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How Bad Is Water Pollution in America?

Updated on August 29, 2017
Kosmo profile image

Environmental issues have always been a major interest of Kelley's, especially as they relate to pollution cleanup and climate change.

Polluted Flint River
Polluted Flint River

The tap water in many parts of the United States may be hazardous to one’s health


Many Americans have been concerned about the quality of their drinking water since the 1970s, when the “Ecology Now” movement became a popular urgency. Some of their concerns may have been eased by passage of the Clean Water Act in 1972 and the Safe Drinking Water Act of 1974. Along with the establishment of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in 1970, this federal agency and the aforementioned legislative acts are supposed to guarantee water quality for all Americans, but current events seem to show this goal has not been realized.

This article tries to prove that the quality of America’s drinking water is not good and seems to be getting worse every day. In addition to America’s need for massive spending to improve roads, bridges and dams, a great deal needs to be done to repair aging water treatment facilities and also cleanup sources of water pollution. America’s drinking water is being poisoned by industrial chemicals, sewage, chemical fertilizers and animal waste, as well as natural elements such as arsenic and lead. Also, methods need to be improved so that actual levels of pollution can be accurately ascertained. People also need to know for certain what levels of pollution are considered toxic.

Please keep reading!

Stop Pollution Quick, Don’t Make The Water Sick

Fracking operation in Texas
Fracking operation in Texas
Tap water in Maywood, California
Tap water in Maywood, California
Wetlands pollution
Wetlands pollution
Cuyahoga River
Cuyahoga River


Water of Flint, Michigan Gives People Lead Poisoning

According to an article entitled “Flint Water Crisis Facts,” on the website www.CNN.com, dated June 14, 2017, Flint, Michigan, a city of 100,000 people, about half of which live below the poverty line and are African-American, has been in financial freefall since General Motors began downsizing in the area in the 1980s. Because of these financial woes, in 2014 city officials switched Flint’s water supply from Lake Huron to the Flint River, a body of water whose water purity has been in question since the 1970s. Unfortunately, this river water wasn’t treated with an anti-corrosive agent, which caused lead in aging pipes to flow into the tap water of Flint’s residents.

Consequently, thousands of Flint’s residents have been exposed to dangerous levels of lead, leading to numerous deleterious health effects such as impaired cognition, behavioral disorders, reduced fetal growth, kidney damage and many other health problems. In addition, once lead gets into one’s system, it cannot be flushed out, and the level of danger for even small amounts of lead can be dangerous. As one can imagine, this disaster had led to numerous lawsuits.

For now, the people of Flint, Michigan must drink bottled or filtered water until at least 2020, when all the lead pipes in the city have been replaced. But even when the level of lead is reduced or eliminated, Flint’s drinking water may still contain other contaminants such as various industrial chemicals, fecal matter, as well as the bacterium that causes Legionnaire’s disease.

It seems safe to suggest that most people would have to be paid a million bucks to drink even one glass of Flint’s tap water!

Even Washington, D.C. Has Grave Water Quality Issues

Since the turn of the twenty-first century, water quality in the Potomac River has decreased dramatically. Per an article on the website for the Washington Post entitled “Potomac River Threatened by Pollution and Congress,” dated May 15, 2012, the Potomac River is now one of the 10 most endangered rivers in the US. Flushed by urban runoff into the river, chemical fertilizers, manure from animal farms, fecal matter from overflowing sewers, as well as pharmaceuticals flushed from toilets have destroyed aquatic life in the river - and even caused some of its fish to change their sexes! Water in the nation’s capitol also contains dangerous levels of lead, dramatically increasing the fetal death rate, among other health issues.

And this situation could become even worse if Congress weakens or eliminates provisions in the Clean Water Act. Reducing the effectiveness of the EPA wouldn’t help the nation’s rivers either.

Warning here: If you fish in the Potomac River, and catch some of those critters, you better not eat them, because they may contain dangerous levels of PCBs, mercury and pesticides!

PCBs Contaminate Stormwater in Northern California

Per the article “Major Victory for California Cities vs. Monsanto over PCB Contamination,” featured on the website for Nation of Change, dated February 19, 2017, various cities of northern California have filed lawsuits alleging that Monsanto has allowed PCBs to enter stormwater systems (the EPA banned the use of PCBs in 1979.) Because of the recent drought in California, cities such as San Jose and Oakland want to use stormwater for municipal purposes; unfortunately, much of this water has been contaminated by PCBs, and these California cities want Monsanto to pay for cleanup costs. The cities won the lawsuit but litigation against Monsanto is ongoing. By the way, the State of California has also spent millions of dollars for the cleanup of PCBs in various bodies of water throughout the state.

By the way, Monsanto has been sued by numerous people, governments and companies for decades. In addition to producing PCBs, Monsanto has produced such products as Agent Orange, DDT, Bovine somatotropin, a synthetic hormone used to increase milk production in cows - the usage of which is highly controversial - as well as genetically modified crops. It seems safe to suggest that Monsanto may have been sued more times than any other corporation in the US!

