ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Ilocano Tenses of Verbs, Pronouns and How to Construct Simple Ilocano Sentences

Updated on August 23, 2018
Source

Ilocano is the third most spoken language in the Philippines. Although it isn't the national language, it is spoken by many, mainly in the northern, northwestern and central Luzon provinces. And because of Ilocano speakers establishing themselves in other non Ilocano provinces, learning to speak Ilocano peaks interests over newly made friends. Add to it the non speakers settling in Ilocano speaking provinces, it is vital to learn how to speak Ilocano and communicate for day to day basis.


With that said, I am no different being a learner myself. Although I was born in an Ilocano speaking province from my mother's side, leaving the province at an early age and not being around Ilocano speakers for years, the language was wiped off my system. Not until I was 19 years of age when it starts coming back to me little by little.

How To Learn Ilocano?

You're reading this because you want to learn. And one of the few Ilocano related questions I get asked is, 'How to learn Ilocano easily?' There wouldn't be one straight answer to this. Everyone learns differently and it isn't always going to be easy. And it wouldn't be as easy as you want it to be. But if I would be asked, 'How to not get bored in learning Ilocano?' To that I have one answer up my sleeve. I know how it feels getting all pumped up and excited in learning a new language or dialect and later on lost your interest realizing it isn't easy.


Start learning with something you are interested in is often my response. Why is that? Isn't it easier to remember words, phrases or even lessons if it interests you? Another great way of learning is mingling and having conversations with Ilocano speakers. You may not understand the whole conversation or not at all but you'll learn new words and it is a good way to immerse yourself in the language. Of course you can start by reading a book or having learned a little bit if you prefer that as a start of learning. But nothing beats being around speakers. It's like having yourself soaked in a water and getting the feel of it instead of just looking and studying the water, if you get what I mean.

Ilocano Pronouns

Ilocano uses agglutination where a prefix, a verb and the pronoun all comes together, becoming one. If that is still a little bit unclear, think of a chair that you just bought for example and you have to assemble the chair, connecting all pieces together including the legs, the seat and the backrest to make the chair usable.

With that said, let's start by taking a look at some Ilocano pronouns. What are the Ilocano pronouns you will often hear and see using agglutination? See the table below. I've also included the Tagalog equivalent for Tagalog speakers. This isn't a complete list.

Ilocano Pronouns

Ilocano
English
Tagalog
mo
you
ka
da
they
sila
isuna
he/she
siya
isuda
they
sila
siak
I
ako
sika
you
ikaw

Ilocano Verbs

With the agglutination being mentioned and explained previously as well as some Ilocano pronouns, let's now have Ilocano verbs in their future, present and past tenses before having examples of forming the tenses and creating simple Ilocano sentences.

Verb in English
Ilocano Future Tense
Present
Past
Eat
Mangan
Mangmangan
Nangan
Cook
Agluto
Aglutluto
Nagluto
Sleep
Maturog
Maturturog
Naturog
Bath
Agdigos
Agdigdigos
Nagdigos
Walk
Agpagna
Agpagpagna
Nagpagna
Cry
Agsangit
Agsangsangit
Nagsangit
Sit
Agtugaw
Agtuwtugaw
Nagtugaw
Write
Agsurat
Agsursurat
Nagsurat
Watch
Agbuya
Agbuybuya
Nagbuya
Wash (clothes)
Aglaba
Aglablaba
Naglaba

Ag- is a prefix commonly used with Ilocano verbs that is used to form an imperative form as well as the future and present tense of the verb.

Commonly Used Ilocano Affixes

Affixes are pretty much used in Ilocano, mostly prefixes and suffixes.

Looking at the table above with the verbs, you will notice that most of the verbs in their future and present tense forms used the prefix ag-. Ag- is also used in forming imperative forms in Ilocano. Imperative is when you tell a person what to do, a command or being authoritative.

While ag- is used as a prefix, most of the past tenses of these Ilocano verbs with ag- prefix uses nag-. See table above with the past tense of verbs.

In addition to ag-, there are other prefixes used in Ilocano although not used as much as the ag- prefix. One good example is maturturog which is in the present tense. It has the ma- prefix and not ag-. Maturturog means sleeping. Except for the ma- prefix used, the process of forming the present tense is similar to those with ag- prefix.

