isaac Golden world authority on homoeoprophylaxis will speak May 8, 2012
Dr Isaac Golden world authority on homoeoprophylaxis will speak May 8, 2012 | Source

Dr Isaac Golden As A Guest On The Health Inn Show

The Health Inn Show brought to the screen a very special guest. Dr Isaac Golden who has written many books on the topic of vaccinations and homeopathic prophylaxis spoke about his recent work in the field.

Dr. Golden has been a homoeopathic practitioner since 1984, a well respected teacher and founding Director of the Australasian College of Hahnemannian Homoeopathy. Isaac was President of the Victorian branch of the Australian Homoeopathic Association from 1992 to 1998. In March 1999 he was awarded the Association’s Distinguished Service Award. He is Head of School, School of Holistic Medicine, Endeavor College of Natural Health, offers Degree courses in Homoeopathy. We were truly honored to have him at this time, thanks to historian Peter Morrell, who connected us.

Finlay | I find it fascinating that the same company that produces the homeopathic nosode preparations to act as vaccines against massive endemic and infectious disease, also produces the allopathic drugs for market.

As an example | The DPT or Diptheria Tetanus Pertussis Vaccine which is adsorbed onto Aluminum Hydroxide gel and given as an Intramuscular injection clearly states it contains thimerasol

  • COMPOSITION: The Diphtheria-Tetanus-Pertussis (vaccine D.T.P) is a preparation of a previously detoxified and purified Diphtheria Toxoid obtained from the strain Corynebacterium diphtheriae Park Williams # 8, a previously detoxified and purified Tetanus Toxoid obtained from the strain Clostridium tetani Harvard Caracas and a suspension of previously inactivated cells of Bordetella pertussis 134, 165 y 509, all of them adsorbed onto Aluminum Hydroxide gel to which Thiomersal is added as preservative. Source information

Massive Cuban Innoculation Against Leptospirosis in 2007

HISTORIC EVENT: A homeopathic remedy was distributed to 2.4 million people as a preventative to the typical outbreak of leptospirosis, which occurs after an area has been flooded with contaminated waters. Following the dissemination of the 'nosode' only 10 cases were reported instead of the usual several thousand.

Rats transmit Leptospirosis, an infectious disease caused by the spirochaete Leptospira to humans, causing a wide range of symptoms including high fever, severe headache, chills, muscle aches, vomiting, jaundice, red eyes, abdominal pain, diarrhea, or a rash.

Without treatment, a sickened individual could develop kidney damage, meningitis, liver failure, and respiratory distress. The Cuban government had to find a way to protect her people from the annual cycles of this epidemic due to hurricanes and floods. People lose their homes, have little sustenance and become physically impoverished without food or fresh water, emotionally drained from loss and spiritually depleted. How can people undergoing this continual type of stress and devastation improve their vital force?

The World Health Organization qualified the Finlay Research Institute of the Ministry of Public Health, which supervises and does research for both allopathic vaccinations and high quality homeopathic products. Without any hindrances to its ability to move swiftly, they were able to conduct the leptospirosis project on a massive scale.

"On October November 2007, three provinces of the eastern region of Cuba were affected by heavy rainfalls causing floods of large areas and damage to sanitary and health systems. The risk of leptospirosis infection raised extremely dangerous levels for about 2 million people whoe were exposed to potentially contaminated water.

Considering this situation, the Finlay Institute prepared a leptospira nosode 200 CH using 4 circulating strains and following international quality standards. A multidisciplinary team traveled to the affected regions to conduct the massive administration of the nosode. Coordinated action with public health system infrastructures allowed the government to administer a preventive treatment consisting in two doses (7- 9 days apart) of the nosode to about 2,4 million people (4,8 million of doses). The coverage of the intervention rose up to 95% percent of total population of the three provinces at risk. Another dose, at a higher potency (10M), was given after the hurricane Ike hit the island.

The epidemiology surveillance after the intervention showed a dramatic decrease of morbidity two weeks after and a reduction to zero mortality of hospitalized patients. The number of confirmed leptospirosis cases remained at low levels and below the expected levels according with the trends and rain regimens. The usual expectancy of infection even with allopathic vaccination would have been around a few thousand, with some deaths included.

