ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

How to Teach English as a Second Language to Adults (Part 1)

Updated on November 10, 2018
Teaching English as a second language can be a fun and rewarding career.
Teaching English as a second language can be a fun and rewarding career. | Source

A Career Teaching English as a Second Language

What do you want to do when you grow up?

It is the classic question that most people can remember being asked at some point during their childhood.

Most kids respond by saying that they want to become a doctor, lawyer, firefighter or a professional athlete. Some fortunate people know exactly what their calling is before they enter grade school.

On the other hand, the rest of us figure it out along the way or are still trying to decide what their ideal career path will be. People in this category quite often find themselves jobs as English teachers while simultaneously considering other job possibilities while working, teaching and traveling the world.

If you follow this path long enough, you may find yourself actually liking the job and lifestyle that you found yourself stumbling upon accidentally.

Understanding how to teach English as a second language to adults can be both rewarding and exciting. It is a unique career that lets you to experience life in other countries, meet some amazing people, and taste incredible cuisine.

Perhaps, most importantly, it also allows you the flexibility to enjoy work while gaining a plethora of exciting adventures along the way.

How to Teach English to Adults with Classroom Activities

This article will introduce some useful teaching preparation strategies and activities for adult language learners that you can use in your classroom. We will focus primarily on teaching adults, but many of the ideas could be used for teaching younger students as well.

It is important to cover all language skills in the classroom that will help improve students’ listening, speaking, reading and writing abilities effectively.

By focusing on the appropriate balance of core skills and using a variety of teaching styles, you will engage your students more and help them get the most out of your lessons.

ESL Listening Activities for Adult Language Learners

The best methods for improving students’ listening skills typically involve using a variety of audio content and media in the classroom. Focus on topics that your students are interested. This holds true for other core skills as well.

Students learn better when they are interested in the subject. In the initial classes of the semester or school term, get to know your students and what they are interested in and adapt the class material accordingly.

Once you know what they like, go online and find as much material as you can relate to the topics that they enjoy personally. Download podcasts, bookmark YouTube videos, prepare music and find any other audio that would be appropriate for their level.

When you have the content ready, listen to it and create worksheets and lessons based on what you have found.

Make questions to test their listening for general understanding, gist, specific information, inferences, and other listening comprehension tasks.

Furthermore, reserving time or certain classes for note-taking practice is another valuable skill that students should work on.

While listening to the audio or class lecture, encourage them to take notes on paper and write out key points about what they hear. Remember to add a discussion element to all listening exercises so students can get each other’s feedback on the listenings and apply what they have learned in class conversation.

For in-depth examples of a number of these types of engaging classroom listening activities, have a look at these ESL listening activities for adults and kids.

In addition, you may want to try some idiom listening activities. Check out this collection of idioms and expressions on the Movie Idioms website.

Enhance students' reading abilities with scanning and skimming activities in class.
Enhance students' reading abilities with scanning and skimming activities in class. | Source

ESL Reading Activities for Adult Language Learners

Teaching English as a second language to adults and kids typically involves daily reading practice. Improving a student's reading ability can be a challenging task if the course materials don’t match their initial abilities.

Therefore, it is essential to know their reading ability before choosing the best textbooks and other supplementary readings.

As a general rule of thumb, if students can’t understand over ten of the words on the page length of a novel, then assign an easier book. It should be challenging enough not to bore them, but not so difficult that it frustrates them to death.

Once you know your students’ levels, select a respectable textbook and find supplementary materials to accompany the main text, such as newspaper articles, magazines, novels or anything else that would be of interest. Most supplements can be found online for free.

In addition, standard ESL reading textbooks will usually come with their own reading comprehension questions and exercises to accompany the articles within the text.

For the supplementary readings, you should try to create your own questions based on the articles that you find.

Again, make sure the content is engaging for the students and related to topics that they like. The questions should test their reading ability for understanding of gist, detailed information, scanning skills, skimming skills, inferences and vocabulary usage.

During and after the readings, have the students summarize ideas from the text and emphasize a strong discussion element to the lessons so that there is a healthy balance between reading and conversation.

Remember, having the class read for the entire class is something that they can do at home when they are alone. So use the classroom time not only to read but also as a time to reflect on what they have read and interact with other students.

For a comprehensive description of useful classroom reading activities, check out these ESL reading activities for adults and kids.

ESL Speaking and Writing Activities for the Classroom

To read more about how to improve adult students’ speaking and writing skills, read Part 2 of How to Teach English as a Second Language to Adults.

In the meantime, please give your feedback or offer your own teaching suggestions in the comments section at the bottom of the page.

Learn more about how to improve students' writing skills in Part 2.
Learn more about how to improve students' writing skills in Part 2. | Source

How long do you plan to teach English as a second language?

See results

VIDEO: Tutorial for Teaching English with Games in Class


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • Shelley Vernon profile image

      Shelley Ann Vernon 

      17 months ago from France

      I agree when you say that your students should be interested in the content, however you won't necessarily get that if the teacher prepares all the lessons! I'm a firm believer in having students participate in their own learning. Give students the task of finding content and writing questions. Check the questions for grammar. Divide the class into teams and have students listen to eachother's content and answer their questions. Shelley Ann Vernon.

    • prairieprincess profile image

      Sharilee Swaity 

      3 years ago from Canada

      @wiserworld, great approach to teaching ESL. I like how you stress making sure that the materials you select are at the right level. I agree that it also very important to make sure that the materials are of interest to the students.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)