Dirty Brown Tap Water in Maywood, California

An article in the LA Times, entitled “Maywood Gets Straight Talk about its Water Quality,” dated June 29, 2013, state officials told residents of Maywood that their drinking water wasn’t toxic. Nevertheless, people in the town of 27,000 and located just 10 miles from downtown Los Angeles, have seen rusty-looking water flowing from their taps for many years. This brownish color shows a high level of manganese, elevated levels of which can be toxic. Also, tests on the water have shown the presence of TCE or trichloroethylene, an industrial solvent used throughout the Los Angeles area.

In recent times, water treatment facilities in the area have promised to provide cleaner drinking water, or at least water that is not dangerous to drink - according to qualified authorities, that is. Be that as it may, the water purification business in Maywood is booming. Perhaps one should buy stock in one or two of these enterprises!

Tap Water for 200 Million Americans May Contain Carcinogens

Water pollution is not just a local problem. According to an article on the website www.patch.com, an analysis of federal data by the Environmental Working Group has shown that the water supplies of 200 million American may contain toxic levels of chromium-6, aka hexavalent chromium, which may cause cancer even in vanishingly small amounts. This discovery has prompted environmental groups to urge the EPA to set a national standard for the safety of America’s drinking water. Amending the aforementioned Safe Drinking Water Act of 1974 could help greatly in this regard.

A leader in environmental protection studies and policies, the state of California has set a public health goal of limiting human exposure to 0.02 parts per billion of chromium-6 in public drinking water. (This amount is equivalent to one drop of water in an Olympic-sized swimming pool.) So, exposure to this amount over a lifetime would be considered safe.

From 2013 through 2015, the EPA ordered utilities in 31 cities to test drinking water for the presence of chromium-6 and found amounts in excess of California’s safe level of exposure in three-fourths of the samples. Perhaps these test results will soon lead to establishment of greater water purity standards throughout the country. (The Clean Water Act was lasted amended in 1987.)

Incidentally, chromium-6 is the “Erin Brokovich” carcinogen in the movie of the same name released in 2000 and starring Julia Roberts.

Farm Runoff Fouls Wells in Idaho

In Idaho, about 95 per cent of drinking water comes from wells. Unfortunately, much of this water is being contaminated by livestock waste and farm runoff, per a video on the website www.nytimes.com. Livestock waste is spread on fields as fertilizers, but much of this fecal matter seeps into ground water, causing nitrate contamination, high levels of which can be harmful to humans. Also, many dairy cows are given hormones, the metabolites of which can leak into drinking water, causing reproductive problems in women.

Should someone call the EPA? Well, no, because the EPA doesn’t regulate ground water; states do that. But Idaho’s Department of Agriculture, which monitors water quality in the state, also promotes dairy farms and other farm enterprises. So is there a conflict of interest here?

Consequently, many people in Idaho have needed to buy distilled water for their household needs, and many such folks probably hope the federal government will one day regulate ground water purity, thereby helping protect people’s health in the process!

Weed Killer Pollutes Ground Water

The active ingredient in Roundup, an herbicide made by chemical giant Monsanto, has been found in ground water, according to an article on www.mercola.com, and dated January 10, 2012. Finding this product in ground water wouldn’t be an issue of concern if Monsanto’s claim that Roundup biodegrades quickly and is environmentally harmless were actually true. But after millions of pounds of the potent weed killer have been squirted on people’s weeds and other unwanted plants, glyphosate, the main ingredient, has been found to be a chemical that easily seeps into ground water and biodegrades only after weeks, if not months or years, depending on various conditions such as regional climate.

Since the 1980s, tests on glyphosate in many countries have shown that it causes malformations in lab animals and is harmful to many plants that are not generally considered weeds. It may also be toxic to animals and humans, but test results for such are inconclusive and ongoing.

Interestingly, growing genetically modified crops has increased the use of glyphosate, because it doesn’t attack such crops, even when directly applied. Therefore, such “GMO crops” may have glyphosate residue on them and in the food made from them!

Drilling for Oil and Gas May Pollute Well Water

It appears that America’s quest for more sources of petroleum and natural gas has caused environmental concerns, prompting one irate citizen to demonstrate with a placard reading, “Keep the Frack out of My Water.” Per an article on the website www.usa.com entitled “Four States Confirm Water Pollution from Drilling," dated January 5, 2014, the four states referred to were Pennsylvania, Ohio, Virginia and Texas, all of which reported hundreds of complaints from people who claim that their private water wells are being polluted by hydraulic fracturing operations. Many chemicals are added to the water used in fracking - hydrochloric acid, isopropanol, methanol, ethylene glycol and many other chemical compounds and elements - so their worries may be valid indeed.

Interestingly, the process of fracking, done throughout the world and the US since the 1940s, has many critics and detractors. Such people claim that fracking produces ground and surface water contamination, as well as air and noise pollution, offsetting only minimal economic gain. Fracking may trigger earthquakes as well, particularly in states such as Oklahoma, which has experienced many temblors in recent years.

