How to Design Your Own House?
Plan: What is it?
Plan is an important term for an architect and now for us too. Plan simply means what a structure looks from top i.e. top view of any structure. We may get the design of a structure from the plan like the space utilization, how the rooms are arranged. Most of the details of a room can be obtained from a plan. Rather than mere arrangement of rooms, plans may also serve as a design which includes the interior designing which includes the arrangement of wardrobes, other furniture, other electrical equipment...
Think before you draw!
It is important to know what type of residence you need to construct. Your dream residence can be single-story or multi-story, and you must finalize the number of bedroom for the residence. It is also better if you could decide the total area of your residence (considering your budget). If you are familiar with the design styles like European, Colonel, Victorian... you can chose one convenient to you or else just let it go and design your own masterpiece!
Designing the plan
Where to draw?
The plan can be drawn using paper and pencil or using software like Auto-cad. For beginners, paper and pencil is sufficient but if you know a software like Auto-cad, it will be better.
Draw it !
As you are done with the measurements of the room, you can proceed to draw it in paper. Draw a line which represents the boundary of a room, then continue drawing according to your arrangement of rooms. To start with you shall represent the boundaries of a room as lines. A sample line diagram of a two-story residence is shown below.
How to draw above house?
First draw the line AB as in the above plan rooms in left side have boundaries in a line.
Then mark U,V on the line AB. Now boundaries of each room has been marked.
Now offset sufficient distance from the line AB. Here all room's boundaries lie in a single line LMNOP.
Join AL,UM,VN,BP and continue the steps to complete ground floor and then draw first floor.
Provide space for door and mark windows and neglect wall thickness.
In the video posted below wall thickness is considered which is not required for beginners.