ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Examples of Ilocano Adjectives, Nouns and Forming Ilocano Sentences

Updated on August 27, 2018
Source

What Is Ilocano?

Ilocano is one of the many languages spoken in the Philippines. Some or many, prefer calling Ilocano a dialect like any other regional laguages for an easier term referring to it as one of the many regional languages since Tagalog was declared as the basis for the country's national language. Although Ilocano isn't taught in Philippine schools, it is widely spoken and is the third most spoken language in the Philippines with native Ilocano speakers mostly in Luzon which is the largest island located in the northern part of the country. Travelling up north to Luzon will immerse you to Ilocano speakers as well as in Central Luzon where Ilocano is spoken as well. One in particular is Zambales where I was born, my mother's beloved province. La Union is another province in the Ilocos Region of Luzon that speaks Ilocano. In fact, Ilocano was recognized as the province's language in the year 2012. And don't forget the City Of Pines, Baguio where people speak Ilocano.

Learning Ilocano

Some have told me Ilocano is hard and another regional language is easier to learn. Learning to speak another language or dialect isn't always easy and it isn't going to be too hard either, and when it comes to learning on how to speak Ilocano, it isn't that hard specially if you speak the national language, Filipino. Why is that? Because there are, I wouldn't say a lot, but some similarities in words. Add to it pretty much the sentence construction has similarities too.

Let's get on learning Ilocano starting with adjectives this time. But to get you warmed up, you may want to start with Ilocano pronouns first and Ilocano verbs, or vice versa.

Ilocano Adjectives

Learning Ilocano adjectives is vital in learning to speak Ilocano as these adjectives are used along with nouns, specially the commonly used ones. They make learning fun and exciting enabling the learner to describe day to day situations.

What are the commonly used Ilocano adjectives? Refer to the table below. I included their Filipino or Tagalog meaning as well for Tagalog speakers.

Ilocano Adjectives

English
Ilocano
Tagalog
beautiful
napintas
maganda
big
dakkel
malaki
small
bassit
maliit
clean
nadalos
malinis
dirty
narugit
madumi
fragrant
nabanglo
mabango
delicious
naimas
masarap
scared
mabuteng
takot
smart
nalaeng
magaling/matalino
tall
natayag
matangkad
tidy
naurnos
maayos
talkative
tarabitab
madaldal
soft
nalukneng
malambot
happy
naragsak
masaya
ripe
naluom
hinog
stinky/smelly/foul odor
nabangsit
mabaho

These are Ilocano adjectives commonly used. This isn't a complete list but is just something to start you with.

Ilocano Nouns

We will be using the Ilocano adjectives above to describe these nouns on the list later on. And on doing that, we are going to cover ti again as we are going to use it connecting the adjectives to nouns.

The following table of nouns isn't a complete list but is a good way to introduce you to some of the commonly used Ilocano nouns. The Filipino words are included as well for Filipino speakers.

Commonly Used Ilocano Nouns

English
Ilocano
Tagalog
house
balay
bahay
kitchen
kusina
kusina
bedroom
kwarto
kwarto
restroom
banyo
banyo
car/vehicle
lugan
kotse/sasakyan
clothes
bado
damit
chair
tugaw
upuan/silya
church
simbaan
simbahan
store
tindaan
tindahan
book
libro
libro
water
danom
tubig
rice
inapoy
kanin
dish
sida
ulam
flower
sabong
bulaklak
kid
ubing
bata
Examples of commonly used Ilocano Nouns

Some Ilocano words are the same in the national language, Filipino. And yes, those are just few of the many adopted Spanish words in Filipino just in case you have noticed that as well. Also some Ilocano words are close enough to its Filipino equivalent word, a good example is the Ilocano word tindaan and the Filipino equivalent tindahan from the table above.

Using Ti

To understand it easier on what ti is in Ilocano, look at ti as a linker, like a bridge connecting or linking the verb and pronoun to a noun in Ilocano sentences. For Tagalog speakers curious as to what ti is in Tagalog, it is the equivalent of ng where ng is used as object marker in actor focused verbs. Before we go any further using ti in Ilocano, let's take a look at these examples with ti linking Ilocano verbs and pronouns in their nouns.

