How to Conduct a Project or Social Study? Major Steps
Nowadays, researches and inquiries are very crucial for building a better society. Basically all the societies may consist of diversified features in terms of economic status, social respects, and standards of living and so on. It is a fact that, we cannot develop a society with exact equality divided among people in all the matters. But it is possible to develop a better society with good quality of life which is accessible to all. The social status may differ from individual to individual, even then also, they can enjoy some basic fruits of development such as facilities for quality education, fulfillment of basic needs, good social system etc.
When came in to the reality of any society, there will be many problems. Here the research and inquiry is very essential for finding the real picture of a society. So research and inquiry is not a way of wasting money resources and human efforts. Instead it may create good outcome in the society by contributing suggestions to the social problems. Therefore, it is very relevant to invest in innovation and research to find the suitable way to build a prosperous society.
To conduct a successful study, there are few steps that should be followed. Major five steps are follows.
1. Find a social problem
4.Findings and conclusions
5.Suggestions or solutions to the social problem.
1. Finding of a Problem (Thesis)
The heart of any study will be the existence of a problem or some tough questions. When doing a social study, there are many things which the researcher must be aware before setting thesis. Social problem may be related to a particular people within a particular demography or location. The scope of the study is purely depending on the thesis. So first of all, the researcher must decide to set a problem in a particular locality. It should be relevant to the present social system. Of course the success of the study may depend on many other factors too such as availability of data, location, population, sampling etc. Higher accuracy in the study can be obtained by considering small location with limited population. But in such a case, the scope of the study will be lower. On the other hand, there are possibilities of occurring errors while doing a macro level problem. So, the real challenge of a researcher is not doing just a study, but doing a study with wider scope (wide coverage/ macro level) with minimum errors.
Data is one of the crucial factors of any research. In this stage, the researcher is required to collect data from the field of study. The collected data with different characteristics can be called as raw data. Then the question is that, how to collect data from the field of study? There are different methodologies which can be followed to collect data. You can collect data or information from each individual in the field of study. But generally it will be more difficult; at the same the accuracy of the study will be higher. On the other hand, data can be also collected by sampling method. There are different types of sampling methods too. Anyhow, sampling is the process of collecting data from the field of study from few individuals who are representing the almost all the individual in the field of study. Nowadays, most of the researchers are following sampling method, particularly those of macro level problem studies. Basically the data may either from primary or secondary sources. Primary source of data collection may be in the forms of personal interview, questionnaire, telephone interview, meeting resource persons etc. On the other side, secondary data are collected from third parties such as publications, news papers, journals, magazines etc. The primary source of data can be collected by preparing questions by you. Further it will give you the credit on the data. In a social study, you can use both primary and secondary data together. Before going to collect data, it will be more effective that, you can make more information about other related thesis done by others. So you can make more understanding about various aspects of the study, which you are going to deal. In fact the data collection should be after good preparation and observations.
3. Analysis and Presentation of the Data
Data collection will give you raw data without complete meaning. So the next task of the study is to process the data. For this, you have to sort or classify the raw data in accordance with their natures. Data analysis is the crucial stage which will make your findings and conclusions. So it should be more realistic and genuine.
After detailed analysis of the data, you can create tables and other models like graphs, pie diagram etc to present the data. It should be simple and not much complicated one. The data presentation will be more effective when you use pictorial type of models. Now, after analysis of data you will get your output of the study. But you have to modify them to make meaningful solutions and suggestions to your thesis or social problem. One more thing is that, you should not be biased researcher. If so, the study will be the wastage of efforts and time. You can not be a biased researcher too, because, your study will be going to evaluate by the public. Do your best effort and make a change in the society. Yes, you can do so with your passion to the study.
4. Findings and Conclusions
In this stage, you can highlight the output of your study as findings. Findings and conclusions are derived from the data analysis. In this stage, the represented data are used to find the crux of the study. It should be free from biased or predetermined findings. Here, you can highlight some of the major problems in the society, reasons of the problem, present and past conditions of the study etc. In this stage, you can also understand whether your thesis is right or not. If your thesis proven as true, it can make as a theory or a testable hypothesis. Otherwise, you are required to rethink about the validity of the thesis.
5.Suggestions and Solutions to the Problems
Based on the findings and conclusions, the researcher is required to finalyse the study by giving suggestions. The thesis or the problem of the study can be over taken by following these suggestions. So the suggestions and solutions are must be capable of applying in the real society to bring dynamic changes. When the study got more citation, it can be taken as one of the indicators of the success of the study.