The costs of the leptospirosis project were $200,000 (US Dollars) whereas, the costs of ‘normal’ vaccination, only for the most at-risk populations, ie children, pregnant women, and the elderly, totals about $3,000,000. With such dramatic results, further projects of this nature will be forthcoming in Cuba to address many other diseases. More information can be found at the website of the Finlay Institute.

Source: Homeopathy Europe

  • "In the history of knowledge there is a rich tradition regarding the representation of man as a reflection of the Universe. Therefore, man is substantially a “small world” in its psycho-physical constitution and carries within himself the information of the three kingdoms. The disease is expressed in the human microcosm, which gives voice to the substance. Homeopathy is the therapy that uses substances from each kingdom and is capable of achieving the balance of the human microcosm."

BMJ Response: British Medical Journal Good Medicine Homeopathy

Battles among ants resemble human warfare
Battles among ants resemble human warfare | Source

Ananda Moore

An inventive little video shown below, created by Ananda More, homeopath and an owner of the Riverdale Homeopathic Clinic in Ontario, provides a snapshot of the Cuban experiment that really worked to halt a potentially deadly disease described above called leptospirosis. Ananda went to Cuba to gather information about the project and dissemination of the homeopathic remedies to the general population.

Leptospirosis is caused by exposure to several types of the Leptospira bacteria, which can be found in fresh water that has been contaminated by animal urine. It occurs in warmer climates.

It is not spread from person to person, except in vary rare cases when it is transmitted through breast milk or from a mother to her unborn child.

Risk factors include: Occupational exposure -- farmers, ranchers, slaughterhouse workers, trappers, veterinarians, loggers, sewer workers, rice field workers, and military personnel. Recreational activities -- fresh water swimming, canoeing, kayaking, and trail biking in warm areas. Household exposure -- pet dogs, domesticated livestock, rainwater catchment systems, and infected rodents. Leptospirosis is rare in the continental United States, but increasing in incidence. Hawaii has the highest number of cases in the United States.

Symptoms can take 2 - 26 days (average 10 days) to develop, and may include: Dry cough, Fever, Headache, Muscle pain, Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea, Shaking chills. Less common symptoms include: Abdominal pain, Abnormal lung sounds, Bone pain, Conjunctivitis, Enlarged lymph glands, Enlarged spleen or liver, Joint aches, Muscle rigidity, Muscle tenderness, Skin rash, and Sore throat. Source: PubMed

You may help her to finish the production of this film by donating. If you like to support struggling movie producers. Listen to Ananda talk about many of the advanced experimental homeopathic work going on in Cuba today.

Global burden of leptospirosis is greater than thought, and growing

Estimated annual morbidity of leptospirosis by country or territory. Annual disease incidence is represented as a color gradient, from white (0-3 cases) to red (over 100 cases), per 100,000 population. (Image courtesy of PLOS Neglected Tropical Disea
Estimated annual morbidity of leptospirosis by country or territory. Annual disease incidence is represented as a color gradient, from white (0-3 cases) to red (over 100 cases), per 100,000 population. (Image courtesy of PLOS Neglected Tropical Disea | Source

In Search of Evidence A Documentary About Homeopathy

Are we men of peace or war?

Are we a manipulated public? When someone force's their will over another, this is war.
Are we a manipulated public? When someone force's their will over another, this is war. | Source
Fair dinkum slang language means true and  genuine
Fair dinkum slang language means true and genuine | Source

All In Our Vision

Genital Warts | Sexually transmitted disease may play a role in the health of the reproductive organs and ability for couples to conceive.

Fertility and Infertility | Higher rates of infertility around the world can be attributed to numerous causes from misinformation, improper habits, environmental pollutants and blockages from poor nutrition, illness and drugs.


FairDinkum Radio Show Individuality, Freedom & Truth

My good friend, Alan Phillips, sent me the link to this radio show called FairDinkum Radio. Besides the fact that I absolutely love listening to the Australian accent and the announcers voice, I'm in a state of outrage and shock. Even though I did a weekly show on Vaccinations and Your Rights in the United States for a number of years, this news and extreme statement has woken me up to a new reality.

