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How to Teach Patterns of Things to Young Kids

Updated on March 10, 2015
Felisa Daskeo profile image

I am a certified teacher and have been teaching for more than 30 years. I also write fiction and non-fiction stories.

Pattern of things
Pattern of things | Source

Teaching Pattern to Young Kids:

Patterns can be very confusing to kids especially the very young ones. By making the pattern simple, the children will understand the concept of what you are trying to teach them.

You can use different things and objects to teach pattern to the kids.

Here are things or objects that can help you teach pattern to the children:

  • Letters of the alphabet
  • Numbers
  • Shapes
  • Fruits
  • Vegetables
  • School materials
  • Colors
  • Clothes
  • toys
  • colors

You can use anything to make patterns for the children to see so that they will better understand the lesson being taught to them.

Take note that letting the children touch and arrange the objects on their own will help them learn to understand what a pattern is.


Different patterns that you can use for teaching young kids

Letters of the alphabet

Start by arranging the letters of the alphabet. Like the example below:

The Alphabet Pattern:

Introduce what pattern is all about

The children will not be able to get the concept of the lesson at first. They will see the letters only as letters until you explain that you are talking about arrangements in order.

So, you start by saying, “Children look at the letters. The letters are arranged in such a way that there is a pattern created. Look at the first letter it is A then the next letter is B then A again and B, then A then B, so what letter comes after B?”

The children may be able to give the correct answer but some may not and some may think that you are asking about the next letter. So, try to give other examples for lesson enrichment.

After you have introduced the pattern, you have to ask the children about the lesson. Ask them what comes next. The reason for asking is to let them know what patterns are all about. The children should understand that pattern is arranging objects alternately either in one's, two's, three's or more.

Use as many examples and activities as you can have so that they will be able to grasp the lesson easier.


Numbers Pattern:

Numbers can be used to teach patterns. Try using simple patterns first so that the children can decipher the meaning of pattern before giving them the harder ones. Once the children get the meaning of the pattern it will be very easy for them to do the other patterns because they know already how the patterns are made.

Shapes Pattern:

Shapes pattern is fun for the kids because they already know the different shapes. You can use blocks to teach this shapes pattern or some cut outs or to make it simpler, you can draw shapes on the board.

But children prefer and are more interested in real things that they can hold so you need some real objects like blocks or Lego pieces to present the shapes pattern.

Fruits Pattern:

Use real fruits for this example so that the children can understand the lesson better. Let the children touch the fruit because when the children touch the objects you are using for the lesson; they will connect better to the lesson which helps them to understand the lesson better.

School Materials Pattern

You can use pencils, books, notebooks, crayons and other school materials to make the lesson about pattern more comprehensible to the kids. The more real materials the children can see the better they will understand the lesson.

Colors Pattern:

You can use colors to explain the meaning of pattern to the young kids. Colorful things will make the children interested in what they are learning. This is not difficult for them because they know the colors already.

Activity Sheets:

Use these directions for paper works:

  1. Draw the next object.
  2. Draw the next pattern.
  3. Draw the missing objects.
  4. Color the next object.
  5. Color the next pattern.



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    • Felisa Daskeo profile imageAUTHOR

      Felisa Daskeo 

      5 years ago from Manila, Philippines

      Thank you Zubair Ahmed for a very inspiring comment. It always feels good to know that someone has appreciated my work.

    • Zubair Ahmed profile image

      Zubair Ahmed 

      5 years ago

      A very interesting hub, thank you for sharing, I am sure to try these with my little one.


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