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How to Promote Literacy in your Home

Updated on June 22, 2012

When we hear the word literacy, reading often comes to mind. Actually, literacy doesn't only involve reading. It includes writing, speaking, and listening. From birth to age five, a child's brain is at its critical development. This period of development should be nurtured by every parent because this is the time when children prosper intellectually. Children absorb information at a faster rate and therefore, caregivers should introduce literacy as early as birth.

1. Read to your child every day- Make it a habit to read a story from infancy. This will enhance language development and the children will pick-up words easily. A child's vocabulary will be developed if they become exposed to words if they are being read to constantly.

2. Label all items in the house- When you have young children playing in the house, label household items such as cannisters and drawers. This will help them become familiar with the alphabet. It will aid them with their decoding skills as they begin to read.

3. Give them books to read- Instead of the television acting as a babysitter for the kids, let the books keep them company. Young children like to see picture books. They prefer visual presentation of information. When they flip through the pages of a book, their minds are stimulated and allows discovery in the literary world.

4. Listen to audio books- Children have a short attention span. You can choose audio books that play short stories. It will foster concentration in children and creativity. When they listen to stories, they use their imagination to re-enact the scenes in their heads.

5. Talk to your child- Some studies have proved that having conversations during dinner time will help children perform well academically. Introduce words from other languages. Young children learn languages faster when they are below 10 years old.

6. Take a walk- This advice is ofetn taken for granted. When children play outside, they see the beauty of nature and it promotes curiosity. When they see an object such as a tree, describe its characteristics to expand their vocabulary.

7. Give them a sheet of paper and a colored pen- Allow them to doodle and scribble to start their pre-writing abilities. Children love to leave marks on tables and chairs. Give them the chance to experiment with lines and simple strokes. There is a plethora of activities that will encourage them to write such as finger painting, tracing letters, and writing on sand.

8. Invest on writing gadgets- Magic slate, blackboard, letter templates will aid them in writing words such as their names. Use the letter templates to make them trace the alphabet. Allow them to play with the instrument, but be sure to guide them with their writing.

9. Listen to songs- Upbeat nursery rhymes can enhance language skills. Most nursery rhymes are repetitious. Its purpose is to make children express themselves verbally. It will facilitate phonetic skills and develop an affinity for rhyming. The more they sing songs, the more words they will enunciate.

10. Watch Sesame Street- Some studies have shown that watching Sesame Street improves reading comprehension and language development. The show features letters in the alphabet, its sounds, and the words corresponding to the letter being taught. With colorful and adorable characters as their teachers, learning becomes fun and easy.

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