Can we, the people of this world, really be in a state of war beyond our comprehension. Are we living in a small marble that heats up like the metaphor of putting a frog in a slowly boiling pot of water? Can global warming only be the tip of the iceberg, when we think about deception, immorality and the evil that humans can assault on other humans? When I listened to the facts versus the propaganda, my need to speak out became clear. Please listen, learn and take actions to protect yourselves and your families.

Within the almost 4 hours of programming, definitely listen to Meryl speak about health freedom number five on the playlist. If the governments who threaten all alternative practitioners, we will lose our ability to choose what enters our body.

A Chance To Learn

Do you think you will listen to the show with Dr Golden?

See results

Interview with world renown and respected Dr Isaac Golden, Australian homeopath specializing in treating endemic disease.

About the Author

Debby Bruck, CHOM loves to write about a variety of health topics, most especially energy medicine and taking a close look at contributing factors to ill health and what steps we can do to return to health. Debby founded Homeopathy World Community, a social network of professional homeopaths enlightening the world to the healing powers of homeopathy in 2009. Past show archives can be found on BlogTalkRadio.

Published 2012 Google and updated 2016 Debby Bruck


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • Debby Bruck profile imageAUTHOR

      Debby Bruck 

      3 years ago

      Dear Clement Doyer - Thank you for the corrections. Blessings, Debby

      Dr Isaac Golden and others will be speaking at an upcoming conference October 2015

    • profile image

      Clement Doyer 

      4 years ago

      I was there in Cuba, at Finlay Institute in 2007-8-9-11-12-13 and I can confirm the veracity of what is reported here. I want to correct the facts about 2008-2009 when there were 3 major tropical storm rather than the usual one. This affected all but 3 provinces on the island, and 8 million people received the homeopatic prophylaxis at 2 higher doses, much more than the 2.2 M reported in the video. Then, and since then, leptospirosis was diagnosed at less than one in 100 000! Come on with your placebo effect! Rat urine is still present, the numbers are without doubt, the monthly average people diagnosed with leptospirosis before 2007, and for the past 20 years was 5/100000. Since 2009, it is STILL less than 1/100000.

    • Debby Bruck profile imageAUTHOR

      Debby Bruck 

      6 years ago

      Hello B.A. Williams - You make some important points. Start with caring for basic needs and amazing cures may occur. I already think the medical model of germ warfare has begun to crumble. Read the news reports daily. Blessings, Debby

    • B. A. Williams profile image

      B. A. Williams 

      6 years ago from USA

      I think a lot of homeopathic cures are available for devastating diseases such as cancer along with the rife machine that was invented in 1930's and the government stopped its use. Some veterinarians are using it on dogs and its curing cancer, but imagine if just food, juice, and a portable rife machine cured the disease, large institutions would crumble along with the pharmaceutical world. I sure hope what I wonder about isn't true seeing family members succumb to the disease. I think Royal Raymond Rife may have had the answer years ago.

    • Debby Bruck profile imageAUTHOR

      Debby Bruck 

      6 years ago

      Hello An AYM - Just keep your eyes open, more information will be forthcoming. When homeopathic remedies are given on such a massive scale showing remarkable preventative results, this illustrates the tip of the iceberg for homeopathy.

      Nosodes have been around since the beginning of homeopathy. They are used expertly as "intercurrents" when a homeopathic physician feels it necessary to keep the constitutional remedy active.

      In this case, nosodes act similarly to isopathic medicine, but as prophylactic medicine when an epidemic disease is anticipated. Thus, in previous years, when the climate from incoming storms, disasters and poor sanitation produce a ripe setting for infection, millions of people would be very ill. With the use of small homeopathic doses, the typical community response was averted. Thanks for your interest.

    • profile image

      An AYM 

      6 years ago

      I have to admit I was hoping for something more regarding an evidence of efficacy. The issue of Cuba was interesting, but I think a harmless exposure to a pathogen makes sense be it for homeopathic or modern medicine. Admittedly I don't know if I'm correct in saying this, but I don't think exposure/nosodes are the main cornerstone of Homeopathy?

