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How do birds mate? Pictures of dove (pigeon family) mating

Updated on January 2, 2013

How do birds mate? Which organs do the male bird use to mate? Do female birds have organs? Birds mate by joining at their cloaca so that the sperm of the male bird can go from his cloaca to the female's. Confused? Here's a quick overview on how birds reproduce, have sex or mate with some amateur pictures.


Bird anatomy – The cloaca

The cloaca is an opening in a bird's posterior that is used for excretion and reproduction. The cloaca is also known as a vent or referred to as the vent area. Bird species in which males and females both have a cloaca, reproduction is achieved when a male and female rub and connect at each other's cloaca. This momentary rub allows for transfer of sperm from the male bird to the female. Males of certain bird species have a phallus, or in other words, a penis. Below is a picture of an exposed cloaca of a bird known as the Babbler.

The cloaca of this babbler is clearly visible as the wind ruffles a few feathers
The cloaca of this babbler is clearly visible as the wind ruffles a few feathers | Source
This is the same picture except that it is zoomed in to provide a better view of the cloaca of the babbler
This is the same picture except that it is zoomed in to provide a better view of the cloaca of the babbler | Source

Pictures of birds mating

This mating session began with the birds engaging in what seemed like a tussle as they jumped from one wire to another. For those of you wondering, these wires are overhead electricity cables.


The female bird temporarily flew away but the male adamantly followed. It seemed as if the female could not say no to the male. The picture below was when the female momentarily flew away. Although not in the frame, you can almost see the cloaca of one of the dove (pigeon family).

The birds fly away momentarily
The birds fly away momentarily | Source

However the female did not fly too far and came back to the wires. The temporary tussle began again. There was constant flapping of wings and it appeared as if the two seemed to be a bit confused and even flew into each other as seen in the picture below.

The birds fly into each other
The birds fly into each other | Source

For a moment, the flapping of wings and the tussle stopped, and it seemed as it things were back to normal. Both the dove (pigeon family) momentarily perched on the overhead electricity cables again. They inched towards each other, and what looked liked almost a happy ending led to another tussle, pictured below.

Another quick tussle before the birds mate
Another quick tussle before the birds mate | Source

This mid-air tussle between the two birds did not last too long and both doves (pigeon family) gracefully took positions, yet again on the overhead electricity cables.


Assuming that the one on top was the male dove (pigeon), he rested on top of the female and mating began. The picture perfect moment of birds mating did not last too long. As quickly as it started, it finished. Luckily, a picture of the birds mating was captured just in time.


The birds mating, finally!
The birds mating, finally! | Source

As soon as the mating session finished, the male dove (pigeon) calmly flew away and found a comfortable spot on a nearby tree. The female was still momentary perched on the cables, only to fly away a few moments later.


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    • profile image

      Linda 

      5 years ago

      We have a dove's nest right outside our window in a flower box. The babies hatched this morning and it was thrilling to see them. The parents have been diligently sitting on the eggs for two weeks through rain, thunderstorms, freezing cold and now sunshine on Good Friday.

    • profile image

      nanasworld 

      6 years ago

      nice

    • profile image

      vic 

      6 years ago

      its wonderful it take a great deal of patience and time.

    • profile image

      lola 

      6 years ago

      what do birds do to start mating

    • princesswithapen profile imageAUTHOR

      princesswithapen 

      6 years ago

      I'm glad you liked the pictures, Flora. Thanks!

    • FloraBreenRobison profile image

      FloraBreenRobison 

      6 years ago

      Beautiful photographs.

    • princesswithapen profile imageAUTHOR

      princesswithapen 

      6 years ago

      Hi september girl

      Thanks for your compliments. It was a classic case of being at the right place at the right time. I knew that the birds were up to something the very minute they started flapping wildy during the initial tussle. Thanks heaps for your vote and I'm glad you liked this hub.

      Princesswithapen

    • princesswithapen profile imageAUTHOR

      princesswithapen 

      6 years ago

      Setareh

      I'm glad you enjoyed reading this. I too, had a whale of a time taking the pictures and putting them together in this hub.

      Princesswithapen

    • princesswithapen profile imageAUTHOR

      princesswithapen 

      6 years ago

      Steve

      The joke about the porcupine is still a cracker! I'm glad you found this interesting. Taking pictures and watching the moment was equally fascinating for me!

      Thanks heaps for stopping by on this one.

      Princesswithapen

    • profile image

      september girl 

      6 years ago

      Wow, how did you capture such pictures? Beautiful work with the camera. Interesting too. Had to vote it up, of course. : )

    • Steve Lensman profile image

      Steve Lensman 

      6 years ago from London, England

      Haha that's great setareh, in all my years here I've never seen one, not even a photo. ;)

    • profile image

      setareh 

      6 years ago

      Really enjoyed it princesswithapen!

      I've seen a baby pigeon, Steve. There's a nest in my garden.

    • Steve Lensman profile image

      Steve Lensman 

      6 years ago from London, England

      Another fascinating and interesting hub princesswithapen, somehow it reminded me of the old joke - How do porcupines mate? - Very carefully.

      I wonder if birds mate in flight too?

      And than there's that age old question - Has anyone ever seen a baby pigeon? [cue gasps]

      Voted Up and interesting.

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