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How the Stonehenge was Built
The construction of the Stonehenge must have been incredibly difficult and oviously time consuming. It took about 500 years of construction for each stage. The Windmill Hill people, Stonehenge I, began construction in 3100 B.C. They started with the ditch measuring 320 feet in diameter, 6 feet wide, 6 feet deep, and edged with mounds on each side. Natural erosion has cuased the ditch to lessen in depth. Archaeologist have found tools that they must have used to dig the ditch scattered about the site. They used the shoulder blades of oxen and antlers of deer to scrape and dig up dirt. Concentric to the inside of the ditch are 56 perfectly spaced holes, 3 feet wide and 3 feet deep. These holes were discovered by John Aubrey giving them the name Aubrey holes. They believe these holes were to temporarily hold wooden posts for religous ceremonies, but then filled in with the ashes of cremated human remains. They left an entrance to the Northeast. Placed by the Northeast entrance is a large sarsen stone called the "Slaughter Stone". Appearently, the "Slaughter Stone" was suppose to be one of a pair. Fifty feet outside of the circular mound stands the 16 foot tall sarsen stone called the "Heel Stone", also thought to have been a pair. "Heel Stone" wieghs several tons and is claimed to have come from Marlborough Downs. It sets exactly under the sunrise on the Summer Solstice. After all this detail and dedication, the Windmill Hill people ended the Stonehenge I construction in 2300 B.C. Why stop such magnificent work? Why the change in cultural architecture? So many unanswered questions that will hopefully have an answer in time. Join me next time for the construction of Stonehenge II.