How to Write Research Proposal- An Example
Title of the proposed research: Supply Water Quality of Tangail Municipality.
1. Background of the proposed research
Water is very important abiotic component of the environment. Without water life on earth would not exist. Water occurs 97.2 percent in ocean as salt water, 2.09 percent in icecaps & glaciers, 0.6 percent ground water, 0.11 percent runoff & surface water. It is difficult to imagine clean & sanitary environment without water.
Water requires in drinking, cooking and preparation of food, bathing, cleaning, washing & personal hygiene, watering in gardens, and water for livestock, sanitation. Various health problems may occur due to inadequacy and poor quality of water supply. Infant mortality rate is high due to unsafe water supply. Dirkingwater supply should be completely free from pathogenic microorganisms, element in concentration that causes health impact. It should be fairly clear and aesthetically attractive -low turbidity &color. It should not to be saline, should notcontain any compounds that cause offensive odor & taste, should not cause corrosion, scale formation, discoloring or staining and should not have a temperature unsuitable for consumption.
The quality of drinking-water is a powerful environmental determinant of health. Drinking-water quality management has been a key pillar of primary prevention for over one-and-a-half centuries and it continues to be the foundation for the prevention and control of waterborne diseases. Water is essential for life, but it can and does transmit disease in countries in all continents – from the poorest to the wealthiest. The most predominant waterborne disease, diarrhea, has an estimated annual incidence of 4.6 billion episodes and causes 2.2 million deaths every year. There are several variants of the faecal-oral pathway of water-borne disease transmission. These include contamination of drinking-water catchments (e.g. by human or animal faeces), water within the distribution system (e.g. through leaky pipes or obsolete infrastructure) or of stored household water as a result of unhygienic handling. Millions of people are exposed to unsafe levels of chemical contaminants in their drinking-water. This may be linked to a lack of proper management of urban and industrial wastewater or agricultural run-off water – potentially giving rise to long term exposure to pollutants, which can have a range of serious health implications. Or it may be linked to naturally-occurring arsenic and fluoride, which cause cancer and tooth/skeletal damage, respectively. Without ample safe drinking water communities cannot be healthy(WHO, 2010).
To ensure availability of safe drinking water supply, reliance has to be placed on regular bacteriological analysis to assess portability and to determine the best course of action for protecting the population against water-borne diseases (Ramteke & Bhattaacherjee, 1992). In 1998, the National Policy for Safe Drinking Water Supply and Sanitation (NPSWSS) was published. The main objective of this policy is to improve public health and produce a safe environment by reducing water borne disease and contamination.
Ø What is water supply?
Ø What are the necessities of water supply?
Ø What is the source of supply water?
Ø What are the objectives of water supply?
Ø Which causes reduces the quality of supply water.
Ø How to improve supply water quality.
2. Objectives of the Study
Ø To know the present condition of water supply system in Tangail Municipality.
Ø To assess the supply water quality of the study area.
Ø To know about health status related to intake of supply water of the study area.
Ø To know about the barriers those are responsible against the adequate water supply.
Ø To find out the socio-economic effects of supply water in the area.
The study will be conducted in Tangail Municipality. It is in central region of Bangladesh having latitude 24°15'N and longitude 89°55'E.It is a part of the Dhaka division.
3.2. Study Area
The proposed research work will be conducted in the municipal areas of Tangail. Tangail Municipality consists of 18 wards and 63 mahallas. The area of the town is 29.43km. Tangail Municipality was established in 1 July, 1887. It has a population of about 128785; male 51.25%, female 48.75%. Density of population is 3650 per sq. km; male 51.05%, female 48.95%; Muslim 90.68%, Hindu 9.04%, Christian 0.05%, Buddhist 0.06% and others 0.17% .
3.3. Primary data collection
Primary data will be collected from 18 wards of Tangail Municipality. The tool which will be used to collect the primary data is questionnaire survey from local resident and sterilized bottles for collecting supply water sample.
3.4. Selection of sampling method
The study will be conducted through the questionnaire by personal interview. The supply water samples will be collected from different location viz. Thana Para, Adalatpara, paradise Para, sabalia, Parkerbazar Chainibazar, Godownbazar. 36 water samples will be collected from 18 wards.
3.5. Secondary data collection
All the secondary data will be collected from the Tangail Municipality, Journals and Published materials.
3.6. Data interpretation
Collected data from the water samples analyzed, questionnaire survey and secondary sources will be interpreted & processed for the analysis of the study.
3.7. Data analysis
Data will be collected & analyzed by using software MS EXCELL and SPSS for graphical presentation.
4. Expected outcome from proposed research
After completion of my research activities, the findings will be publishing in our countries popular journals that will be helpful for the local community. By getting information about the condition of water quality and pollution potential of the research area, the govt. could take necessary initiatives for immediate prevention. The inhabitants will get information about the present condition of the water. Thus the dweller will be aware about their water quality standards that they use in different activities. The Government organizations and different non-government organizations will also be benefited by getting such research information. The Government policy maker can be used this study finding in their regulating and planning activities.
5. Application of the Expected output
Ø The proposed research can become a role model in conducting similar research in other communities and countries.
Ø The outcomes of the proposed research can also be used in developing new techniques for sustainable water management or minimize the pollution.
Ø It can also be used in improving the existing community based water supply system.
Ø The research work can develop awareness among the local people about the water supply system.
Ø To take stapes to increase awareness among the local community.
Ø To maintain the environment healthy and clean.
Ø To fix-up correct type of treatment units and effective measures.
Ø To know the operational efficiency of various units of treatment.
Ø M.S. Islam, M.A.I. Chowdhury and M.N. Haq, “ Effect of Iron in Ground Water from the view of Socio-Economic and Health Aspect” Journal of Environmental Science & Natural resources.
Ø WHO, WATER FOR HEALTH, WHO Guidelines for Drinking-water Quality, Water safety and human health, text freely available at www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/dwq/gdwq3rev.
Ø Ahmed.E. 2005. “Bangladesh Water Issues” South Asian Journal.
Ø S.Islam, M.Ahmed, M.A.I.Chowdhury and M.A.Haque, 2010. Journal of Environmental Science & Natural resources.
Ø Ahmed.M.2008. “Problems of Water Supply and Sanitation in Bangladesh”.
Ø Ahmed,M.F. and Jahan, H.2000. “Participatory management of low cost water supply and sanitation”.1st edition, ITN, Bangladesh.
It is expected that the study will complete in 6
months from the data of commencement.