Below are examples of simple Ilocano sentences with verbs and pronouns attached to them and linked to nouns. Notice similarities of pronouns used. Take a look at the nouns as well. Most of these nouns are common nouns. And although some are proper nouns, examples are pan de sal and parya, there are no proper names. Pan de sal is a bread and parya is a vegetable. Ti is not used to link verbs to proper names.

Simple Ilocano Sentences

Ilocano
Filipino/Tagalog
English
Nanganak ti pan de sal.
Kumain ako ng pan de sal.
I ate pan de sal.
Gumatangak ti bigas.
Bumili ako ng bigas.
I bought rice.
Nagdalusak ti balay.
Naglinis ako ng bahay.
I cleaned the house.
Agmulaak ti parya
Magtatanim ako ng ampalaya.
I'm going to plant bitter gourd.
Nakakitaak ti aso.
Nakakita ako ng aso.
I saw a dog.
Mangalaak ti parya.
Kukuha/Pipitas ako ng ampalaya.
I'm going to get bitter gourd.
Mangalngalaak ti parya.
Kumukuha ako ng ampalaya.
I'm getting bitter gourd.

More on How to Use Ti in Ilocano

In addition to ti linking verbs to nouns, ti in Ilocano is also used to link or connect Ilocano adjectives to nouns being described. Let's have examples using ti with commonly used Ilocano adjectives and nouns from the tables above.

An adjective comes first linked by ti to a noun. Notice that the usage of ti in the table below is now the equivalent of ang in Tagalog or the English the.

Ilocano Adjectives and Nouns

Ilocano
Filipino/Tagalog
English
Napintas ti balay.
Maganda ang bahay.
The house is beautiful.
Nabanglo ti sabong.
Mabango ang bulaklak.
The flower is fragrant.
Dakkel ti kusina.
Malaki ang kusina.
The kitchen is big.
Nalaing ti ubing.
Magaling ang bata.
The kid is smart.
Nadalos ti kwarto.
Malinis ang kwarto.
The room is clean.
Examples of commonly used Ilocano adjectives describing some of the most commonly used Ilocano nouns linked by ti.

Ilocano Adjectives, Nouns and Pronouns

Let's expand our Ilocano sentences a little bit more by adding some pronouns on some of the examples above. Let's use one of the Ilocano pronouns discussed in the previous article - Ilocano Verbs, Pronouns and Simple Ilocano Sentences.

Napintas ti balay da. Their house is beautiful.

Napintas da. They are beautiful.

Da is an Ilocano pronoun that corresponds to the English they and their. Notice how it was used in the examples. While da or they in the second example receives the Ilocano adjective napintas or beautiful, it is used as the English their in the first example which shows possession.

More on How to Expand Ilocano Sentences

Let's have more examples of expanding Ilocano sentences by adding time frame in our previous sentence examples in the table above. Let's use some of the ones listed in the table below.

Ilocano
Filipino/Tagalog
English
intono bigat
bukas
tomorrow
intono rabii
mamayang gabi
tonight
idi kalman
kahapon
yesterday
madamdama
mamaya
later

Let's use one of the previous examples we used earlier with a verb, a pronoun attached to it linked by ti to a noun and another pronoun recently mentioned - da for their. Let's add idi kalman from the table above to say that something was done yesterday.

Nagdalusak ti balay da idi kalman. I cleaned their house yesterday.

It would translate to 'Naglinis ako ng bahay nila kahapon' for Tagalog speakers. Practice helps in stepping up the ladder of learning any languages and Ilocano isn't different. There's more to learn in Ilocano and that would be on the next article. This isn't a thorough lesson but referring to the tables above of adjectives, nouns and simple Ilocano sentences to practice sentence expansion by adding time frames would make learning fun. A great way in addition to this is speaking with Ilocano speakers to put what you have learned in use.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • precy anza profile imageAUTHOR

      precy anza 

      4 months ago from USA

      Thank you @Cecile and it's a pleasure reading your comment. I hope some other learners find it as well as this article isn't listed on search engines. I am glad you find this article extremely helpful. And I do want it to be as easy to understand as possible. :)

    • profile image

      Cecile 

      4 months ago

      Thanks so much for this wonderful and extremely helpful article. Your gradual "sentence-building" approach is a great way to expand fluency. I appreciate all of your many amazing contributions to help Ilocano language learners like me. This article pulls together so many important threads. Agyamanak, Adingko.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)