ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Introduction to English Education in India

Updated on June 8, 2015
icv profile image

IRSHAD. CV has completed graduation. History was one of his optional course. He is interested in Indian history.


When Europeans arrived in India the education system existed was not modernized. Indians were learned in traditional method of education until the first half of 19th century. After the establishment of British colonial power in India, they thought about to introduce the modern form of education system through the medium of English with the help of influence of Christian Missionaries.


The English East India Company introduced the English education from the period of second quarter of 19th century. During this period the The English East India Company captured more places of India. So, for the smooth administration leading the company required large number of clerks. The company authority found that the importing of manpower to India is very costly. This is one of the important purpose of The English East India Company to introduce English education in India. Because they thought that by the introduction of English education, it is very cheap to create sufficient and qualified workers to recruit for some clerical jobs. At the same they restrict Indians to work in high posts.

Another reason for the introduction of English education was, British thought that their culture is superior to the Indian culture. So, the introduction of English education enables people to learn with a modern view and there by civilize the Indians.


After decided to introduce modern form of education in India, there arose a debate with in the government of Governor General William Benedick, which medium of language must use to educate Indians. Someone argued that the medium should be the Indian vernacular or local languages and other group of people argued English language should be the medium to introduce modern education in India.

The Governor General William Benedick appointed a commission under the President of Lord Macaulay to study the issue. Finally Lord Macaulay solved this problem in 1935 by the argument of ‘English language should be used to teach western sciences an disciplines. This Lord Macaulay's victory lead to promote English language in India. Especially now we can see attractive and educated Indian speakers from India.


‘Woods Despatch’ is generally considered as the ‘Magna Carta of English education in India’. It is one of the most important step in the history of the modern education in India. And also it is one of the great reform by British in India.

‘Woods Des patch’ is introduced by Charles Woods, the president of Board of Control in 1854 during the Governor General of Lord Dalhousie. By the ‘Woods Des patch’, the company authority gave more importance for the primary education and also the use of English language.

After, the Hunter Commission of 1882-83 by W.W Hunter under the Governor General of Lord Rippon, The Indian Universities Act of 1904 etc. were the strategic steps by the English authority implemented in education field of India.


Raja Ram Mohan Roy, one of the great social reformer supported modern education. Many other social related movements argued for modern education like Brahmo Samaj, Arya Samaj, Aligarh Movements etc.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • profile image


      3 years ago

      Revise your English when writing about English Education. Too many errors in tenses - affecting overall reading of the text.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)