How to Make an Earthquake Survival Kit
What is a Natural Disaster?
Natural disasters are phenomena that can’t be predicted, therefore, they can occur anywhere, and at any time. The best that anyone can do in the event of a natural disaster is to be prepared in advance. Whether you live in coastal land, or in continental land, nowadays, you never know when an earthquake is going to occur; however, you might be better prepared if you plan for the worst in advance. Earthquakes can produce the worst of scenarios; therefore, a number of essential supplies in your home can bring relief during those dramatic moments.
One of the most destructive natural phenomena on Earth is a severe earthquake and its subsequent effects. An earthquake produces tremendous ground movements, which are caused by stress release, accumulated over tens or thousands of years, at the boundaries of tectonic plates. If an earthquake strikes your community, the chances are that you might not have access to essential supplies and services, including food, water, gas, electricity, etc. It depends on you, and how well you have prepared in advance, the success of survival.
Basic Supplies to Have on Hand When an Earthquake Hits
Individual Earthquake Survival Kit Contents
- One day supply of (canned or dehydrated) food and bottled water
- Battery powered radio and batteries
- Multipurpose tool
- Sanitation and personal hygiene items
- Cell phone with chargers
- Pair of gloves
- A whistle
- Dust safety googles
- N-95 disposable respirator or surgical mask
- Medicines and first aid supplies
- Personal documents; family and emergency contact information
- Extra cash
Consider the following to be used as a temporary shelter for you and your family:
- A tent or large tarp to be used as a temporary shelter
- Blankets or sleeping bags
Food and Water
Make sure you and your loved ones have a sufficient supply of food and water to cover essential necessities, such as drinking, bathing and cooking. Only maintain foods that can tolerate long time storage, and that require the minimum amount of water, cooking time or refrigeration. Avoid spicy or salty foods, as they increase the need to drink water. Plan a three day supply of food; canned food and dry mixes may remain fresh for approximately one year or longer. It's important to maintain these foods in fresh, dry and dark places, as this enhances their durability. The ideal storage temperature is 4-15 ° C (40-60 ° F). Keep foods away from heat sources, such as the refrigerator or stove, as these devices may spoil food more rapidly.
Store a three day supply of water with a minimum of one gallon of water a day for each member of the family, including the family pets. Consider adding an extra supply of water for the sick and pregnant women. If you can, provide your home with a two-week supply of store-bought drinkable water, and replace this supply right after its expiration date. Commercial bottled water is the most appropriate in the event of a natural disaster. Always have on hand a bottle of unscented household chlorine bleach, which can be utilized as water disinfectant, as well as many other sanitizing and cleaning purposes.
Disasters Supply Kit
Always try to maintain a small radio in good working condition plus batteries, so that you may use it as a means of communication between you and your local news. Also store a set of two-way radios with a coverage range of at least 16 km (10 miles). Maintain a flashlight plus extra batteries, and a multipurpose tool that you may help you to perform varied tasks, such as cutting, unscrewing, scraping etc. Keep one or two cell phones, along with their chargers, and stock a pair of gloves, scissors, duct tape and extra matches. A whistle may be very useful in the event someone gets trapped under the rubble. Store one for every member of the family. Include individual backpacks, where to place individual survival kit items, for each member in your family. Finally, Store pairs of sturdy shoes for every member of the family, extra clothing, along with rain coats.
Make copies of all your family's personal documents, including medical information, proof of address, birth certificates, passports and insurance policies, and place them in a waterproof box. Place some extra cash in the same box. Also pack at least one pet bowl and pet toys. Put in some extra car and house keys. It’s a great idea to also put in some game activities for children. A map of the area you live, and blankets and sleeping bags will be of good help. Be sure to pack a portable cook stove and fuel, along with plastic plates, cups and spoons. Finally, seal the box and have it ready until an emergency arises.
First Aid Kit
First Aid Kit
Always have a first aid kit at hand, containing adhesive bandages in assorted sizes; small and large sterile gauze pads; chemical ice pack or ice bag; tweezers and scissors; disposable gloves; disposable syringes; eye patches; antiseptic wipes and soap; a thermometer; and a first aid manual. Place your first aid kit in a clean and waterproof container. From time to time, replace the items that may have become damaged or that have expired. If you or a member of your family is under medication, it’s important to store a three to four day supply of medications, along with the necessary medical instruments.
Make Sure Your Earthquake Survival Kit is Complete
Make sure that everyone’s needs have been met, including children, teenagers, adults, senior adults and pets. Carefully seal and level all the packages and store them where they may be easily accessible. In the event of a disaster, you may need to gain easy and quick access to your emergency survival kit, whether staying at home or evacuating.
There is usually an early warning notice before an earthquake. You'll have to act quickly so as to provide everyone in your family with their individual earthquake survival kit items.
Animals, including dogs and cats, usually give early earthquake warnings, since they behave abnormally before the onset of an earthquake.
According to usgs, gov earthquake database, from 2000 to 2012, there have been 17 earthquakes which have reached a magnitude of more than 8.0 in the Richter scale around the world. Thousands of other earthquakes of minor magnitudes have occurred during the same time period, and all these earthquakes have caused nearly 700,000 deaths worldwide.