- Education and Science
How to Learn New Language Effectively
“A different language is a different vision of life”. – Federico Fellini
You want to learn new language and speak in this language fluently but you don't know how to start, so this article can be helpful for you.
Learning a language requires a huge effort. But there are ways, how you can speed up your progress. Here are some language learning tips that can be good for you:
Learn new words.
Starting a new language means learning new words. Lots of them. Learning vocabulary is a very important part of learning a language. The more words you know, the more you will be able to understand what you hear and read; and the better you will be able to say what you want to when speaking or writing. But not all words of a language are equal. Some occur much more frequently than others. Therefore it proves beneficial if you focus your attention on the more frequently occurring words first. You will save yourself countless hours by structuring you learning efforts such that you select the important words first.
Once you have chosen which words to learn, you next have to decide how you are going to learn them. Here are a few ideas: write the words in a notebook with their translations; say the words many times (if you have an electronic dictionary you can hear how the word is pronounced); make associations (in pictures or with other words); ask someone to test you.
It therefore is absolutely important that you keep listening to the foreign language as much as possible. This will form your ear so that you slowly start understanding what is being said.
Try to find as many radio programs, broadcasts, podcasts, TV programs, films, audio books, songs, music or what have you in the foreign language. But main point is to listen to things that interest you. If you don't enjoy something, it's going to be hard for you to continue. The more you listen to the language the more your brain will start picking up words from the context and start making connections.
Your success in speaking a language fluently will be very much dependent by how well you can pick up and understand spoken language and accordingly imitate it.
The important part about listening to spoken language, however is that you actively listen – that is your focus and your concentration is on the language and not on something else. Listening means actively focusing on what you hear. That’s how you tell your brain that this is important.
Read a lot.
Reading is the best way to improve your vocabulary. The context of articles, stories, and conversations helps you figure out and understand the meaning of new words in the text that are new to you. Reading also provides repetition of vocabulary words you have already learned to help you remember them. Read online magazines, essays, and blogs on a variety of subjects. Challenge yourself by reading as many books as you have the time and inclination for. Also reading improves writing; writing improves reading.
Practice your writing skills. Activating your motor memory by learning how to write in the foreign language will greatly intensify your ability to remember words correctly. You can copy out short passages of text from newspapers, magazines or books. Chat with people on different blogs. There are many so many forums on the net, find one about your interests or hobbies. Be careful about using abbreviations, when writing on forums and in chatrooms, they are fun and quick, but can cause bad habits to form.
Grammar is very important because it improves the quality of your writing. Always use the appropriate tense and remember to use punctuation. Punctuation is a great way to make your writing clear and fluent.
Talk to yourself.
When you have no one else to speak to, there’s nothing wrong with talking to yourself: It might sound really weird, but actually speaking to yourself in a language is a great way to practice. This can keep new words and phrases fresh in your mind and build up your confidence for the next time you speak with someone. Even if you don’t have anyone to correct your mistakes, just the act of speaking out loud will help you become more comfortable speaking English.
You’re going to say or write a lot of incorrect things. It’s going to happen. Trust me. But you should not afraid of that. Willingness to make mistakes means being ready to put yourself in potentially embarrassing situations. This can be scary, but it’s the only way to develop and improve. No matter how much you learn, you won’t ever speak a language without putting yourself out there. The more often you do this, the bigger your comfort zone becomes and the more at ease you can be in new situations. At the beginning you’re going to encounter difficulties: maybe the pronunciation, maybe the grammar, the syntax, or you don’t really get the sayings. But I think the most important thing is to always develop this feel. Every native speaker has a feel for his or her own language, and that’s basically what makes a native-speaker – whether you can make the language your own.
If there’s a “secret” or “hack” to learning a new language, it’s this: hours and hours of awkward and strenuous conversation with people better than you in that language. This is potentially the most important rule when studying different languages, and in a sense what most of these tips are about. An hour of conversation as good as five hours in a classroom and 100500 hours with a language course by yourself. Language is something that needs to be processed, not memorized. Try to find natives who are willing to help you with your efforts to speak their language. Grasp every opportunity you have to speak with people in new language. Don't worry about your accent too much. If you want to speak with a stranger, the key is not thinking about it too much. Act on impulse – the longer you think about it, the harder it will be. If you are travelling or learning a language in immersion, these conversations with strangers are often where the best memories start.
One of the biggest issues is that we forget things unless we use them as memory fades unless it’s used. This is why it is crucial to practice. The more you practice the better you’ll get at it.
Learning a new language is a huge task. Motivation plays a significant role in the process of learning a language. Successful learners know their preferences, their strengths and weaknesses, and effectively utilize strengths and compensate for weaknesses. Successful language learning is linked to the learner's passion. If you don’t have a clear motivation then the chance of you abandoning your language learning efforts is very high. Use your brain first to determine if at all you are willing and able to commit to learning another language.
And I wish you a hug progress in your studying…