Verb with ag- prefix takes nag- suffix for its past tense. And a verb with ma- prefix in its future and present tense takes na- suffix for its past tense. Refer to table above for the suffixes used in the past tense.

Agglutination and Using Affixes With Verbs

Let's use ag- as an example as it is a prefix mostly used.

Being the mostly used prefix with Ilocano verbs, let's have examples of agglutination using the prefix ag- along with a verb. We are going to use one of the verbs on the list on the table above, second from the top. Let's form a present tense. The root verb is luto.

The root verb has two syllables: lu-to. But it could make a person wonder sometimes how the tenses of verbs are formed. So let's have an example.

Let's do it this way. Let's have the prefix ag- and the first syllable of the root verb with the first letter of the second syllable. Next is the root verb. The first syllable is lu, and the first letter of the second syllable is letter t. The root verb is luto. That will give us aglutluto.

Let's chop it by pieces.

Ag(prefix) lut(first syllable and the first letter of the second syllable) luto(root verb)


Let's have another example, still with the prefix ag-. The root verb this time is buya (watch). It also has two syllables: bu-ya. Starting with the prefix ag-, let's add the first syllable of the root verb and the first letter of the second syllable, which is letter y. Then the root verb. That will give us agbuybuya.

Ag(prefix) buy(first syllable and the first letter of the second syllable) buya(root verb)

Present Tense of Ilocano Verb Using Ag- Prefix

Prefix
First Syllable + Letter From Root
Root Verb
Ag
lut
luto
Ag
lab
laba
Ag
buy
buya
Ag
sur
surat

Simple Ilocano Sentences

Now that we've covered how to form tenses in Ilocano, Ilocano affixes as well as some Ilocano pronouns, let's have Ilocano sentences.

Referring to the table above with Ilocano verbs, choose the tense of verb. The pronoun comes after.

Aglutluto isuna. She/He is cooking.


For the pronoun I, to say that you did the action or the verb, -ak is attached to the verb.

Mangmanganak. I am eating.

The root verb is mangan. It has two syllables: ma-ngan. Notice that the first syllable of the root verb is duplicated and the ng from the second syllable is copied as well, giving us mang + the root verb. Mang + mangan = Mangmangan. The -ak attached to the verb is the pronoun I.

Using Ti for Sentence Expansion

Ti in Ilocano is used to expand a basic or simple Ilocano sentence. From the previous example of 'Mangmanganak,' ti will serve as a bridge that will connect this simple sentence to whatever is being eaten. For Tagalog speakers, the equivalent of ti in Tagalog is ng which is an object marker in a sentence.

Mangmanganak ti pansit. I am eating noodles.


Let's have another example with the future tense of the verb. Notice that it is just the root verb and the pronoun -ak for the future tense.

Manganak ti pansit.

Common Ilocano Sentences

Ilocano
English
Tagalog
Agdigdigosak.
I'm taking a bath/shower.
Naliligo ako.
Mangmanganak ti pinya.
I'm eating pineapple.
Kumakain ako ng pinya.
Agbuybuya isuna ti tv.
She/He's watching television.
Nanonood siya ng telebisyon.
Maturturogak.
I'm sleeping.
Natutulog ako.
Aglablaba isuna.
She/He's doing the laundry.
Naglalaba siya.

Those are just some simple Ilocano sentences that will come in handy using tenses of verbs and pronouns that were discussed in this article. Ti is used to expand sentences but it is used as well as a marker. More on that on the next article.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • patrick jouannes profile image

      PATRICK RENÉ HENRI JOUANNÈS 

      8 weeks ago from LACHAPELLE SAINT PIERRE

      Keep going !!!

    • profile image

      Caloy 

      10 months ago

      thank you madam,

      I am a bisaya, andi want to learn more local languages, specially ilocano language, and you're helping a lot..

    • precy anza profile imageAUTHOR

      precy anza 

      14 months ago from USA

      Thank you @Cecile Tajon. Glad to know the article is being a great help, as I know understanding the Ilocano tenses could be confusing. I want it explained in an easier way. :) I sure would be writing more when ideas come to mind as there's not much about Ilocano online.

    • profile image

      Cecile Tajon 

      14 months ago

      This is a great article, and the charts you included are really enhancing my understanding of verb tenses in Ilocano. Please write many more articles!!

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)