ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

How to Create a Task Based Learning Lesson Plan for ESL

Updated on May 15, 2012

What is Task-Based Learning?

Very simply, task-based learning (TBL) uses tasks, or activities with a real-world goal, for educational purposes. If you have been teaching for any time at all, you have probably noticed that many ESL activities have little relation to real-world activities. It would be a rare occasion that someone would stop you on the street and ask you to repeat the same sentence ten times, changing only the object noun each time. And how often does your boss, "What's this?" as he waves a series of pictures in front of you? Probably never.

TBL is a teaching method which does away with activities that exist only in the bubble of a classroom. Students learn by being forced to communicate with their peers to solve a series of problems, or tasks. Fluency is the goal, rather than accuracy, and teachers are available for consultation, but do not correct language while students are working.

TBL in Action

Creating a Task-Based Lesson

As you can see, a task-based lesson does not look much like the PPP or PDP lessons you are probably more familiar with. Simply follow the steps below, and you will be on your way to creating a more interactive class.

Pre-Task

Just as a PDP lesson begins with pre-reading or pre-listening, TBL lessons begin with a pre-task in which the teacher sets the stage. In this portion of the class, the teacher will introduce the task and provide all the guidelines the students need to successfully complete it.

The teacher may review some vocabulary that would be helpful for the students, but there is no language focus stage. The pre-task could also include a video of people completing the (real world) task as a model. Once the task and guidelines have been given, students take some time to prepare and plan how to execute the task.

Task

In this stage of the lesson, the students complete the task in pairs or groups. The teacher monitors and offers encouragement, but does not correct their language. The teacher is also available to answer questions the students may have.

Planning

Once the task has been completed, the students must prepare a report to present the results of their task to their classmates. In this stage, they are more likely to ask for assistance with language, so the teacher should be available to them.

Report

Once the reports have been prepared and practiced, the pairs/ groups present them to their classmates. The report may be memorized or read from notes. The teacher and classmates may offer feedback at this time.

Analysis

This is the stage of the lesson most like a language focus. Once all of the reports have been presented, the teacher may highlight features of the language used for the task. This can be anything from grammar to register to text features. For example, in terms of text features, a science report is likely to have a hypothesis at the beginning and should use technical language to describe observations.

Practice

Based on the results of the task, the teacher can determine if some aspects of the language require additional practice. At this time, students can be given an activity to develop accuracy with regards to a specific language feature. However, some purists believe that this is unnecessary.

In any case, you can see from the above lesson that the teacher does not predetermine a language focus, rather it evolves organically based on observations of the students' performance. In TBL, there is is little to no focus on error correction, as communication is the goal, rather than accuracy.

Fluency versus Accuracy

As you may guess, there are strong proponents of both the more traditional PPP/ PDP lesson plan and the newer, more practical TBL lesson plan. In my most humble opinion, there should be room for both in the language classroom.

In Korea, where I teach, many adult learners could probably sit down and write a book about English grammar, as long as it was in Korean. After decades of teaching English through Korean, there are legions of adults here who can quote any grammar rule you might be curious about, but who could not have the most basic conversation in English.

On the other hand, if your grammar is terrible and your choice of language understandable, but odd, you will find yourself at a disadvantage, as well, particularly if you need to communicate with English speakers on a regular basis (such as immigrants or students studying overseas).

Students need the opportunity to develop fluency, and real world tasks are a motivating way to do it. The students can clearly see the benefit of trying to reserve a hotel room with typical real-world issues, such as no available rooms or credit card denial, over yet another dialogue which presumes no difficulties.

However, students also need to develop accuracy in order to be understood by the "people on the street" with whom they will come into contact outside the classroom.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • profile image

      dhani 

      3 years ago

      I don't understand about BTLT. can you help me mrs

    • Arco Hess Designs profile image

      Arco Hess 

      3 years ago from Kansas City, Kansas

      From my understanding, task-based lessons don't focus on one area of English but tries to incorporate all areas. Grammar and vocabulary are the most important in most cases, but pronunciation can be taught as a possible problem area. As well, sense tasks can be writing based.

      However, since the focus is on fluency, then not too much focus would ever be put on grammar unless it has an effect on fluency. Most of that would be covered pre-task, I believe.

    • profile image

      drsaidahmed 

      3 years ago

      well, that is an awesome presentation! But I'm wondering if you can apply those steps in an actual grammar lesson. I mean why don't you provide us with an example of a grammar lesson plan based on the task based approach? That would be really great

    • profile image

      Farida Lee 

      5 years ago

      Hi. Can you teach me on how to do the WebQuests activity? ^_^

    • Jenniferteacher profile imageAUTHOR

      Jenniferteacher 

      6 years ago from Seoul

      If you have even two students at a time, you can incorporate some pair work. Alternatively, you could use activities like WebQuests which require internet research in English to teach them about some topic, whether it is for school or personal interest. You could have them prepare an in-depth report on their favorite pop star or on the rules of their favorite game, for example.

    • prairieprincess profile image

      Sharilee Swaity 

      6 years ago from Canada

      Wow, very interesting. I love this as a way of teaching. I am also currently tutoring ESL students and have to think about a way to incorporate this into my sessions. Thanks for sharing!

    • bemily521 profile image

      bemily521 

      6 years ago

      Great hub and great tips! I currently tutor an ESL student 4 days a week. Although these lesson plans are mainly for larger groups, I think I could find ways to incorporate them in our sessions. Thank you for sharing!

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)