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How Long Is Cosmic String?
The universe is so convoluted that the word complex is even erroneous to describe it. Possessed of layers and levels that are invisible to us (with our current capabilities) yet are there due to knowledge of interactions and fluctuations of the four fundamental forces of nature (to reiterate: 1. Gravity 2. Electromagnetism 3. Weak Nuclear Force 4. Strong Nuclear Force).
To serve as a brief reminder, gravitation is an attractive force acting between two bodies of mass, the larger exerts a force on the smaller body's velocity, proportional to the distance and speed of the object in question. Electromagnetism governs the fields where molecules interact. The Weak Nuclear Force deals with nuclear decay and fusion in sub atomic particles. Finally the Strong Nuclear Force works in the nucleus of an atom, binding protons and neutrons, plus it operates on an even more minute level, existing via particles known as gluons, they act to bind quarks together to form protons and neutrons.
To briefly cover the particles and the constituent groupings they form to create atoms:
An atom will consist of a number of electrons (of negative charge) residing outside of an atomic nucleus, orbiting it. The nucleus itself is the home of the protons (positive charge and far denser than electrons) and neutrons (neutral value), there is an identical number of neutrons as there are protons, it is the amount of protons that forms an atom's Atomic Number on the Periodic Table. "Nuke" the nucleus and what lies therein? This is the realm of the quarks, the quantum, as beautiful, bizarre and alluringly fascinating as the oddities which abound A Midsummer Night's Dream. Six quarks operate in the particle Pantheon that is known as "The Standard Model of Particle Physics." The "Big 6" are as follows: Up, Down, Top, Bottom, Strange, and Charm quarks, there is also the Higgs Field and recently discovered Higgs Boson, which adds mass to particles. Other particles are believed to exist, though belong to the even more intangible field of the theoretical in our current understanding. Such as gluons, tachyons (apparent faster than light particles), neutrinos and WIMPs (Weakly Interacting Massive Particles that are thought to be possible carriers of Dark Matter). I could go on about more theoretical particles and antiparticles, such as the Positron (positive opposite of the electron), yet I have described a sufficient amount to posit my musings.
I am contemplating String Theory in this post. The belief that particles vibrate infinitely and 1 dimensionally through space. It is these particular stringed vibrations that interest me, and may hold a deeper insight into the fundamental nuts and bolts of existence. If a vacuum of empty space is full of one dimensional vibrating strings, could the path of two, or several, become knotted? Picture, if you will, if you are able (no conceit intended) the minuscule perturbations at this level, serpentine undulations of particles in their superstate existence (superstate = where a particle can occupy all positions at once), leaving these minute meanderings throughout space, it is likely to become intertwined with others.
Some particles act as force carriers, others as matter carriers. Correlating to their unique and vital reason for existence, if the string vibrations before the Big Bang allowed for the knotting of particles, each with their own force or matter blueprint, this could have created some kind of suction vortex? Or created the four fundamental forces as we know them, or as I believe, at the non-existent time point before the Big Bang, only three of the four, gravity came later.
The Strong Force bound particles together, forming rudimentary nuclei. Any particles ejected from this unified state may have fell into decay. According to Newton's Third Law and Thermodynamics 2 (Newton: every action has an equal and opposite reaction. Thermodynamics: the ordered state of heat will relent eventually to less ordered chaos) both should render a cause and effect runaway train scenario, perhaps latticed together into a crude field of proto matter? The stringed superstate of these particles proved a potential catalyst for quantum entanglement (the theory that 2 particles exist entwined, no matter their distance) and the length parting them resulted in the spawning of gravitation.
Once the vortex power of gravity begun to suck what may have been stray debris particles together into a denser state, the gravitation may have attracted the BRANES from which the debris perhaps originated (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brane_cosmology) when the BRANES collided and struck the super dense debris of particles constructed, it shot the matter back outwards into a vacuum, the Big Bang?
More on this subject to come, including WIMPs, Dark Matter/Energy and quantum hyperstates.
© Brad James, 2013.