Conclusion


It’s difficult to tell how polluted America’s drinking water may be, but there seems to be a great deal of evidence showing that its water is probably not near as pure as most people would like it to be. Concerned citizens should pay attention to state and federal legislation involving the nation’s water purity. The 2015 Clean Water Rule would be a good place to start; it expands the authority of the federal government to protect water purity in streams, wetlands and many other watery realms. Unfortunately, many legislators would like to review, rescind or revise it. Such concerned citizens should also vote for candidates who emphasize the importance of establishing and maintaining the purity of drinking water in America.

Moreover, companies that pollute America’s water need to be held accountable and forced to clean up their toxic waste dumps, which pollute ground water to an appalling degree. Many won’t do anything about this until they’re sued by the EPA, so do what you can to support this vital federal watchdog program. Bear in mind that over 40,000 toxic waste sites exist across America.

People may also stop drinking tap water; instead drink filtered or distilled water. And if one drinks well water, make sure its purity is tested on a regular basis. Please follow this advice or you just might get very sick one of these days!

Please leave a comment.

© 2017 Kelley

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    • Kosmo profile image
      Author

      Kelley 2 months ago from California

      Thanks for the comment, ziyena, I'm sorry this article scared the crap out of you, but something must be done to convince people of the seriousness of this issue. Hey, drink as little tap water as you can. Later!

    • ziyena profile image

      ziyena 2 months ago from ... Somewhere Out There ...

      This article scared the crap outta me ... Very detailed, informative and fair warning on contaminants in our water supply. Thank You for setting the record straight

    • Kosmo profile image
      Author

      Kelley 2 months ago from California

      That's right, Mary Wickison, cash crops in the bread basket of the US are susceptible to pestilence and blight because they have little genetic diversity, while toxic runoff from various sources fouls the water. This is a major situation, don't you think? Perhaps we'll ruin the earth and have to leave the planet, as the people did in the movie "Interstellar."

    • Angel Guzman profile image

      Angel Guzman 2 months ago from Joliet, Illinois

      I'm very concerned about our water. Very informative and concerning article :(

    • Blond Logic profile image

      Mary Wickison 2 months ago from Brazil

      Hi Kelley,

      I am from Fresno also, plus there is another writer on Hubpages who lives in Fresno.

      We used to think the water tasted so good, as we had relatives who lived in LA where it was highly chlorinated. However, in Riverdale (outside Fresno) there was always a strong sulphur smell in the water.

      I think the breadbasket of America is going to turn into a toxic wasteland where nothing will grow. It could literally turn into a ghost town.

      You're right, unbiased checks of the water need to be done and as you say, this won't be the government to back those.

    • Kosmo profile image
      Author

      Kelley 2 months ago from California

      Thanks for the comment, Mary Wickison! I also grew up in the Central Valley of California, Fresno actually, and throughout the region ground water has probably been contaminated by agricultural runoff, animal waste and industrial chemicals. It's a catastrophe waiting to happen, I'll tell you, and the Trump administration will only make things worse. Will the EPA survive? Only in a greatly weakened state, I'm feel certain. Later!

    • Blond Logic profile image

      Mary Wickison 2 months ago from Brazil

      I grew up in the Central Valley of California, and the amount of pesticides, herbicides and chemical cocktails used on crops there is mind boggling.

      I've been following the Monsanto labelling issue in California and I am pleased they have to decided it should state that it is carcinogenic.

      One of the problems is people have come to expect a standard of food both in look and price.

      Plus even those people who complain about the company, will grab a bottle of Round-up when a dandelion pops up. Re-education is the only way forward. I just hope the US hasn't gone too far down the rabbit hole to get out.

      It is a multi-faceted problem which is going to be costly both as a clean up and in the cost of health problems.

    • Kosmo profile image
      Author

      Kelley 2 months ago from California

      Thanks for the comment, Sharon Vile! It seems every city and town has different water issues. In Sacramento where I live the tap water is fairly good, but there's lots of agricultural runoff to be concerned about, as well as some mercury in the rivers, left over from the Gold Rush. We must be vigilant and not let people say the water is good when it obviously is not. Later!

    • blueheron profile image

      Sharon Vile 2 months ago from Odessa, MO

      Another problem that no one talks about: Aging water systems in many towns need to be replaced. In my state, small-town city water systems were put in place in the 1950s. These systems have about a 50-year lifespan. Many are overdue for replacement.

      Here's the problem: When city water systems are replaced, the main water lines are plastic pipes. Plastic water lines leach phthalates into the drinking water.

      I live in a dinky town of 300 people. We had no city water until about 5 years ago. (Before that, we hauled water and most people drank bottled water.) Shortly afterward I began to have increasingly serious health problems and was finally diagnosed with Graves Disease (hyperthyroidism). After suffering for a couple of years, I finally decided to switch to drinking only distilled water, and using only distilled water for cooking. The Graves Disease almost completely cleared up.

      Phthalates are known for causing a variety of health issues. Thyroid issues are one of these. They can also cause some kinds of infertility issues.

      Just a heads-up, in case your city is getting new water lines installed.