    • tirelesstraveler profile image

      Judy Specht 

      6 years ago from California

      Most interesting information, I look forward to learning more from you.

    • Debby Bruck profile imageAUTHOR

      Debby Bruck 

      6 years ago

      Dear Sue ~ What a dear you are to relate your family story and to share this educational information with others. The interview with Dr Golden is available on the archive. Blessings, Debby

    • profile image


      6 years ago

      Hi Debby,

      "People will stop in their tracks and say, "NO!" No more will they be slaves to the drug cartels."

      Amen! This day can't come soon enough.

      My sister has high function autism which my mother believes stems from her vaccinations as a baby. The more read, the more I believe she is right.

      What angers me is how mainstream medicine puts fear into people if they don't get their vaccinations.

      I refuse to get a flu shot and be made to feel that by not getting one that I may be putting someone else's life at risk.

      Sharing this one with my followers and facebook.

      Voted up and away!

    • Debby Bruck profile imageAUTHOR

      Debby Bruck 

      6 years ago

      Hello Vinaya ~ Don't you feel that the medicine will rethink the path they have been taking with the proliferation of drugs and the development of vaccines for every illness possible, even a vaccine for obesity? Pretty soon, people will start to wonder what to do for themselves, instead of rely on "a pill," "an antibiotic," "a vaccine" or any other suppressive medicine.

      They will want to clear their system of toxins and pollutions that enter their body and mind. They will want to make better choices to heal. They will investigate homeopathy and other energetic medical systems.

      Blessings my friend


    • Vinaya Ghimire profile image

      Vinaya Ghimire 

      6 years ago from Nepal

      Homeopathy is growing popular in my country, however, it is a sad thing that people think homeopathy as a last choice. They use homeopathy medicine only when allopathic medicine seems not working for them.

      It was a great pleasure to read about these great people.

    • Debby Bruck profile imageAUTHOR

      Debby Bruck 

      6 years ago

      Hi Sandra. Let me know what you think after the event. Blessings, Debby

    • sandrabusby profile image

      Sandra Busby 

      6 years ago from Tuscaloosa, Alabama, USA

      Very interesting. I'm staying connected to see what I can learn. Thanks for SHARING.

    • Debby Bruck profile imageAUTHOR

      Debby Bruck 

      6 years ago

      Hello Ruby. The more I learn, the more I believe in homeopathy. Every time I experience the healing action of these small doses, I wonder why anyone wants to put crude drugs and toxins into their body? There's a gentler way to treat ourselves and support our immune system under the right conditions. Blessings, Debby

    • always exploring profile image

      Ruby Jean Richert 

      6 years ago from Southern Illinois

      Interesting Debby. Homeopathy appears to be something we should be supporting. There are more sick people today than ever before. Something is not right! Thank you for sharing..

    • Debby Bruck profile imageAUTHOR

      Debby Bruck 

      6 years ago

      Hello Teaches ~ Thanks for returning to check out my reply. Please do keep in touch.

      Hi Elena ~ I appreciate your support regarding homeopathic care. Please send in some questions, leave comments in the chat and we will address your needs. Blessings, Debby

    • Lady_E profile image


      6 years ago from London, UK

      I like homeopathy and would like to learn more about it. (I've seen some workshops and when I have time, will attend) It seems like a healthy alternative.

      Great Hub. Thanks

    • teaches12345 profile image

      Dianna Mendez 

      6 years ago

      I will look into this and pass the info onto my friends as well. Yes, I we have to stand up and make a difference. Thanks for the information.

    • Debby Bruck profile imageAUTHOR

      Debby Bruck 

      6 years ago

      Dear Teaches ~ If you listen to the Australian radio show listed above you will get an inkling of what's going on in other countries that subversively happens in the United States. We must stand up to be counted. Go to the portal and find out what's happening in your state. Listen to Alan Phillips on the BlogTalkRadio shows with me each Thursday or listen to the archives. Love, Debby

    • teaches12345 profile image

      Dianna Mendez 

      6 years ago

      I have heard from homeopathic and naturalpathic doctors that this is a real concern for the future of our health. If the government has it's way, we will see a block on natural supplements and homeopathic remedies. Thanks for sharing this important message. Voted up.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)